Advancing Youth Futures SM Child Abuse Council Spring

  • Slides: 35
Download presentation
Advancing Youth Futures SM Child Abuse Council Spring Conference North Central Michigan College Petoskey,

Advancing Youth Futures SM Child Abuse Council Spring Conference North Central Michigan College Petoskey, Michigan April 25, 2014 © The Legacy Center for Community Success

Advancing Youth Futures • Advancing Youth Futures (AYF) began in Midland County with request

Advancing Youth Futures • Advancing Youth Futures (AYF) began in Midland County with request by Probate Court Judge (Juvenile Court) Dorene Allen to “get inside the heads of my court wards and find out what makes them tick!” • AYF program developed and implemented that in the past 5 years has – Reduced delinquency >50% – Reduced re-offense rate by >70% – Reduced offenses by younger siblings from >40% to <5% – Saved $3 million – Improved multiple adolescent health outcomes 2

Advancing Youth Futures What is Advancing Youth Futures (AYF)? Comprehensive, integrated, and systemic approach

Advancing Youth Futures What is Advancing Youth Futures (AYF)? Comprehensive, integrated, and systemic approach to reducing adolescent youths’ risk-taking behaviors to improve delinquent and health-related outcomes • AYF Components – Base line assessment of Developmental Assets and Risk. Taking Behaviors – Regression analysis to determine most impactful elements – Enhancements/development of youth-oriented programs – Program evaluations and adjustments – Evaluation of delinquent and health-related outcomes – Follow-up assessment of Developmental Assets and Risk. Taking Behaviors 3

Advancing Youth Futures • What are Developmental Assets? – Model originated by Search Institute

Advancing Youth Futures • What are Developmental Assets? – Model originated by Search Institute – Based on 40 positive character traits or attributes that youth should possess – 20 External Assets—Relationships and opportunities that young people experience in their families, schools and communities – 20 Internal Assets—Competencies and values that youth develop internally to guide behaviors and choices 4

Advancing Youth Futures What is the base line assessment of Developmental Assets and Risk-Taking

Advancing Youth Futures What is the base line assessment of Developmental Assets and Risk-Taking Behaviors? • 160 question survey • Measures: − 40 Developmental Assets − 24 Risk-Taking Behaviors − 5 Deficits − 8 Thriving Behaviors − 10 High-Risk Behaviors • Provides evidence-based research on adolescent development and comprehensive profiles of youth 5

Advancing Youth Futures 2 Studies in Midland County (2006 and 2011) Demographics of 2011

Advancing Youth Futures 2 Studies in Midland County (2006 and 2011) Demographics of 2011 Study • Participants (Midland County Public School 6 th-12 th Graders ) – 3, 007 Girls – 3, 028 Boys 6, 035 Total (86% participation) [vs. ~81% in 2006] • 68 of 6, 103 (1. 1%) Surveys discarded for irregularities – Inconsistent responses – Guessing – Incomplete responses • 3 -7% discarded nationally • Estimated error < ± 1% 6

Advancing Youth Futures 24 Risk-Taking Behaviors Evaluated • • • Alcohol Use Binge Drinking

Advancing Youth Futures 24 Risk-Taking Behaviors Evaluated • • • Alcohol Use Binge Drinking Marijuana Use Smokeless Tobacco Use Illegal Drug Use Driving While Drinking Sexual Intercourse Vandalism Inhalant Use Smoking Shoplifting Using a Weapon Eating Disorders Skipping School Gambling Depression Getting into Trouble Hitting Another Person Hurting Another Person Fighting in Groups Carrying a Weapon for Protection Threatening to Cause Physical Harm • Attempting Suicide • Riding with an Impaired Driver • • • 7

Risk-Taking Behaviors Versus Assets More Developmental Assets Number of Risk-Taking Behaviors 10 9 8.

Risk-Taking Behaviors Versus Assets More Developmental Assets Number of Risk-Taking Behaviors 10 9 8. 8 Results in Fewer Risk-Taking Behaviors 2006 Results 2011 Results 8. 4 8 7 6 4. 8 5 4. 3 4 3 2. 1 1. 6 2 0. 7 1 0. 5 0 0 -10 Assets 11 -20 Assets 21 -30 Assets Number of Developmental Assets 31 -40 Assets 8

Advancing Youth Futures • Education about negative consequences of Risk-Taking behaviors is the standard

Advancing Youth Futures • Education about negative consequences of Risk-Taking behaviors is the standard approach but is mostly ineffective – Gain from the Risk-Taking behavior is immediate – Negative consequences are deferred and only probable or even likely, but never certain • Developmental Assets analogous to vaccinations – More Developmental Assets; Fewer Risk-Taking behaviors • There is a likely hierarchy of Developmental Assets – Certain ones mitigate specific Risk-Taking Behaviors – Analogous to specific vaccines utilized for specific diseases 9

Advancing Youth Futures How do we determine which Developmental Assets are most important for

Advancing Youth Futures How do we determine which Developmental Assets are most important for programs to emphasize? • Regression analysis allows us to see which of the 40 Developmental Assets have the greatest impact on a specific risk behavior • The results vary somewhat for each risk behavior but with consistent findings • “Top tier” Developmental Assets that affect all risk-taking behaviors • “Second tier” Developmental Assets specific to certain individual risk-taking behaviors 10

11

11

Advancing Youth Futures • Assets grow from birth through 6 th grade owing to

Advancing Youth Futures • Assets grow from birth through 6 th grade owing to positive influence of “institutions” • Assets decline from 6 th-12 th grade owing to influence of “peers” – Consequence of normal maturation – Adolescents tend to push back/resist guidance of “institutions” – Adolescents more accepting of advice of “peers” 12

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors • • • Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana Illicit Drugs Drinking

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors • • • Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana Illicit Drugs Drinking and Driving/Riding Sex Antisocial Behavior Violence Gambling Top Tier Assets • • Positive Peers Restraint Resistance Skills Adult Role Models 13

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors • • • Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana Illicit Drugs Drinking

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors • • • Alcohol Tobacco Marijuana Illicit Drugs Drinking and Driving/Riding Sex Antisocial Behavior Violence Gambling Second Tier Assets • • • Adult Role Models School Engagement Bonding to School Time at Home Achievement Motivation Honesty 14

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors Top Tier Assets • Depression • Suicidal Behavior •

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behaviors Top Tier Assets • Depression • Suicidal Behavior • Eating Disorder • Self-esteem • Sense of Purpose • Positive Peers 15

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behavior Second Tier Assets • Depression • Suicidal Behavior •

Regression Analysis Results Risk-Taking Behavior Second Tier Assets • Depression • Suicidal Behavior • • • Personal Power Family Support Community Values Youth Safety Youth as Resources Positive View of Personal Future 16

Advancing Youth Futures • Regression Analysis indicates that the most impactful Developmental Assets overall

Advancing Youth Futures • Regression Analysis indicates that the most impactful Developmental Assets overall are − Positive Peers − Restraint (Risk avoidance) − Resistance (Refusing to participate when offered) − Adult Role Models • Developmental Assets that most directly affect Positive Peers are − Creative Activities − Organized Youth Activities − Faith-Based Activities 17

Advancing Youth Futures Common Characteristics of Creative, Youth and Faith-Based Activities • Increase probability

Advancing Youth Futures Common Characteristics of Creative, Youth and Faith-Based Activities • Increase probability of association with other wholesome youth • Expend time and energy • Include imposed structure or rules • Associated with adult role models • Provide opportunity for adult role models to “coach”—i. e. , give advice that is more likely to be heeded 18

Advancing Youth Futures Recent research findings about teens (Laurence Steinberg, Distinguished University Professor and

Advancing Youth Futures Recent research findings about teens (Laurence Steinberg, Distinguished University Professor and Laura H. Carnell Professor of Psychology, Temple University) • Teens value rewards much more than concerns about negative consequences • They are significantly more apt to take risks • The influence of friends profoundly affects their behavioral choices “Think of it as an equation where consequences aren’t given the weight they should be. And when teens are around friends, that throws off the equation even more. ” --Laurence Steinberg, National Geographic, October 201119

Advancing Youth Futures Risk Preference Index Higher 100 Risk Preference 90 80 70 60

Advancing Youth Futures Risk Preference Index Higher 100 Risk Preference 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 Lower 10 Risk Preference 0 10 -11 12 -13 14 -15 16 -17 18 -19 20 -22 23 -25 26 -30 Age Laurence Steinberg, Temple University (2011) 20

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant improvement overall in Developmental Assets

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant improvement overall in Developmental Assets compared to 2006 (+15% Average Increase) – 32 Increased – 2 Remained the same – 6 Decreased • Significant reduction overall in Risk-Taking Behaviors – Developmental Asset-building programs appear to be gaining traction – Developmental Assets “immunizing” youth against Risk-Taking Behaviors • Significant improvement in Key Developmental Assets – – Positive Peers [71 76%] Resistance [46 51%] Restraint [52 56%] Adult Role Models [31 33%] 21

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant improvement in School- and Family.

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant improvement in School- and Family. Related Developmental Assets School-Related – Caring School Climate [36 38%] – School Boundaries [52 56%] – Bonding to School [65 70%] – Homework [51 54%] Family-Related – Parent Involvement in Schools [33 36%] – Family Boundaries [49 50%] – Time at Home [61 63%] – Family Support [69 71%] 22

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant reduction in Substance Abusive Risk.

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant reduction in Substance Abusive Risk. Taking Behaviors Alcohol – Drunk in past 2 weeks [16 11%] – Used in past 30 days [26 18%] – Drove after drinking [9 6%] – Rode with drinking driver [31 26%] Marijuana – Used in past 12 months [18 16%] Tobacco – Smoked in past 30 days [13 10%] Other Illicit Drugs (Cocaine, Heroin, Amphetamines, LSD and PCP) – Used once in past 12 months [8 6%] 23

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant reduction in Anti-Social Risk-Taking Behaviors

Advancing Youth Futures 2011 Findings vs. 2006 • Significant reduction in Anti-Social Risk-Taking Behaviors – – – Hit someone [32 25%] In group fight [18 13%] In trouble with police [16 14%] Vandalism [15 11%] Shoplifted [17 12%] Attempted Suicide [14 11%] Depressed [15 14%] Eating Disorders [14 12%] Gambled [28 19%] Truant [22 21%] Threatened to harm others [27 23%] 24

Advancing Youth Futures • Developmental Assets approach applied to reducing delinquent behavior in Midland

Advancing Youth Futures • Developmental Assets approach applied to reducing delinquent behavior in Midland County by Judge Dorene Allen • Adopted evidence-based Developmental Asset-building programs among Midland County Court Wards • Significant collaboration among community youth-serving agencies in providing Developmental Asset-building programs 25

Advancing Youth Futures Strong Collaboration among Midland County youth-serving funders and organizations • Foundations/United

Advancing Youth Futures Strong Collaboration among Midland County youth-serving funders and organizations • Foundations/United Way/Civic Clubs • Midland County Schools (all districts) • City and County Governments • Juvenile Care Center • Community Mental Health for Central Michigan • Greater Midland Community Centers (all locations) • West Midland Family Center • Creative 360 • ROCK Youth Center • • • Shelterhouse Big Brothers/Big Sisters Library Midland Center for the Arts Family & Children’s Services Midland Area Partnership for Drug Free Youth Boy/Girl Scouts 4 -H Faith-based Community Private Providers Others 26

Advancing Youth Futures • Extending concept by applying it to improve youth health outcomes

Advancing Youth Futures • Extending concept by applying it to improve youth health outcomes • Address social determinants of Risk-Taking behaviors • Focus on Prevention versus Treatment – Initial results are most encouraging • Reductions in – Alcohol and drug influenced car crashes – Teen pregnancy and STD rates – Hospital admissions for depression, eating disorders and suicide 27 attempts

Midland County Youth Master Plan THE BIG PICTURE Physical Health Social, Emotional & Spiritual

Midland County Youth Master Plan THE BIG PICTURE Physical Health Social, Emotional & Spiritual Health Education Basic Needs & Safety GOALS Enhance parenting education Inform and engage the community Increase access to youth programs and services Increase collaboration and community partnerships Build Developmental Assets in our youth 28

Advancing Youth Futures Points to remember • More Developmental Assets = Fewer Risk-Taking Behavior

Advancing Youth Futures Points to remember • More Developmental Assets = Fewer Risk-Taking Behavior • On average, Developmental Assets decline in adolescence • Certain Developmental Assets affect Risk-Taking Behaviors more than others • Youth-serving programs positively influence the level of Developmental Assets • Participation in the Advancing Youth Futures system will improve adolescent outcomes within 29 the community

Advancing Youth Futures How do you strengthen Developmental Assets for all young people? •

Advancing Youth Futures How do you strengthen Developmental Assets for all young people? • • • All young people need Developmental Assets Everyone can build Developmental Assets Building Developmental Assets is an ongoing process Relationships are crucial Send consistent messages Repeat the message – again and again 30

Advancing Youth Futures System Summary Conduct Developmental Assets Survey Conduct Regression Analysis ~ 5

Advancing Youth Futures System Summary Conduct Developmental Assets Survey Conduct Regression Analysis ~ 5 Years Track and Evaluate Youth Outcomes Enhance/ Develop Youth. Serving Programs Evaluate/Adjust Programs (Developmental Assets Profile) 31

Advancing Youth Futures • Recommendations for consideration – Complete Developmental Assets survey among 6

Advancing Youth Futures • Recommendations for consideration – Complete Developmental Assets survey among 6 th -12 th graders – Complete regression analysis to determine most impactful Developmental Assets – Consult on/evaluate programmatic improvements that promote desired Developmental Assets – Track adolescent behavioral progress – Repeat survey in ~5 years 32

Advancing Youth Futures What questions may I address? For further information, contact Richard Dolinski

Advancing Youth Futures What questions may I address? For further information, contact Richard Dolinski The Legacy Center for Community Success 3200 James Savage Road Midland, MI 48642 Tel. 989. 496. 1425 E-mail: [email protected] 4 cs. org 33

Internal Developmental Assets 2011 Vs. 2006 26 27 Reading for Pleasure Planning & Decision

Internal Developmental Assets 2011 Vs. 2006 26 27 Reading for Pleasure Planning & Decision Making 30 33 39 41 Cultural Competence Resistance Skills 46 48 46 Developmental Assets Personal Power Self-Esteerm 47 51 Caring 51 47 48 48 49 48 Peaceful Conflict Resolution 51 Homework 51 Interpersonal Competence Equality and Social Justice Restraint 2011 Results 2006 Results 51 54 54 52 Sense of Purpose 56 59 School Engagement 60 64 67 Responsibility 65 63 Bonding to School 65 70 Integrity 67 Honesty 67 Acheivement Motivation 71 70 69 Positive View of Personal Future 74 72 0 10 20 30 40 Percent 50 60 70 75 80 34

External Developmental Assets 2011 Vs. 2006 19 Creative Activities Developmental Assets Community Values Youth

External Developmental Assets 2011 Vs. 2006 19 Creative Activities Developmental Assets Community Values Youth 22 26 29 Adult Role Models 31 Youth as Resources 31 34 Parent Involvement in Schools 33 Positive Family Communications 33 Caring School Climate 2011 Results 2006 Results 33 36 35 36 38 39 40 Caring Neighborhoods Other Adult Relationships 48 50 Family Boundaries 50 49 Neighborhood Boundaries 50 High Expectations 50 School Boundaries 53 54 58 52 56 54 55 Service to Others Religious Community 58 57 58 Safety Youth Programs 61 61 Time at Home 61 Family Support 63 69 Positive Peer Influence 71 71 0 10 20 30 40 Percent 50 60 70 76 35 80