Ancient Greece Lesson 1 Geography of Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece Lesson 1 Geography of Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece Lesson 1 Geography of Ancient Greece

Vocabulary • Peninsula • Harbor • Mediterranean Sea • Crete • Rhodes • Attica

Vocabulary • Peninsula • Harbor • Mediterranean Sea • Crete • Rhodes • Attica • Peloponnesus • Phoenicia

Read Aloud • “The good Odysseus…spread his sail: seated he • steered…Seventeen days he

Read Aloud • “The good Odysseus…spread his sail: seated he • steered…Seventeen days he sailed across the sea, on the eighteenth he saw that he’d drawn close to shadowed peaks; he now was near the coast of [an] island; in the mist that land took on the likeness of a shield. ” About 2700 years ago Greeks first began listening to the one above, of a poet named Homer’s stories about Odysseus helped the ancient Greeks imagine a distant age much different from their own. They also express the strong connection the people of ancient Greece felt with the sea (Banks, 2001, p. 192).

The big picture • China – 1500 BC – Shang Dynasty • Egypt –

The big picture • China – 1500 BC – Shang Dynasty • Egypt – 1500 BC – Pharaohs building along • • Mediterranean Greece – a civilization 1000 years old Unlike others: – – – No great river No silt Instead • Rocky landscape • Surrounded by the sea

Mountains and Seas • Southern European mainland • 400 islands • Crete – biggest

Mountains and Seas • Southern European mainland • 400 islands • Crete – biggest island • Rhodes • – east of Crete near Turkey ideal rest stop between Greece and Asia Mainland Greece – One out of every nine acres = mountains or hills – Travel difficult – Little farmable land

Land Along the Coast • Sections of Greece – Attica • Farm land •

Land Along the Coast • Sections of Greece – Attica • Farm land • Wedge-shaped peninsula, an area of land nearly surrounded by water • Natural harbors, sheltered place along a coast – – Epirus – upper section of mainland Greece Peloponnesus • Giant hand reaching toward Crete • Thin band of fertile area • Several rivers that dry up in the summer

Map Work Geography’s Impact on life • 1. Method of quickest transportation because of

Map Work Geography’s Impact on life • 1. Method of quickest transportation because of mountains • 2. How long is Crete? • 3. In what direction would someone travel to move from Crete to Rhodes? • P. 193

Early Economy in Greece • Made a living from little fertile soil • Agriculture

Early Economy in Greece • Made a living from little fertile soil • Agriculture in Ancient Greece – Hot summers – Wet and windy winters – Crops • Wheat and barley for bread • Major crops – Olives and grapes – Shrubs help with sheep, goats, and cattle • Timing - plow at the right time

Crossing the seas • Land’s limitation led men to the sea • Sailed to

Crossing the seas • Land’s limitation led men to the sea • Sailed to – Egypt to trade – Phoenicia – today’s Lebanon – Ports across the Mediterranean Sea • Mainly traded – Exported olive oil • Cooking • Lamp fuel – Imported grain

Why It Matters • Cradle of civilization • Influence of ancient cultures remains today

Why It Matters • Cradle of civilization • Influence of ancient cultures remains today

MAIN IDEAS • Unlike the Nile and Huang River valleys, Greece • • has

MAIN IDEAS • Unlike the Nile and Huang River valleys, Greece • • has land that is hilly and rocky, making farming difficult in most areas. Ancient Greeks used the Mediterranean Sea as a “highway” to trade for goods they could not produce themselves Olive oil – a product of a crop that grows well in Greece’s rocky soil-became valuable to trade for grain.

Think About It • Why was farming a challenge in Greece? Why • •

Think About It • Why was farming a challenge in Greece? Why • • was timing important? Contrast the geography of Greece with that of an ancient river valley civilization such as Mesopotamia or the Indus Valley. How did ancient Greeks use the sea to spread their products and culture to other regions? What effects did geography have on the ways ancient Greek met their needs? Draw a map of the Mediterranean Sea region. Draw in arrows to show where ancient Greeks sailed.

Effects of geography • Effect one • Effect two • Effect three

Effects of geography • Effect one • Effect two • Effect three