Anglistics Study Programme WEEK 10 SEJ 5 Anglistics

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Anglistics Study Programme WEEK 10 SEJ 5 Anglistics Study Programme www. singidunum. ac. rs/admission

Anglistics Study Programme WEEK 10 SEJ 5 Anglistics Study Programme www. singidunum. ac. rs/admission

Anglistics Study Programme https: //www. ted. com/talks/sophie_zadeh_are_there_universal_expressions_of_emoti on/transcript The 40 or so muscles in

Anglistics Study Programme https: //www. ted. com/talks/sophie_zadeh_are_there_universal_expressions_of_emoti on/transcript The 40 or so muscles in the human face can be activated in different combinations to create thousands of expressions. But do these expressions look the same and communicate the same meaning around the world, regardless of culture? Is one person’s smile another’s grimace? Charles Darwin theorized that emotional expression was a common human feature. But he was in the minority. Until the mid-20 th century, many researchers believed that the specific ways we show emotion were learned behaviors that varied across cultures. Personality theorist Silvan Tomkins was one of the few to insist otherwise. Tomkins claimed that certain affects— emotional states and their associated facial expressions— were universal.

Anglistics Study Programme In the 1960 s, psychologist Paul Ekman set about testing this

Anglistics Study Programme In the 1960 s, psychologist Paul Ekman set about testing this theory by examining hundreds of hours of film footage of remote tribes isolated from the modern world. Ekman found the native peoples’ expressions to be not only familiar, but occurring in precisely the situations he would expect. Conversely, he ran tests with tribes who had no prior exposure to Western culture. They were able to correctly match photos of different facial expressions with stories designed to trigger particular feelings. Over the next few decades, further research has corroborated Darwin’s idea that some of our most important emotional expressions are in fact universal. The degrees of expression appropriate to a given situation can, however, vary greatly across cultures.

Anglistics Study Programme For instance, researchers have studied facial expression in people who are

Anglistics Study Programme For instance, researchers have studied facial expression in people who are born blind, hypothesizing that if expressions are universal, they would be displayed in the same way as sighted people. In one study, both blind and sighted athletes displayed the same expressions of emotion when winning or losing their matches. Further evidence can be found in our evolutionary relatives. Comparisons of facial expression between humans and non-human mammals have found similarities in the structure and movement of facial muscles. Chimpanzee laughter looks different from ours, but uses some of the same muscle movements.

Anglistics Study Programme Back in the 60 s, Ekman identified six core expressions. Anger

Anglistics Study Programme Back in the 60 s, Ekman identified six core expressions. Anger is accompanied by lowered eyebrows drawn together, tense and narrowed eyes, and tight lips; disgust, by the lips pulled up and the nose crinkling. In fear, the upper white of the eyes are revealed as the eyebrows raise and the mouth stretches open, while surprise looks similar, but with rounded eyebrows and relaxed lips. Sadness is indicated by the inner corners of the eyebrows being drawn inwards and upwards, drooping eyes, and a downturned mouth. And of course there’s happiness: lips drawn up and back, and raised cheeks causing wrinkling around the eyes. More recently, researchers have proposed additional entries such as contempt, shame, and disapproval, but opinions vary on how distinct boundaries between these categories can be drawn. So if Ekman and other researchers are correct, what makes certain expressions universal? And why are they expressed in these particular ways? Scientists have a lot of theories rooted in our evolutionary history. One is that certain expressions are important for survival. Fear and surprise could signal to others an immediate danger. Studies of humans and some other primates have found that we pay more attention to faces that signal threats over neutral faces, particularly when we’re already on high alert.

Anglistics Study Programme Expressions also could help improve group fitness by communicating our internal

Anglistics Study Programme Expressions also could help improve group fitness by communicating our internal states to those around us. Sadness, for example, signals to the group that something’s wrong. There’s some evidence that expressions might be even more directly linked to our physiology. The fear expression, for instance, could directly improve survival in potentially dangerous situations by letting our eyes absorb more light and our lungs take in more air, preparing us to fight or flee. There’s still much research to be done in understanding emotional expression, particularly as we learn more about the inner workings of the brain. But if you ever find yourself among strangers in a strange land, a friendly smile could go a long way.

Anglistics Study Programme DA LI STE EMOCIONALNO INTELIGENTNI? Odgovorite na ovih 6 pitanja i

Anglistics Study Programme DA LI STE EMOCIONALNO INTELIGENTNI? Odgovorite na ovih 6 pitanja i proverite imate li veći EQ od drugih ljudi! Svetski ekonomski forum (World Economic Forum) nedavno je otkrio da je upravo emocionalna inteligencija (EQ) jedna od najpoželjnijih osobina za lični i profesionalni razvoj. Velike svetske kompanije sve više pažnje obraćaju na EQ ljudi koje zapošljavaju jer su svesni da takvi radnici doprinose uspešnom razvoju njihove kompanije, ali i u održavanju visokih standarda međuljudskih odnosa na poslu. Desirable (sought-after, in demand, coveted, popular) traits Contribute to – play a part in – be instrumental in Brojne studije su potvrdile da su uzorni radnici upravo oni koji poseduju visok nivo EQ jer su bolji u timskom radu i komunikaciji s drugima, skloni su inovacijama, ali su otvoreni i za ideje drugih i rado ih razmatraju. Takvi radnici su vrlo prilagodljivi, lako se nose s promenama i usklađuju s izazovnim situacijama. Oni znaju da se nose s kupcima, saradnicima ili menadžerima u situacijama kada nisu zadovoljni njihovim radom. To have an aptitude for innovation, boast innovation prowess, have a tendency/inclination for innovation

Anglistics Study Programme Ljudi s visokom emocionalnom inteligencijom sposobni su da kontrolišu sami sebe

Anglistics Study Programme Ljudi s visokom emocionalnom inteligencijom sposobni su da kontrolišu sami sebe i znaju da ostanu mirni, sabrani i pozitivni tokom teških situacija i napetih razgovora i to ne samo u poslovnom životu, već i privatnom. Te izuzetne pojedince krasi prirodni optimizam, sposobnost motivisanja samih sebe i sagledavanja situacije iz svih uglova. Skloni su da preuzmu inicijativu i pravilno deluju u problematičnim situacijama. Stay calm/composed/collected Be endowed with (gifted or blessed with) Look at the situation from different angles/perspectives Ovih šest pitanja mogu vam otkriti da li ste emocionalno inteligentniji od većine ljudi. Odgovarajte sa da ili ne.

Anglistics Study Programme 1. Da li ste uglavnom svesni svojih osećanja i razloga zbog

Anglistics Study Programme 1. Da li ste uglavnom svesni svojih osećanja i razloga zbog kojih se tako osećate? 2. Da li ste svesni svoje lične snage, ali i svojih ograničenja i nedostataka? (foibles, imperfections, shortcomings) 3. Da li ste li sposobni da dobro upravljate svojim lošim emocijama i možete li se brzo oporaviti kada se takve emocije pojave u vama, kada ste uznemireni ili pod stresom? 4. Imate li sposobnost da razumete ili osetite šta druga osoba proživljava po nnjenom referentnom okviru? (from within their frame of reference) 5. Da li birate da svaki dan živite pozitivno i gledate na čašu kao da je uvek napola puna? 6. Jeste li zadovoljni sobom, onime ko ste, bez obzira da li neko utiče na vaš ego?

Anglistics Study Programme Objašnjenje: Na što ste više pitanja odgovorili sa 'da', to ste

Anglistics Study Programme Objašnjenje: Na što ste više pitanja odgovorili sa 'da', to ste emocionalno inteligentniji od drugih. Ukoliko ste na sva pitanja odgovorili pozitivno, tada vas veroatno krasi izuzetno visok nivo emocionalne inteligencije na koji možete biti ponosni. Ako nemate samosvest, ako niste u stanju da upravljate svojim negativnim emocijama, ako ne možete da budete empatični i imate učinkovite odnose, nećete stići daleko bez obzira koliko ste pametni - rekao je Danijel Goleman, stručnjak za emocionalnu inteligenciju, a prenosi Inc. Self-awareness – samosvest Manage one’s emotions – upravljati emocijama Have effective relationships – umati ucionkovite odnose