ANCIENT IRELAND ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland

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ANCIENT IRELAND

ANCIENT IRELAND

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland Neolithic Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland Neolithic Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland Neolithic Age in Ireland Bronze Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic Age in Ireland Neolithic Age in Ireland Bronze Age in Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND

ANCIENT IRELAND

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the landscape form?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the landscape form?

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive?

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive?

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive? • Where did they

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive? • Where did they come from?

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive? • Where did they

ANCIENT IRELAND How and when did the first people arrive? • Where did they come from? • What did they bring with them?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to survive?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to survive? • What did they do for shelter?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to survive? • What did they do for shelter? • What did they believe?

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to

ANCIENT IRELAND How did the Neolithic people live? • What did they do to survive? • What did they do for shelter? • What did they believe? • Why did they build Megalithic tombs?

ANCIENT IRELAND When did the Bronze Age arrive in Ireland?

ANCIENT IRELAND When did the Bronze Age arrive in Ireland?

ANCIENT IRELAND When did the Bronze Age arrive In Ireland? • What changes did

ANCIENT IRELAND When did the Bronze Age arrive In Ireland? • What changes did it bring?

ANCIENT IRELAND Stone Age when people used stone to make tools

ANCIENT IRELAND Stone Age when people used stone to make tools

ANCIENT IRELAND Paleolithic Old Stone Age (irrelevant) Ireland was covered in ice Mesolithic Middle

ANCIENT IRELAND Paleolithic Old Stone Age (irrelevant) Ireland was covered in ice Mesolithic Middle Stone Age began after 10, 000 B. C. E first people arrived

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic 8000 B. C. E. land covered in Pine, Oak, Elm and

ANCIENT IRELAND Mesolithic 8000 B. C. E. land covered in Pine, Oak, Elm and Hazel Ended around 4500 B. C. E. coming of the first farmers

ANCIENT IRELAND Invasion Myths Fir Bolgs Tuatha De. Danann Became the current Faerie People

ANCIENT IRELAND Invasion Myths Fir Bolgs Tuatha De. Danann Became the current Faerie People Sons of Mil (Meal) Celts

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements all near water along the coast beside inland lakes

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements all near water along the coast beside inland lakes and rivers extended family of twenty-five ideal size for hunters / gatherers

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements 7000 B. C. E. elsewhere in the world Jericho

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements 7000 B. C. E. elsewhere in the world Jericho and other farming communities: began developing the world’s first towns cultivation of cereal crops wheat and barley raising of domestic animals

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements 5000 B. C. E. the farming revolution reached Ireland

ANCIENT IRELAND First Irish Settlements 5000 B. C. E. the farming revolution reached Ireland that’s 2000 years later

First Irish Settlements

First Irish Settlements

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared.

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared.

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared.

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared. – Isolated populations developed individual characteristics.

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared.

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Land Bridge between Ireland Scotland disappeared. – Isolated populations developed individual characteristics. • Influenced by Climate and Geography

First Irish Settlements

First Irish Settlements

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World – The

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World – The Earth’s Sea Levels were rising

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World – The

First Irish Settlements • 6000 B. C. E. Elsewhere in the World – The Earth’s Sea Levels were rising • Fertile Flood Plains developed near the shores of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in present day Iraq.

The First Farmers

The First Farmers

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or cattle came in by boat.

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or cattle came in by boat. • Everything needed for a farming existence had to be carried in by boat.

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or

The First Farmers • 4000 B. C. E. Neolithic Ireland – All sheep or cattle came in by boat. • Everything needed for a farming existence had to be carried in by boat. • Farmers and Hunter-Gatherers could have lived side-by-side for a long period of time.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders

Tombs and Tribal Leaders

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E. – 4000 to 3000 B. C. E. the Northern Hemisphere’s temperatures were several degrees higher than today.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • 4000 B. C. E. to 2000 B. C. E. – 4000 to 3000 B. C. E. the Northern Hemisphere’s temperatures were several degrees higher than today. • Food surpluses made urban life possible in the Fertile Crescent.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders

Tombs and Tribal Leaders

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were being built in Northern Europe.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were being built in Northern Europe. • This required:

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were being built in Northern Europe. • This required: – Strong leadership

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Great tombs for the dead were being built in Northern Europe. • This required: – Strong leadership – Ready Supply of Workers able to spend months away from farming.

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs –

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs – Wedge Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs –

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Portal Tombs – Court Tombs – Wedge Tombs – Passage Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity – Architects - design

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity – Architects - design – Stone Carvers -cut stones

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity – Architects - design – Stone Carvers -cut stones – Masons - build

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity – Architects - design – Stone Carvers -cut stones – Masons - build – Engineers create ramps & pulleys

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization

Tombs and Tribal Leaders • Megalithic Tombs – Sophisticated Organization • Degree of Specialization in human activity – Architects - design – Stone Carvers -cut stones – Masons - build – Engineers create ramps & pulleys – Artists - spirals and lozenges.

The Bronze Age in Ireland

The Bronze Age in Ireland

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in modern day Turkey learned to extract metal from rocks.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in modern day Turkey learned to extract metal from rocks. • The Bronze Age spread northwest along the trade routes.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in modern day Turkey learned to extract metal from rocks. • The Bronze Age spread northwest along the trade routes. – 3500 B. C. E. it arrived in Spain.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in

The Bronze Age in Ireland • In 4500 B. C. E. farmers living in modern day Turkey learned to extract metal from rocks. • The Bronze Age spread northwest along the trade routes. – 3500 B. C. E. it arrived in Spain. – 2400 B. C. E. it reached Ireland.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of Ireland.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of Ireland. • Tools of the Bronze Age allowed humans to shape their environment.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of

The Bronze Age in Ireland • 2400 B. C. E. forest covered most of Ireland. • Tools of the Bronze Age allowed humans to shape their environment. – Metal tools allowed them to do it faster and more effectively.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread • Warrior Aristocrats from Spain & Rhine Valley spread this new technology throughout Europe.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread • Warrior Aristocrats from Spain & Rhine Valley spread this new technology throughout Europe. • Better pottery and new skills in metal working.

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread • Warrior Aristocrats from Spain & Rhine Valley spread this new technology throughout Europe. • Better pottery and new skills in metal working. • Religious practices were changing

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread

The Bronze Age in Ireland • The Beaker Folk – Bronze Age technology spread • Warrior Aristocrats from Spain & Rhine Valley spread this new technology throughout Europe. • Better pottery and new skills in metal working. • Religious practices were changing – Stone Circles appeared for the first time.