- Slides: 25
Andrea Ouarrak Henry Ford
The colonisation of America • The first European colonists were English, French and Dutch merchants. • On November 21 the pilgrim fathers landed on the costs of Massachussets were they founded the first English colony. • From the very start, the population was a meltin pot of diverse ethnic traditions.
• Henry Ford was born July 30 1863 on a farm in Greenfield Township, Michigan. • His father, William Ford, was born in Ireland his mother, Mary Ford was born in Michigan. • In 1879, Ford left home to work as an apprentice machinist in Detroit.
• In 1882, he returned to Dearborn, where he became adept at operating the Westinghouse portable steam engine. • During this period he also attended Detroit's University.
1891 - 1898
• In 1891, Ford became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company. • After his promotion in 1893, he had enough time and money to devote attention to his experiments on gasoline engines. • These experiments culminated in 1896 with the first vehicle, the Quadricycle.
Encouraged by Edison, Ford designed and built a second vehicle. . .
the model t
• The Model T was introduced on October 1, 1908. The car was very simple to drive and cheap to repair. It was so cheap that by 1920 s, a majority of Americans had a Model T. • Ford also created a huge publicity machine in Detroit to ensure every newspaper carried stories about the new product!
• Always on the hunt for more efficiency and lower costs, in 1913, Ford introduced the moving assembly belts into his plants, which enabled an enormous increase in production.
Henry Ford & Son • In December 1918, Henry Ford turned the presidency of Ford Motor Company over to his son Edsel Ford. • Henry started another company and made a show of taking himself and his best employees to the new company.
• Ford was a pioneer of "welfare capitalism", designed to improve the lot of his workers and especially to reduce the heavy turnover that had many departments. • On January 5, 1914, Ford announced his $5 -perday program, raising the minimum daily pay. • It also set a new reduced workweek, although the details vary in different accounts.
• Ford and Crowther in 1922 described it as six 8 hour-days. • Ford was adamantly against labor unions: he thought they were too heavily influenced by some leaders. • By 1932, Ford manufecturing one third of all the world's automobiles. • He produced in Brasil, Australia, Great Britain and a lot of countries all over the world.
Racing Ford Mustang Shelby GT 500 1967
• Ford mantained an interest in auto racing untill he died. But let's see some masterpieces. . .