ADAPTATION FUNDING Ambassador Enele Sopoaga for sustained capacity

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ADAPTATION FUNDING Ambassador Enele Sopoaga for sustained capacity building in support of international climate

ADAPTATION FUNDING Ambassador Enele Sopoaga for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales sur les changements climatiques european capacity building initiative ecbi european capacity building initiative européenne de renforcement des ecbi

european capacity building initiative ecbi Recognising that: • Adaptation to the impacts of climate

european capacity building initiative ecbi Recognising that: • Adaptation to the impacts of climate change is key to poverty eradication and sustainable development; • Assisting developing countries, particularly the poor and the most vulnerable countries, cope with their adaptation needs due to the impacts of climate change is an obligation under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. • The devastations already impacted and predicted on developing countries, due to climate change are serious and life threatening;

 • There is a genuine need to urgently explore means of adequately addressing

• There is a genuine need to urgently explore means of adequately addressing the adaptation funding needs of developing countries in a sustainable long term basis. • There is also a need to carefully and timely consider issues of governance of adaptation funding and particularly that of the Adaptation Fund to ensure equitable representation of developing countries in its governance, expediency of project approvals, and effective implementation of real adaptation on the ground. european capacity building initiative ecbi Recognising that:

european capacity building initiative ecbi Adaptation Funding Needs • On recent assessments, adaptation funding

european capacity building initiative ecbi Adaptation Funding Needs • On recent assessments, adaptation funding needs of developing countries will amount to tens of billions of dollars a year (World Bank, Oxfam and UNFCCC); • So far only a few hundred million dollars is available from “voluntary” funding sources – (LDCF, SCCF, SGP/GEF, SPA/GEF and bilateral); • A huge gap exists between the adaptation funding needs and the actual funding available – means to fill this huge gap needs to be explored in earnest;

european capacity building initiative ecbi Sources for Adaptation Funding • Contributions from developed countries

european capacity building initiative ecbi Sources for Adaptation Funding • Contributions from developed countries to honour their obligations to assist meet the adaptation needs of developing countries, based on responsibility but without creating rights or pressure on how or where funding is spent; • Adaptation funding needs to be de-linked from “aid/charity” thinking and linked to “polluterpays/obligations” paradigm – adaptation assistance is not ODA;

european capacity building initiative ecbi Sources for Adaptation Funding • The “Adaptation Levy” can

european capacity building initiative ecbi Sources for Adaptation Funding • The “Adaptation Levy” can be the basis of such de -linking and can be used to be applied to other flexible mechanisms (JI and ET) as well as to other emission activities – including levy on airfares, and aviation and maritime freight; • Levy higher than 2% on JI and ET activities should be considered as source for adaptation funding; • The “Adaptation Fund” can be the vehicle for such an expanded levy-based adaptation funding mechanism;

 • Adaptation (including funding) needs to be a “top-level” negotiating issue in the

• Adaptation (including funding) needs to be a “top-level” negotiating issue in the dialogues/negotiations between Annex I and NAI – the upcoming UN High Level Event on Climate Change, the G 8 Summit, and others need to be taken advantage of to advocate strongly the issue of adaptation funding; european capacity building initiative ecbi Sources for Adaptation Funding

european capacity building initiative ecbi Governance of the Adaptation Fund • Recognising that the

european capacity building initiative ecbi Governance of the Adaptation Fund • Recognising that the AF has to be seen as a substantial mechanism considering its scopes and potentials, ensuring its proper Governance is of critical importance • The Nairobi COP/MOP 2 decision (5/CMP 2) must not be compromised n particular Para 1 (e) on the “authority of the COP/MOP”, and Para 3 on the membership of the governing body; • The COP/MOP should constitute the voting constituency for the Adaptation Fund; Parties should have the right to request a vote;

european capacity building initiative ecbi Governance of the Adaptation Fund • The governing body

european capacity building initiative ecbi Governance of the Adaptation Fund • The governing body of the Adaptation Fund should be responsible for making available information relevant to its decisions in a timely and transparent manner, in particular to UNFCCC focal points; • Taking into account the importance of expeditious approval of projects and complementarity of funding sources, a dedicated new body and structure should be created the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol could be taken as a good example (Some developing countries are considering proposals)