Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy and Physiology Turn to

  • Slides: 23
Download presentation
Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology Turn to a neighbor and talk about: �What you think you

Anatomy and Physiology Turn to a neighbor and talk about: �What you think you will learn about in this class �The definition of anatomy �The definition of physiology

Biology �Study of life �Requirements: 1. Water 2. Food 3. Oxygen 4. Heat 5.

Biology �Study of life �Requirements: 1. Water 2. Food 3. Oxygen 4. Heat 5. Pressure �Functions: 1. Responsiveness 2. Growth 3. Reproduction 4. Movement 5. Metabolism (Respiration, Digestion, Excretion, etc. )

Anatomy �“a cutting open” in Greek �Studies the field of structure (morphology)

Anatomy �“a cutting open” in Greek �Studies the field of structure (morphology)

Physiology �Studies the performance or function

Physiology �Studies the performance or function

Anatomy and Physiology �“Form and Function”

Anatomy and Physiology �“Form and Function”

Levels of Organization and Organ Systems

Levels of Organization and Organ Systems

Levels of Organization 1. Chemical/Molecular 2. Cellular 3. Tissue – cells performing specific function

Levels of Organization 1. Chemical/Molecular 2. Cellular 3. Tissue – cells performing specific function 4. Organ – tissues performing specific function 5. Organ System 6. Organism

How many organ systems can you name?

How many organ systems can you name?

Organ Systems 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Integumentary

Organ Systems 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Integumentary Skeletal Muscle Nervous Endocrine Cardiovascular Lymphatic Respiratory Digestive Urinary Reproductive (male and female)

Integumentary �Epidermis (skin), hair, nails �Protects against environmental hazards, controls body temp

Integumentary �Epidermis (skin), hair, nails �Protects against environmental hazards, controls body temp

Skeletal System �Bones, cartilage �Provides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms blood

Skeletal System �Bones, cartilage �Provides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms blood

Muscular System �Muscles, tendons �Allows locomotion, provides support, produces heat

Muscular System �Muscles, tendons �Allows locomotion, provides support, produces heat

Nervous System �Nerves, brain, spinal cord �Directs immediate response to stimuli, usually coordinates activities

Nervous System �Nerves, brain, spinal cord �Directs immediate response to stimuli, usually coordinates activities of other systems

Endocrine System �Glands �Directs long-term changes in activities of other organ systems

Endocrine System �Glands �Directs long-term changes in activities of other organ systems

Cardiovascular System �Heart, blood vessels, blood �Transports cells and dissolved materials (nutrients, wastes, gases)

Cardiovascular System �Heart, blood vessels, blood �Transports cells and dissolved materials (nutrients, wastes, gases)

Lymphatic System �Lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus �Defends against infection and disease, returns

Lymphatic System �Lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus �Defends against infection and disease, returns tissue fluid to bloodstream

Respiratory System �Nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs �Delivers air to sites where

Respiratory System �Nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs �Delivers air to sites where gas exchange can occur between the air and circulating blood

Digestive System �Salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas �Processes food and

Digestive System �Salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas �Processes food and absorbs nutrients

Urinary System �Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra �Eliminates excess water, salts and waste products

Urinary System �Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra �Eliminates excess water, salts and waste products

Reproductive System �Male: testes, accessory organs, external genitalia (penis, scrotum) �Female: ovaries, uterine tubes,

Reproductive System �Male: testes, accessory organs, external genitalia (penis, scrotum) �Female: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia (clitoris, labia), mammary glands �Produces sex cells and hormones

Homework Coloring Workbook – Chapter 1 �Numbers 3 -7 and #20 �Cross off #9

Homework Coloring Workbook – Chapter 1 �Numbers 3 -7 and #20 �Cross off #9 – we will not be doing that question An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology – Chapter 1 �Objectives 1 -4