Adjectives and Adverbs By Alexis Kitchens
Adjectives � Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns by answering questions such as: what kind is it? , how many are there? , Which one is it? � Adjective can be a single word, a phrase or a clause � Adjectives usually are placed before nouns they describe � Ex: what kind: a towel that is still warm from the dryer is more comforting than a hot fudge sundae how many : eleven unconfident students walked into the classroom and took the challenging test. which one: the most unhealthy item from the fast food place is the bacon burger, which will slime your hands with grease.
Punctuating adjectives � To describe a noun fully you might need 2 or more adjectives to do so � If you have more than one adjectives it usually requires commas � If the adjectives are coordinate you must use commas to list the adjectives � If the adjectives are non-coordinate no commas are necessary � Ex: coordinate: the tall, creamy, delicious milkshake melted on the counter. � Non-coordinate: Jeanne's two fat Siamese cats hog the electric blanket. � There also two types of adjectives: comparative and superlative adjectives � both of these are used to compare things
Comparative adjectives � Comparative adjectives compare two people, places or things so we can see if they’re the same or different � Can form comparative adjectives two ways. You can add -er to the end of the adjective or you can use more or less before it. � However you cannot use both ways and be grammatical correct. So you cannot say more taller or more smarter � One-syllable words generally have –er at the end � Ex: Sam is smaller than Mathew � Two syllable words vary � Ex: Kelly is lazier than an old dog. or Marvin is more handsome than a movie star. � If a adjective has three or more syllables use more or less � Ex: Heather is more compassionate than anyone I
Superlative adjectives � Superlative adjectives describe three or more people, places or things � Can form superlative adjectives two different ways. You can add –est to the end of the adjective or you can use most or least. � However you violate another grammatical rule if you say most brightest, most happiest and least angriest � one syllable words generally use –est at the ends � Ex: Nigel is the tallest in the class � Two syllable words vary � Ex: She is the most gorgeous person in the school or these chips are the crispiest I have ever had � With adjectives with three or more syllables use more or least � Ex: the most frustrating experience of Desiree’s day was the piles of homework she had
Adverbs �Adverbs are used to modify verbs then tell us when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent an action is performed �Most adverbs end in a –ly particularly those that are used to expressed how an action is performed �there are thousands of adverbs and each can be categorized in many groupings �Adverbs can modify adjectives and other adverbs can also modify adjectives , other adverbs, and verbs �Ex: The heavenly blue light shone in the water
Types of Adverbs �There are many grouping of adverbs such as the following �Adverbs of time: press the button now , I have never been, I tell him daily �Adverbs of place: daises grow everywhere , I did not put it there �Adverbs of manner: he passed the re-sit easily , The lion crawled stealthily �Adverbs of degree: that is the farthest I have ever jumped, He boxed more cleverly
Flat adverbs � Flat adverbs are adjectives that do not change form (add –ly) to become adverbs � Ex: early, late, hard, fast, long, high, low, deep, near � To determine whether these words are functioning as adjectives or adverbs one must ask 1) What the word is describing(noun or verb) 2) What question the word is answering � Early as a adjective: the early train arrives at 8: 45 a. m. (early describes the noun train and answers the question “which one? ” � Early as a adverb: the 8: 45 a. m. train arrived early. (early describes the verb arrived answers the question “when? ”
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Cited sources �"Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives. " ESL / EFL Resources. N. p. , n. d. Web. 01 Sept. 2013.