American Lit Honors Vocabulary Unit 1
“Nice store you got there. Would be a real shame if something happened to it. ”
Golden Opulence sundae for the low, low price of ……. $1, 000 First dates looking to impress or sweet-sixteens in search of something special strike gold, quite literally, at Serendipity 3, the legendary New York City eatery where celebs are often spotted. The restaurant's golden opulence sundae is covered in 23 -carat edible gold leaf and is also rich in flavor thanks to Tahitian vanilla ice cream infused with Madagascar vanilla beans and chunks of rare Chuao chocolate from Venezuela. In lieu of Hershey's syrup and a maraschino cherry, this sundae is drizzled with one of the world's most expensive chocolates, from Amedei Porcelana, and then adorned with candied fruits, gold covered almonds, chocolate truffles and marzipan cherries. The dish also features a dollop of sweet Grande Passion caviar served with a mother of pearl spoon and a gilded sugar flower. The whole shebang looks as good as it tastes, served in a Baccarat crystal goblet (yours to keep) with an 18 -carat gold spoon (not included).
approbation n. the expression of approval or praise syn. approval, Commendation, sanction ant. disapproval, censure Origin— 1350– 1400; Middle English (< Middle French ) < Latin approbātiōn- (stem of approbātiō ). Saban gives his team another sign of approbation as they win the National Title.
assuage v. to make easier or milder, to calm or to quench, to appease or satisfy syn. mitigate, alleviate ant. Intensify, aggravate, exacerbate • 1250– 1300; Middle English aswagen < Old French asouagier < Vulgar Latin *assuāviāre, equivalent to Latin as- + suāviāre, verbal derivative of Latin suāvis agreeable to the taste, pleasant ( compare suave; akin to sweet) • ANAGRAM Granny can assuage your hunger with a homemade Jimmy Dean sausage and biscuit. .
coalition n. a combination, union or merger syn. alliance, league, ant. splinter group • 1605– 15; < Latin coalitiōn- (stem of coalitiō ), equivalent to coalit ( us ), past participle of coalēscere ( co-+ ali-, past participle stem of alere to nourish + -tus past participle suffix) + -iōn • The United States created a strong coalition that defeated Saddam Hussein in the Gulf War.
decadence n. decline and decay; a period of decline and decay; excessive self indulgence syn. Degeneration ant. rise, growth, development 1540– 50; < Middle French < Medieval Latin dēcadentia, equivalent to Late Latin dēcadent- (stem of dēcadēns ), present participle of dēcadere to fall away ( de- + cad ( ere ) to fall + -ent-) + -ia noun suffix; SENTENCE Some musicians may experience a time of decadence if they only produce a one-hit wonder.
elicit v. to draw forth or to bring out from some source syn. Call forth, evoke, extract, Educe ant. Repress, quash, stifle SENTENCE A teacher’s question may elicit several responses from the class. 1635– 45; < Latin ēlicitus drawn out (past participle of ēlicere ), equivalent to ē- e- + lici- draw, lure + -tus past participle suffix
expostulate v. to attempt to dissuade someone from course or decision by earnest reasoning syn. Protest, remonstrate, complain ORIGIN— 1525– 35; < Latin expostulātus demanded urgently, required (past participle of expostulāre ). Postulate— To demand Though it was a scorching 98 degrees outside, Bernie dressed in the chicken outfit in an attempt to expostulate eating fast food.
hackneyed adj. Used so often as to lack freshness or originality syn. banal, trite, common place, corny ant. new, fresh, novel, original • Origin: 1740– 50; hackney + -ed 2 “to be honest” “actually” “don’t just talk the talk; you got to walk the walk” “when I get around to it” “the fact of the matter is” “in conclusion” “first of all” Mrs. League said I must “hack” hackneyed away the phrases in my essay if I expected to earn an A.
hiatus n. a gap, an opening, or a break syn. pause, lacuna ant. continuity, continuation ORIGIN 1555– 65; < Latin hiātus opening, gap, equivalent to hiā ( re ) to gape, open + -tus suffix of v. action Joe’s doctor informed him that he would need to take a hiatus from table tennis for about ten weeks since he broke his arm while trying to carry his girlfriend’s purse.
innuendo n. A hint or indirect suggestion or reference (often in a derogatory sense) syn. Insinuation or intimation ant. direct statement ORIGIN— 1555– 65; < Latin: a hint, literally, by signaling, ablative of innuendum, gerund of innuere to signal, equivalent to in-2 + nuere to nod The gangster’s innuendo, “Nice store you got there. Would be a real shame if something happened to it, ” made me cringe.
intercede v. To plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement syn. intervene, mediate 1570– 80; < Latin intercēdere. Since Hailey and Casey could not get a long, my brother-inlaw decided to intercede and tape the two of them together!
jaded Adj. wearied, worn-out, dulled syn. Sated, surfeited, cloyed ant. Unspoiled, uncloyed • Origin: 1585– 95; jade 2 + -ed 2 • The jaded Aerosmith fan had seen the show fifty times.
adj. causing shock, horror, or revulsion; pale in color; lack of restraint lurid syn. gruesome, gory, grisly, ghastly ant. pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome Origin: 1650– 60; < Latin lūridus sallow, ghastly The clown’s lurid appearance frightened Jesse so much that he could not sleep alone at night for three solid days.
meritorious adj. worthy, deserving recognition, or praise syn. praiseworthy, laudable, commendable ant. blameworthy, reprehensible, discreditable In recognition of all her ORIGIN— 1375– 1425; late Middle English meritorious efforts in the relief < Latin meritōrius on hire. work, Dresden received a certificate.
petulant adj. peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset syn. Irritable, testy, waspish ant. even-tempered, placid, serene, amiable ORIGIN: 1590– 1600; < Latin petulant- (stem of petulāns ) impudent, akin to petere to seek, head for Acting like a petulant tortoise, Tommy decided to crawl home rather than make amends with the red globidydook.
prerogative n. a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence syn. perk, perquisite 1350– 1400; Middle English < Latin praerogātīvus (adj. ) voting first, praerogātīva (noun use of feminine of adj. ) tribe or century with right to vote first. Brittany Spears thinks she has a prerogative to change her mind about going on tour, despite the fact that thousands of fans have already bought their tickets.
provincial adj. pertaining to an outlying area, local, narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward n. A person with a narrow point of view syn. narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naïve Ant. cosmopolitan, broad-minded 1300– 50; Middle English (noun and adj. ) < Latin prōvinciālis. The Puritans cast their provincial eyes on Hester Prynne as she tightly holds Pearl.
simulate v. to make a pretense of; to imitate, to show the outer signs of syn. feign, pretend, affect Origin: 1400– 50; late Middle English (adj. ) < Latin simulātus (past participle of simulāre ), equivalent to simul- (variant of simil-, base of similis The video game SIMS similar) + -ātus -ate 1 simulates real life. Even the settings are realistic!
transcend v. to rise above or beyond; exceed syn. surpass, outstrip ORIGIN— 1300– 50; Middle English < Latin trānscendere to surmount, equivalent to trāns- trans- + -scendere, combining form of scandere to climb • Sister Madonna Buder transcended everyone’s expectations. As the oldest triathlete, Sister Madonna has competed in more than 300 races and is 78 years young!
umbrage n. shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion syn. irritation, pique, annoyance ant. Pleasure, delight, satisfaction 1400– 50; late Middle English < Old French; see umbra (shadow) –age (quality of) One of my fondest childhood memories is when all of my family would gather underneath the umbrage of a Mimosa tree to shell peas and listen to my grandparents’ storytelling.
unctuous adj. excessively smooth or smug; trying too and to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity or piety; fatty, oily, pliable syn. mealymouthed, servile, fawning, greasy ant. Gruff, blunt 1350– 1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin ūnctuōsus, equivalent to Latin ūnctu ( s ) act of anointing ( uere ) to smear, anoint + -tus suffix of v. action) + -ōsus -ous Being naïve, I looked past his unctuous behavior and said yes when he asked me out.