Aksum International Trade Sea Routes Mediterranean Sea Red

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Aksum

Aksum

International Trade • Sea Routes: – Mediterranean Sea – Red Sea • Traded with:

International Trade • Sea Routes: – Mediterranean Sea – Red Sea • Traded with: – – – Egypt Arabia Persia India Rome • Sea Port: Adulis

International Culture • Cultural diffusion- blend of cultures from trading partners • Aksumite Religion:

International Culture • Cultural diffusion- blend of cultures from trading partners • Aksumite Religion: Animists – One god- Mahrem – Believed in spirituality of nature and animals • Askum became Christian: – Religion spread through trading – TODAY Ethiopia is primarily Christian

Innovations • Written language • Minted (created) own coins • Terrace farming • Irrigation

Innovations • Written language • Minted (created) own coins • Terrace farming • Irrigation systemscanals, dams, cisterns

Pillars of Aksum • Stone pillars • Built as monuments or tombs • Tall

Pillars of Aksum • Stone pillars • Built as monuments or tombs • Tall buildings with rounded peaks • No doors or windows

Fall of Aksum • Lasted for 800 years until… • Islamic invaders took over

Fall of Aksum • Lasted for 800 years until… • Islamic invaders took over territory and destroyed sea ports • Forced Aksum to move their capital inland, behind mountain range

What was the result? • Left Aksum ISOLATED • No longer able to trade

What was the result? • Left Aksum ISOLATED • No longer able to trade internationally • Poor quality of soil and less natural resources for farming Led to DECLINE of empire as a world power!

Essential Questions 1. How did Aksum’s geographic location help it become successful? 2. How

Essential Questions 1. How did Aksum’s geographic location help it become successful? 2. How did geographic changes lead to Aksum’s downfall? 3. Explain how geography is linked to another empire we studied in school so far this year.