Ancient Greece Sparta and Athens
Buildings in Athens -The Acropolis-hill top gathering place in Athens The Agora-a market place. Parthenon- building to honor the gods
Greek Military • Hoplite- Greek infantry soldier. • Infantry formed a phalanx (battle unit)
Sparta • Sparta had warrior society • Social Classes: -Helots (captured people who became slaves) -Citizens -Non-citizens
Spartan Soldier • Boys were inspected at birth -deformed were left to die on mountainsides • Boys were sent to the military school at 7
Sparta warriors • Boys trained from 7 -20 • Enlisted in the army at 20. • Allowed to marry but had to live with the military. • Lived with military till 30.
Late life of Spartan Solider • After 30 Spartan males live at home. • Allowed to vote • In military reserves till 60. • After 60 men could run for government council • Sparta had an Oligarchy (28 council members, 2 kings)
Athens • Draco (621 B. C. ) – created first Greek written laws • Pericles(508 B. C. )- helped establish and lead Athenian democracy
Education in Athens • Boys went to school to learn to read and write. They also learned many sports. • Olympics originated in Athens
The Greek Alphabet • The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians. *European languages, including English borrowed ideas from the Greek alphabet.