America Europe Africa Before 1500 s United States

  • Slides: 21
Download presentation
America, Europe, Africa Before 1500 s United States History Mrs. O’Shea

America, Europe, Africa Before 1500 s United States History Mrs. O’Shea

Overview Ø First Americans? ? ? Ø America before 1500 A. D. Ø European

Overview Ø First Americans? ? ? Ø America before 1500 A. D. Ø European World before 1500 A. D. Ø African World before 1500 A. D. Ø Age of Exploration

First Americans? ? ? Ø Migration – movement of people who want to settle

First Americans? ? ? Ø Migration – movement of people who want to settle in a new place Ø Bering Strait – land bridge during Ice Age Ø Came in waves Ø Migrated east and south

European World Renaissance – 1300 – 1500 A. D. –Rebirth of culture and learning

European World Renaissance – 1300 – 1500 A. D. –Rebirth of culture and learning –Produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Shakespeare –Printing Press – makes written word accessible to average person –Reformation – protestant church formed –Nations arose – France, England, Spain, Portugal –Invention of compass, astrolabe, and quadrant, caravel made long sea voyages possible

America before 1500 What do we know about these people? ? ? These groups

America before 1500 What do we know about these people? ? ? These groups had no real written records. Study objects – learn about way people live

D se r ive W po ellpu lat e d

D se r ive W po ellpu lat e d

European World Early Middle Ages – 500 to 1000 A. D. – Unstable –

European World Early Middle Ages – 500 to 1000 A. D. – Unstable – Rise of Islam – Muslims spread religion throughout North Africa, Arabia and presentday Spain – Feudalism – political system of lords, lesser lords, serfs – Roman Catholic Church ruled.

European World Late Middle Ages – 1000 – 1300 A. D. –New farming techniques

European World Late Middle Ages – 1000 – 1300 A. D. –New farming techniques ->more people ->need more land –Crusades – unsuccessful attempts by Christians to take back Jerusalem from Muslims -> increased demand for trade goods –Growth of cities -> Middle Class developed (artisans, merchants, traders) ->money economy was revived-> breakdown of feudal system –Rise of Monarchs –Rise of Universities –Black Death – The Plaque

European World Renaissance – 1300 – 1500 A. D. –Rebirth of culture and learning

European World Renaissance – 1300 – 1500 A. D. –Rebirth of culture and learning –Produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Shakespeare –Printing Press – makes written word accessible to average person –Reformation – protestant church formed –Nations arose – France, England, Spain, Portugal –Invention of compass, astrolabe, and quadrant, caravel made long sea voyages possible

Europeans • • Dark Ages 500 A. D. – 1300 A. D. Renaissance 1300

Europeans • • Dark Ages 500 A. D. – 1300 A. D. Renaissance 1300 A. D. – 1500 A. D. Fall of Roman Empire War Black Death (Plague) Trade – dangerous Muslim world was treacherous for Europeans • Time of rebirth • Emphasis on education, invention, arts (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles) • Nations were created – France, England, Spain, Portugal (competitive) • Inventions = long sea voyages possible • More money – more trade

African World Before 1500 Way of Life • Really diverse geographically -> Africans adapted

African World Before 1500 Way of Life • Really diverse geographically -> Africans adapted to their surroundings -> Africans diverse Social Structure • Organized around family groups – kinships Religion • Oral History • Customs and beliefs varied (one god, many gods or goddesses, spirits, after-life) Views on Land • Land was plentiful. • Land ≠ Wealth

African World Before 1500 TRADE Europeans Cloth Iron Copper Jewelry North Africans (Middlemen) West

African World Before 1500 TRADE Europeans Cloth Iron Copper Jewelry North Africans (Middlemen) West Africans Gold

Explore? Why? Marco Polo – Italian 1271 - Traveled to China overland Remained in

Explore? Why? Marco Polo – Italian 1271 - Traveled to China overland Remained in China for 15 years Returned and wrote of travels - “The Travels of Marco Polo” Why is this important? Fueled interest in travel and in goods from Asia

Motives for Exploration 1. Christianity – wanted to spread Christianity 2. Wealth – wanted

Motives for Exploration 1. Christianity – wanted to spread Christianity 2. Wealth – wanted to make money with trade 3. Fame – wanted to become famous 4. National Pride – competition with other countries 5. Curiosity

 • 1440 s - Prince Henry the Navigator explored west of Africa •

• 1440 s - Prince Henry the Navigator explored west of Africa • 1487 Bartholomew Dias - rounded the Cape of Good Hope • 1498 Vasco da Gama – reached India ALL PORTUGUESE http: //www. mariner. org/exploration/index. php? page=voyages

What Next? Portugal discovered two things about going around Africa to Asia 1) wasn't

What Next? Portugal discovered two things about going around Africa to Asia 1) wasn't shorter 2) wasn't cheaper

Review for Quiz Define Migration from Asia – Bering Land Bridge What is pre-history?

Review for Quiz Define Migration from Asia – Bering Land Bridge What is pre-history? Native American Culture – diverse, views on land, trade European Culture - Middle Ages. Renaissance, views on land, trade African Culture – slavery, views on land, trade European exploration – motives Portuguese Explorers