Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons CHC 2 D
- Slides: 28
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons CHC 2 D 0
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons • Political cartoons must make their point succinctly and forcefully. • The most successful cartoonists rely on one or more of the following techniques to make a bold visual statement.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Exaggeration An object, person, situation or idea is overstated. An issue, particularly where someone is perceived to be at fault or wrong, is emphasized and underlined by magnifying or diminishing its relative importance. Also see Size and Caricature.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Size A difference in size among objects or people emphasizes or diminishes the relative importance of objects or people.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Caricature Probably the most widely used technique, caricature purposefully exaggerates a particular part of a figure (often in the face) or an object. The figures or objects will appear distorted or ridiculous while remaining instantly recognizable
Caricatures of Political Leaders Jacques Parizeau: Leader of Parti Québécois during The 1995 Referendum
Caricatures of Political Leaders Lucien Bouchard: Form member of PC, former leader of Bloc Québécois, former leader of Parti Québécois
Caricatures of Political Leaders
Caricatures of Political Leaders
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Stereotyping Groups of people may be represented in an over-simplified and inaccurate fashion to call attention to them or to the central issue.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Allusion Political cartoons refer to current events and issues. Consequently, the political cartoon may lose some of its effect with the passage of time.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Symbolism In cartoons, one object can, and often does, stand for another. A comparison is clearly made between two or more otherwise separate figures, objects or events.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons Comparison / Contrast Differences or similarities can be highlighted by placing similar or different items or people together.
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons • Step One: • When analyzing political cartoons, you must – Identify the main features by: • • Describing all the elements in the cartoon Look for a date and/or place on the cartoon Identifying and explaining the cartoon devices used Decide which are the most important elements to help you in understanding what the cartoon is about
Identifying 1. What are the main elements?
identifying 2. Identify when and where the cartoon was created.
Identifying comparison Stereotyping Symbolism Caricature 3. Identify and explain the main cartoon techniques used.
Identifying 4. What are the most important elements? 5. What might they be saying?
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons • Step Two: • When analyzing political cartoons, you must – Analyze the cartoon as a whole by: • Identifying the main event or issue in the cartoon • Explain the cartoonist’s message about the event
Analyzing 1. What is the event being depicted? Referendum 1995 OR Meech Lake Accord?
Analyzing 2. What is the cartoonist’s message? Separation is going to fail because of • Parizeau, Aboriginals, OR • Both?
Analyzing and Interpreting Political Cartoons • Step Three: • When analyzing political cartoons, you must – Judge the effectiveness of the cartoon by: • Agreeing or disagreeing with the cartoonist’s take on the event or issue • Deciding how well or poorly the cartoon presents the event, issue, or people involved
Judging Do you agree with the cartoonist’s take on this issue? Yes: Separatism hurts Quebec OR No: Separatism benefits Quebec
Judging Has the cartoon presented the issue well? Yes: it’s clear, succinct, & funny OR No: it presents negative stereotypes
Applying the Concepts • You have had an opportunity to examine, analyze, interpret and judge examples of political cartoons on a number of issues. • Now it’s time to create your own political cartoon. • Pick a current issue and use three or more of the common cartoon devices / techniques.