- Slides: 14
Aim #60: What postwar issues did Americans struggle with? Do now! Please read “The Case Against the Reds” and answer the accompanying questions SACCO AND VANZETTI
(I) Nativism a. After WWI, many Americans favored isolationism and nativism (prejudice against foreign-born people) b. Evident in immigration quotas, rise of the Ku Klux Klan c. also led to “Red Scare” An anti-immigrant poster from California Senator James Phelan’s campaign, 1920
(II)The “Red Scare” a. Begun by Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution (1917) b. Fear of communist revolution in the U. S. c. Heightened by 1919 anarchist bombings and a number of strikes (Boston police department, Ohio steel strike of 1919) d. Passage of various sedition laws e. Led to Palmer Raids
Question: What is the perspective of both the cartoonists?
(III)The Palmer Raids a. Led by U. S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer b. Sought to eliminate radical influence in the U. S. c. Many persons jailed or deported illegally d. Rights of many suspects violated e. Soviet “ark”: sent 249 suspected communists back to Russia A. Mitchell Palmer
(IV) Immigration Quotas a. Emergency Quota Act (1921) b. Immigration Act of 1924 1. Limited annual number of immigrants from a nation to 2% of number of immigrants living in the U. S. in 1890 c. Immigration from most Asian nations stopped A cartoon satirizing the quota system
(V) Sacco & Vanzetti i Bartolomeo Vanzetti and Nicola Sacco a. Italian immigrants and draft dodgers Charged with robbery and murder b. Convicted on highly circumstantial evidence c. Sentenced to death d. Many protested convictions and sentence e. Both executed in 1927
DESPITE MASSIVE PROTESTS AROUND THE GLOBE SACCO AND VANZETTI WERE EXECUTED IN AUGUST OF 1927 THE FUNERAL DEATH MASKS
(VII) Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan a. Promoted “ 100% Americanism” b. Opposed Catholics, Jews, immigrants, unions, and socialists, as well as African Americans • Membership swelled to nearly 4. 5 million by 1924 • Leadership paid Klansmen to recruit new members Dr. Hiram Wesley Evans, an Atlanta dentist, headed the resurgent KKK
Exit Ticket 1. Were the fear exhibited by Americans at this time towards immigrants warranted? Provide evidence from your homework and class notes. 2. Do you think violations of civil liberties such as those seen during the Palmer Raids could happen today? Why or why not?