A PRESENTATION OF THE Bjerknes Centre for Climate

  • Slides: 14
Download presentation
A PRESENTATION OF THE Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research “The aim of the Bjerknes

A PRESENTATION OF THE Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research “The aim of the Bjerknes Centre is to understand quantify the climate system for the benefit of society”

An umbrella organisation gathering the four major institutions in climate research in Bergen: University

An umbrella organisation gathering the four major institutions in climate research in Bergen: University of Bergen UNI Research AS Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center Institute of Marine Research Co-located with the Geophysical Institute, Ui. B the historical building that since housed the Bergen School of Meteorology since 1928

Vilhelm F. K. Bjerknes (1862 -1951) • The father of modern Meteorology • Founder

Vilhelm F. K. Bjerknes (1862 -1951) • The father of modern Meteorology • Founder of the Bergen School of Meteorology (1917 -1926) Jacob A. B. Bjerknes (1897 -1975) • Norwegian Cyclone Model (1917) • Atlantic air – sea interaction (1964) • El Nino – Southern Oscillation (1969)

q Started as a Norwegian Centre of Excellence 2003 -2012. Now funded directly by

q Started as a Norwegian Centre of Excellence 2003 -2012. Now funded directly by the government until 2021 q Basic research on past, present and future climates q Unique expertise and interdisciplinarity: Meteorology, physical and chemical oceanography, mathematics, biogeochemistry, palaeoclimates, paleobotany, marine biology & modelling ……. combining observations, theory and modeling

q Coordination: the national effort on the building and maintenance of the Norwegian Earth

q Coordination: the national effort on the building and maintenance of the Norwegian Earth System Model q Education: national research training of future generation of scientists in climate dynamics in Norway q Internationalization: 190 scientists from 32 nationalities. Recruits from top institutions. Largest Nordic climate research centre, among the top-five in Europe

Scientists from 32 countries ICELAND (1) FINLAND (1) SWEDEN (3) DENMARK (1) SWITZERLAND (1)

Scientists from 32 countries ICELAND (1) FINLAND (1) SWEDEN (3) DENMARK (1) SWITZERLAND (1) AUSTRIA (1) BELGIUM(1) CANADA (3) USA (9) Norway 86 Germany 20 China 11 UK 8 Russia 7 USA 7 France 6 Netherlands 6 rest shown on the map BRAZIL (1)

BOARD SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD DIRECTOR SECRETARIAT LEADER GROUP Research Groups (RGs) RG 1: Climate

BOARD SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD DIRECTOR SECRETARIAT LEADER GROUP Research Groups (RGs) RG 1: Climate model development and projections RG 2: Climate predictions from global to regional scales RG 3: Carbon cycle and biogeochemistry RG 4: Large-scale atmosphere-ocean dynamics RG 5: Atmosphere, cryosphere and ocean processes RG 6: Natural climate variability –extending the inst. records RG 7: Past climate dynamics - from greenhouse to icehouse 7

Basic funding + Project income Total income 2014: 118 MNOK (14 M€) 8

Basic funding + Project income Total income 2014: 118 MNOK (14 M€) 8

Strategic projects 2015 -2018 q BASIC - Boundary Layer in the Arctic q BIGCHANGE

Strategic projects 2015 -2018 q BASIC - Boundary Layer in the Arctic q BIGCHANGE Biogeochemical change and detection q FRESHWATER – From shelf to ocean interior q INCREASE – Northern European and Arctic sea level q MARGIN – Glacial and atmospheric dynamics q MEDEVAC – Multidecadal variability q PARADIGM – Prediction and regional downscaling q WACYEX – Water cycle extremes 9

150 publications in 2014 Science, 8 Jan 2014 Nature communications, 11 Sep 2014 Nature,

150 publications in 2014 Science, 8 Jan 2014 Nature communications, 11 Sep 2014 Nature, 17 Sep 2014 Nature geoscience, 28 Sep 2014

Policy relevant • Contribution to IPCC, special reports, … • Climate forcast • Advisory

Policy relevant • Contribution to IPCC, special reports, … • Climate forcast • Advisory body 11

Decadal climate forecasts Årthun m. fl. (2012)

Decadal climate forecasts Årthun m. fl. (2012)

ADVISORY BODY › ”Education of ministers” › Participation in policy-oriented activities › Outreach: mass

ADVISORY BODY › ”Education of ministers” › Participation in policy-oriented activities › Outreach: mass media (newspapers, TV, radio), schools, blogs, etc. CLIMATE CHNGE AND IMPACTS IN NORWAY (NORKLIMA) s tr y´ el Pa an r o e. P b La imat Cl 14