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Aggression • behavior that is intended to harm another person. • 3 Types of Aggression: • Physical (punching, kicking, etc. ) • Verbal (insults, saying hurtful things, etc. ) • Relational (exclusion, intentional avoidance)
Aggression • Anger is an emotion characterized by antagonism toward someone or something you feel has deliberately done you wrong. • It can occur when people don't feel well, feel rejected, feel threatened, or experience some loss. • It is a social emotion; You always have a target that your anger is directed against (even if that target is yourself). Feelings of pain, combined with anger-triggering thoughts motivate you to take action.
Aggression- Benefits of Anger • Anger can also be a substitute emotion. By this we mean that sometimes people make themselves angry so that they don't have to feel pain. • Being angry rather than simply in pain has a number of advantages, primarily among them distraction. • In addition to providing a good smoke screen for feelings of vulnerability, becoming angry also creates a feeling of righteousness, power and moral superiority that is not present when someone is merely in pain.
Aggression- Cost of Anger • Anger does not actually eliminate pain- it just distracts you from it. • Uncontrolled anger can cause outbursts of physical and verbal aggression, leading to the harm of others or oneself. • Anger fuels aggression, and can cause people to do things they could never imagine themselves doing before they were angry.
What Causes Aggression? • Social Learning (Bobo Doll Experiment, Stanford Prison Experiment ) • Psychotic Illnesses • Cognitive Problems • Stress/Emotional Illness
Aggression • Exposure to violence in media increases the likelihood of aggression in individuals • Contrarily, some forms of violent video games have actually decreased feelings of aggression in individuals (Catharsis)