- Slides: 27
Ancient Greece: What is Greece known for? • • • - Government Philosophy Drama Food Olympics Trojan War
What role will the Sea play in the development of Greece?
Question: What will Mountains do to Greeks?
Geography • Mountains isolate people of Greece and develop different citystates. • Lack of fertile soil leads them to utilize the seas around them. • Greeks trade goods & ideas around the Med.
Early Civilizations Minoans – 1750 B. C. – Crete Mycenaens – 1400 B. C. – Greek Peninsula
Minoans • Around 1750 B. C. , the Minoans built the first Greek civilization on the island of Crete. • They traded with Egypt and Mesopotamia. • Conquered in 1450 B. C. by Mycenaeans.
Mycenaeans • The Mycenaeans conquer the Minoans around 1450 B. C. • They also built fortified cities and learned from the cultures around them. • Expert sea traders.
Trojan War 1200 BC • Mycenaean’s vs. Troy • Fact or fiction?
Mycenaean's civilization collapses • Dorian’s move into land (Dorian Age) • Combine with left Mycenaean's and over time, create Greek culture.
Greek Trade • Greek pottery was one of the more important articles traded throughout the Med. Sea. • Pottery in Ancient Greece told stories about the Greeks. • Pottery also told stories about the gods and about the Olympic games.
Religion: Polytheistic •
The Origin of the Olympics – 776 BC • Events included wrestling, running, boxing, horse races and so on. • Winners received a crown of olive leaves and were made a statue.
The Rise of City States • As we know, Greece is divided by mountains. • It also has tons of islands, which did not allow for a unified empire to grow. • A collection of small citystates developed instead. • The term POLIS is what these city-states were called. • The two main city-states we will talk about are Athens and Sparta.
Sparta • Military POWER! • Censorship- Limit human rights • Military Dictatorship
Militarism in Sparta • Sparta was a warrior society, and from an early age, boys trained for a lifetime in the military. • At age 7, boys left home to train in the military. • Girls were also trained to grow strong, so that healthy babies were born. • Sparta was an excellent military state. • They were ruled by a king.
Athens • • Direct Democracy Education Free Speech Navy
Persian Wars 490 BC Persians conquers area settled by Greeks in Ionia Greeks revolted and City states (Athens) of Greece send aid (Sparta)
Persian Wars Xerxes (Leader of Persia) invades Greece attempting to crush Athens Greece city states divided Came to narrow mountain pass on Thermopylae Mts where 7, 000 Greeks and 300 Spartans blocked path Fought for 3 days Traitor alerts Xerxes of secret path Spartans stay while other escape All die
This war is what the movie 300 is based on
Pheidippides In 490 B. C a legendary Athenian courier ran to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon. He ran 150 miles in two days. At the conclusion of the battle, he ran the 22 mi (35 km) back to Athens, where he reportedly shouted “Rejoice! We conquer!” and then died of exhaustion.