Adverb Adverb part of adjective speech verb adverb
Adverb ক ক বল ? Adverb একট part of adjective speech য একট verb, অথব অনয একট adverb ক বরণন কর । এট কখন? /ক থ য় ? / ক ভ ব ? / ক উপ য় ? / এব ক পর ম ণ ? এই পরশনগল র উততর দ য় । An adverb is a word that describes a verb, adjective or another adverb. Adverbs mainly modify manner, place, time, frequency, etc. It answers questions like when? /where? /how? / in what way? / and to what extent?
Classification/ Types of Adverbs: �Adverbs can be classified in different ways. These are discussed below. �Adverb ক ব ভ ননভ ব ব ভক ত কর য য় । এগল ন চ বরণন কর হল । �· Adverb of time �· Adverb of place �· Adverb of manner �· Adverb of frequency �· Affirmative or Negative Adverb
Adverb of time: � য adverb ক নক ছ কখন/ক ন সময় ঘট ছ ত বরণন /উলল খ কর ত ক Adverb of time বল । এট sentence এর শরত অথব শ ষ বযবহত হয় । � An adverb which tells us when something is done is called Adverb of time. It can be used at the beginning or the end of a sentence. � Adverbs of time: Yesterday, today, afterward, always, immediately, last month, now, soon, etc are common. � Examples: � o I will go to the varsity today. � o Always speak the truth. � o I should go there immediately.
Adverb of place: � য adverb ক নক ছ ক থ য় ঘট ছ ত উল ল খ কর ত ক Adverb of place বল । এট verb এর পর , direct object হ স ব অথব sentence এর শরত ব যবহত হয় । � An adverb which tells us where something is done or happened is called Adverb of place. It can be used after the verb as a direct object or at the beginning of a sentence. � Adverbs of place: Here, above, below, under, upstairs, there, over there, etc. � Examples: � o I will go upstairs to see her. � o I like to have my lunch here. � o They are sitting under the tree.
Adverb of manner: �য adverb ক ন ক ছ ক ভ ব হয়/হচ ছ /হব ত বযখয /উলল খ কর ত ক Adverb of manner বল । �An adverb which tells us how something is done is called Adverb of manner. �Most of these adverbs have “ly” at its end such as, quickly, slowly, happily, badly, etc. Fast, hard, well, etc. are also adverbs of manner. �Examples: �o Inflation badly affected our economy. �o The man has to work hard to get a promotion. �o I tried to sing well in the program.
Adverb of degree: �য adverb ক ন ক ছ ক পর ম ণ /কতটক ঘট ছ ত ব ঝ য় ত ক Adverb of degree বল । �An adverb which tells us the level or the extent that something is done is called Adverb of degree. �Adverbs of degree: So, very, quite, really, too, almost, much, nearly, etc. �Examples: �o The work is almost done. �o The book is really interesting. �o I am very happy to hear this good news.
Adverb of frequency: �য adverb ক নক ছ কতব র ব কত সময় পরপর হয় ত ব ঝ য় ত ক Adverb of frequency বল । �An adverb which tells us how often something is done is called Adverb of frequency. �Adverbs of frequency: Weekly, twice, sometimes, never, always, generally, usually, nearly, again, ever, hardly ever, etc. �Examples: �o I have never been to that place. �o Always wear a smile on your face. �o Sometimes I feel nostalgic while listening to an old song.
Affirmative or Negative Adverb: �এট ক নক ছ সতয ক ম থয ত বল অথব ক ন ক ছর উপর গর তব আর প কর । �It tells whether a thing is true or false or it emphasizes a matter. Truly, Especially, never, etc. are examples of affirmative or negative adverbs. �Examples: �o Truly, I want her to be here. �o She especially mentioned her name. �o Never tell a lie.
What Do Adverbs Modify? �An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (he sings loudly), an adjective (very tall), another adverb (ended too quickly), or even a whole sentence (Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella). Adverbs often end in -ly, but some (such as fast) look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts. �o Tom Longboat did not run badly. �o Tom is very tall. �o The race finished too quickly. �o Fortunately, Lucy recorded Tom’s win.
Identifying an Adverb: �· She quickly washed the dishes. �You can tell that these words are adverbs because they're describing the verbs in the sentence and they end in -ly. So, you can tell whether or not a word is an adverb by considering its function in the sentence. If it is describing a verb, adjective or other adverb it's an adverb. �Let's talk a little bit more about that -ly ending. We've compiled a list of 100 adverbs, and you'll see that many of them end in -ly. While that's a popular way to identify these modifiers, it's important to remember that isn't
� universally true. Don't forget adverbs such as "always", "often", "sometimes", "seldom", and "never. " You've also got conjunctive adverbs such as "also, " "besides, " "meanwhile, " and "likewise. " � But, since the -ly form is very common let's keep the party going with a few more examples: � · The dog messily ate his dinner. � · I happily handed in my test. � � Many high-frequency words are also adverbs. For example, "very, " "much, " "more, " and "many" can all be adverbs. � · The puppy's behavior was very bad. � · The much smarter boy won the spelling bee. � · I so want to go to that concert tonight.
Common Errors with Adverbs and Adjectives � Since adverbs and adjectives both modify other words, people often mistakenly use an adjective when they should use an adverb and vice versa. For example, the following sentence is incorrect: � · He behaved very bad on the field trip. � This is incorrect because "bad" is an adjective being used to describe "behaved, " which is a verb. It should read: � · He behaved very badly on the field trip. � On the other hand, this would be correct: � · His behavior was bad on the field trip. � Here, the adjective "bad" is correctly describing the noun "behavior. " � Good and Well
Good and Well �The words good and well are common triggers to the adverb vs. adjective confusion. It's important to remember this: �· Good is an adjective that modifies nouns. For example: That good boy (n. ) just gave his little sister a hug. �· Well is an adverb that modifies verbs or even adjectives. For example: He listens (v. ) well. �That well educated (adj) woman went on to marry a celebrity.