AGRIBUSINESS EXPORT AWARENESS WORKSHOP KWAZULU NATAL 18 NOVEMBER

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AGRIBUSINESS EXPORT AWARENESS WORKSHOP KWAZULU NATAL 18 NOVEMBER 2010 J B CHADWICK CITRUS GROWERS’

AGRIBUSINESS EXPORT AWARENESS WORKSHOP KWAZULU NATAL 18 NOVEMBER 2010 J B CHADWICK CITRUS GROWERS’ ASSOCIATION

12. 5 million KZN – 1. 8 million 7. 5 million 69. 3 million

12. 5 million KZN – 1. 8 million 7. 5 million 69. 3 million KZN 1 million 9. 6 million

REQUIREMENTS TO EXPORT REGISTRATIONS QUALITY SANITARY PHYTOSANITARY PACKAGING SPECIFIC CUSTOMER

REQUIREMENTS TO EXPORT REGISTRATIONS QUALITY SANITARY PHYTOSANITARY PACKAGING SPECIFIC CUSTOMER

REGISTRATION �Food Business Operator ◦ Production Unit Code (PUC) ◦ Packhouse Code (PHC) �Special

REGISTRATION �Food Business Operator ◦ Production Unit Code (PUC) ◦ Packhouse Code (PHC) �Special Export Markets ◦ EU, South Korea, USA, Japan, Taiwan, China (www. daff. gov. za) �Perishable Products Export Control Board (PPECB) �Citrus Growers’ Association

QUALITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT STANDARDS ACT, 1990 (ACT No. 119 OF 1990) STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS

QUALITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT STANDARDS ACT, 1990 (ACT No. 119 OF 1990) STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CONTROL OF THE EXPORT OF CITRUS FRUIT � Colour � Size � Internal ◦ Juice % ◦ Sugar and Acids � Blemishes � Seeds � Cultivar names

Approximate maturity periods of experimental cultivar options for export citrus production for the Nkwaleni

Approximate maturity periods of experimental cultivar options for export citrus production for the Nkwaleni sub-region. Cultivar group Selection March Grapefruit Valencias 9 April May June July August September October 111112222233333 4444 39 0123456789012345678 0123 Jackson. C/G Ray Ruby Henderson Flamingo. C/G Star Ruby late. C/G Benny. C/G Mc. Clean SLP Lavalle. C/G Swartvlei. P

SANITARY �Maximum Residue Limits (MRL’s) ◦ Strictly monitored in developed countries ◦ Recommended Usage

SANITARY �Maximum Residue Limits (MRL’s) ◦ Strictly monitored in developed countries ◦ Recommended Usage Document (pre harvest intervals) �Microbial Contamination ◦ Big issue in USA �Physical Contamination ◦ Glass, wood etc. �SA GAP ◦ Check list and audit

PHYTOSANITARY �Country Specific Protocols ◦ China, Japan, USA, South Korea �Country Specific Legislation ◦

PHYTOSANITARY �Country Specific Protocols ◦ China, Japan, USA, South Korea �Country Specific Legislation ◦ EU, Taiwan, India �Most Significant Phytosanitary Pests ◦ Citrus Black Spot ◦ False Coddling Moth ◦ Fruit Fly

PACKAGING �Cartons ◦ APS Requirements ◦ Industry guidelines �Pallets ◦ ISPM 15 ◦ Industry

PACKAGING �Cartons ◦ APS Requirements ◦ Industry guidelines �Pallets ◦ ISPM 15 ◦ Industry guidelines �Palletisation ◦ Industry guidelines �Containers

SPECIFIC CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS �Certification ◦ Globalgap ◦ Retailer Specific (Natures Choice) ◦ Ethical Audits

SPECIFIC CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS �Certification ◦ Globalgap ◦ Retailer Specific (Natures Choice) ◦ Ethical Audits �% of MRL ◦ German retailers �Packaging �Labelling

COSTS ESTABLISHMENT: R 40 000 – 50 000/Ha FARM COSTS: R 10 – R

COSTS ESTABLISHMENT: R 40 000 – 50 000/Ha FARM COSTS: R 10 – R 15/CARTON PACKING COSTS: R 20 – 30/CARTON T/PORT TO PORT: R 2 – R 4/CARTON PORT COSTS: R 2 – R 4/CARTON SEA FREIGHT: R 25 -R 30/CARTON COMMISSIONS: R 12 – R 15/CARTON IN MKT COSTS: R 25 -R 30/CARTON

EXPORT CITRUS FARMING �Ensure that the location is correct; export quality citrus requires very

EXPORT CITRUS FARMING �Ensure that the location is correct; export quality citrus requires very specific conditions �Decide which markets and ensure that you can meet specifications �Check profitability – do careful budgeting taking into account all scenario’s �Choose service providers carefully – especially transporter, warehousing, export agent, importer �Use quality material and inputs �Be wired into the industry

INTEGRATED PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR EXPORT CITRUS VOLUME 1: CITRICULTURE ESTABLISHMENT �Sub Tropical crop: 20

INTEGRATED PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR EXPORT CITRUS VOLUME 1: CITRICULTURE ESTABLISHMENT �Sub Tropical crop: 20 to 40 degree’s north and south of equator �Well defined cold induced dormancy period �Mild and almost free (never <-3 deg C) �Temperature: 13 deg C (min growth temp) to 39 deg C �Rainfall – no moisture stress during critical growth period �Day length �Solar radiation �Humidity �Wind

www. citrusacademy. co. za 031 3133364 www. citrusres. com 013 7598000 www. cga. co.

www. citrusacademy. co. za 031 3133364 www. citrusres. com 013 7598000 www. cga. co. za 031 7652514