- Slides: 52
A Short History of the World Wide Web
This short version of the evolution of the World Wide Web states some of the most important and meaningful events that have made the web what it is today: A Platform Used by 2, 802, 478, 934 People Worldwide!
Summary Creation of Internet First Browser was written First hyperlink was created Involved only scientists, CERN and some businesses Growth and Regulations Web 2. 0 Era The internet opened for commerce and public use Interactive Websites appeared marking the beginning of Web 2. 0 W 3 C established internet regulations for all SEO appeared, looking to optimise information within search engines Popular websites started shaping the Web 1. 0 Browsers started competing for market share More Browsers Appeared Search Engines were born to organise information Web is now used by everyone: young, old and even royalties
Why Talking About The WWW Because the World Wide Web achieved tremendous success since its creation. It is also a good way to celebrate its 25 th anniversary!
What Made the Internet Possible? The ability to connect individual documents on the web through browsers and hyperlinks.
1989 On the left is our timeline starting in 1989.
The World Wide Web 1989 Tim Berners-Lee wrote the World Wide Web (later renamed to Nexus to avoid confusion between the software and the World Wide Web) making the first connection between web documents. This was established over what is today known as the Internet References www. asiantribune. com
First Browser 1989 The first Web Browser, called “World. Wide. Web”, used a ‘hyperlink’ through which by people could ‘navigate’ from one document to another. References W 3 http: //www. w 3. org/People/Berners-Lee/World. Wide. Web. html http: //info. cern. ch/hypertext/WWW/The. Project. html
The Hypertext 1989 Instead of many individual documents, the web was now able to make connections. The World. Wide. Web (W 3) allowed a widearea hypermedia information offering access to a large universe of information. References http: //www. nethistory. info/History%20 of%20 the%20 Internet/web. html
Websites Started to Connect • Document 1 • Document 2 Website • Document 1 • Document 2 • Document 1 • Document 2 Website
The Browser 1989 This is what the browser used to look like References Image credits http: //www. w 3. org/People/Berners-Lee/World. Wide. Web. html
Web 1. 0 Began to Develop From now, information become more interconnected, websites started growing in popularity, the web opened to business and the public. 1999 References Web 1. 0 The term was coined in 1999 by Darcy Di Nucci and was popularized by Tim O'Reilly at the O'Reilly Media
Who Was The Web For Scientists, CERN Created online documents /websites Businesses Government Opened Websites/ Public Page Started having public information published on the web Users owing a desktop
The Web Opened for Commerce 1989 The first commercial dialup ISP (internet service provider) in the United States was The World, which is still active today. On the right is what The World used to look like in 1989 References http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/The_World_(Internet_service_provider)
Marketing Adopts Digital Trends 1990 The first company to adopt digital marketing strategy was Apple in 1987. The term ‘Digital Marketing' appeared later, around 1990 s, to describe the engagement with stakeholders through the use of electronic devices. References Mashable http: //mashable. com/2012/09/25/the-evolution-of-digital-advertisinginfographic/ Image credits artfashion. am
The Web Becomes Public 1993 April 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web technology would be available for anyone to use on a royalty-free basis. This is how the public web used to look like then. References http: //webfoundation. org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/
First Public Web Browser 1993 Mosaic was the web browser credited with popularizing the World Wide Web and this is how it used to look like then. . . References http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/World. Wide. Web http: //home. web. cern. ch/topics/birth-web
The Web Consortium 1994 To regulate the Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium. W 3 C gives technical support and guidelines that aims to maximise consensus about the web content and to ensure high standards. References http: //www. w 3. org/People/Berners-Lee/ http: //www. w 3. org/standards/
Yahoo was Launched 1994 Yahoo! Inc. , one of the most important multinational Internet corporations, was launched by Jerry Yang and David Filo in Sunnyvale, California. This is what Yahoo! Used to look back then… References This is what Yahoo’s interface used to look like back in 2006 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-lookedwhen-they-launched. html
Amazon was Launched 1994 Amazon, one of the most important electronic commerce websites was founded by Jeff Bezos, where everyone could sell products. Today Amazon is the largest Internet based companies in the US, and this is what it used to look like in 1994… References This is what Amazon’s interface used to look like back in 1994 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-lookedwhen-they-launched. html
Netscape Release Netscape, once dominant browser, was founded in 1995. In the firs web browser war Netscape lost to Internet Explorer Netscape in 1995 References http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Netscape http: //isp. netscape. com/ Netscape Today
More Browsers Were Born Opera and Internet Explorer, other popular web browsers, were first released in 1995. That’s what was their interface back then… 1995 References http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Netscape http: //isp. netscape. com/
1996 Google Came to Be 1996 Google, the most popular search engine in the West, began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both Ph. D students at Stanford University in Stanford, California. Google looked quite different in 1996… References This is what Google’s interface used to look like back in 1996 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-lookedwhen-they-launched. html
Baidu was Launched 2000 Baidu, the most popular search engine in Asia, was founded on 18 th of January 2000, by Robin Li. This it is what the Chinese web services company looked like in 2000.
Web 2. 0 Started Developing This meant that the web become from broadcasting platform a two way interaction media through use of blogs, applications and social media channels. 1999 References Web 1. 0 The term was coined in 1999 by Darcy Di Nucci and was popularized by Tim O'Reilly at the O'Reilly Media http: //computer. howstuffworks. com/web-101. htm
Web 2. 0 Made of Relationships Businesses Public Bodies Web Users
Web 1. o vs. Web 2. 0 Websites Documents Web Platform Organisations Web User
References O'Reilly Media Web 1. 0 Web 2. 0 Double. Click Google Ad. Sense Ofoto Flickr Akamai Bit. Torrent mp 3. com Napster Britannica Online Wikipedia personal websites blogging evite upcoming. org and EVDB domain name speculation search engine optimization page views cost per click screen scraping web services publishing participation content management systems wikis directories (taxonomy) tagging ("folksonomy") stickiness syndication
Web Was on Mobile… Ericsson R 380 was a GSM (Global System for Mobile) mobile phone made by Ericsson Mobile Communications 2000 It was the first device marketed as a "smartphone"
Wikipedia was Launched One of the first websites that allowed people to have a more interactive relationship with the Web. The free-access/free content Internet encyclopaedia is supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. 2001 This is how the website’s logo changed over the years… References www. logoinlogo. com
Myspace was launched One of the first social media platforms and one of the main contributors to the evolution of the Web was Myspace. The social network service, with strong music emphasis was founded by Tom Anderson and Chris De. Wolfe. It looked like that… 2003 Today it’s owned by Specific Media LLC and pop music singer and actor Justin Timberlake References This is what My. Space’s interface used to look like back in 2003 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-looked-when-they -launched. html
Safari was Launched Safari, Apple’s browser, was Launched in 2003 by Steve Jobs. 2003 Competition between browsers increased, giving users improved experience, service and offering more choices. References Video: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=T_ZNXQujg. Xw https: //www. apple. com/uk/safari/
Word Press was Founded One of the first and most important CMS (content management systems) based on PHP and My. SQL was founded in 2003 and it looked like this… 2003 The free and open source blogging tool, which also characterised the Web 2. 0, is today used by over 409 million people each month! References http: //en. wordpress. com/stats/
Digital Jobs Were Created New jobs were created through the use of internet to satisfy commercial or private demand on the market. Many marketing agencies were founded and offered a combination of services for the Web growth. 2003 References http: //www. fingo. co. uk/who-we-are/
Firefox was Released Firefox, one of the most popular and used browsers today, was launched in 2004 looking like this… The browser has over 7% market share today. 2004 References http: //www. netmarketshare. com/browser-market-share. aspx? qprid=2&qpcustomd=0
Browsers Market Share Today References http: //www. netmarketshare. com/browser-market-share. aspx? qprid=2&qpcustomd=0
(the) Facebook was Founded Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew Mc. Collum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes created the largest today social media network at the Harvard University. It was named the Facebook and it looked like this 2004 References This is what Facebook’s interface used to look like back in 2004 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-looked-when-they -launched. html
Responsive Design Since Web was now accessed through various platforms, there was a need to adapt the website technology accordingly. 2004 In 2004 Responsive Design was born, written by Cameron Adams to adapt a site's layout to a device's display References http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Responsive_web_design http: //www. fingo. co. uk/blog/detail/responsive-design. -youve-probably-heard-it-mentionednow-let-us-explain-it/
WST Was Launched To further support the growing digital phenomena, Tim Berners-Lee and colleagues started the Web Science Trust (WST) 2005 References webscience. me
You Tube Was Founded The service was created by three former Pay. Pal employees in February 2005 and has been owned by Google since late 2006. 2005 References History of You Tube’s Layout https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=4 ck. PPOpq. NVc
SEO Became a Web Practice SEO started emerging as a practice of optimising information for search engines. 2006 Dr. Clinton Cimring, is credited by Google as being the person who invented the idea of SEO 2. 0 and was the first person to launch the approach under SEO Treo in 2006. References http: //www. searchenginejournal. com/who-invented-the-term-search-engine-optimization-partdeux/3925/
Twitter was Founded Twitter is an online social networking service that enables users to send and read short 140 -character messages called "tweets“ This is what twitter used to look like back then 2006 References This is what Twitter’s interface used to look like back in 2006 http: //www. telegraph. co. uk/technology/6125914/How-20 -popular-websites-looked-when-they -launched. html
Mobile Access to the Web i. Phone began to change the web one more time and everything began to shift to cater to the mobile user. 2007 References www. mobify. com
Web Publications The Web had 2008 1 trillion public pages!
The Web Compared to Other Media This is how other media reached 50 million • • users compared to the Web: Radio took 38 years Television took 13 years Web took 4 years Facebook took just 10 months 2013 References Image credit accountablemedia. co. za
Current Internet Users In the World Today, the web has over 3, 000, 000 users worldwide! 2014 References http: //www. worldometers. info/
Live Updates on the Web The Web today is first source of information for the media. BBC incorporates Twitter for Live Updates 2014
Information Flow On The Internet Organisation's websites Business Websites Social Media Posts Government/ Educational Websites Blogs
Everyone Use the Web!
Oct. 24, 2014 Queen Elizabeth II Sent Her First Tweet 2014
Web Stats Right Now: 2014