A Clear View of Tomorrow Our Planet is

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A Clear View of Tomorrow Our Planet is Changing We need advanced tools to

A Clear View of Tomorrow Our Planet is Changing We need advanced tools to understand monitor our oceans, coasts and Great Lakes Jenifer Rhoades US IOOS Program Office U. S. IOOS®: A Partnership for Lives and Livelihoods

® U. S. IOOS : Program Overview WHO WHAT • Observations • Data Management

® U. S. IOOS : Program Overview WHO WHAT • Observations • Data Management • Modeling and Analysis WHY: 7 Goals, 1 System Weather and climate change 12 Maritime operations Natural hazards Homeland security Public health risks Healthy coastal ecosystems Sustain Living Marine Resources WHERE: Global and Coastal Components Enhances science and improves decision making 2

® U. S. IOOS : Program Office • • Provide Programmatic Leadership: Build the

® U. S. IOOS : Program Office • • Provide Programmatic Leadership: Build the structure and support necessary to advance implementation and recognition of U. S. IOOS Foster Operational Capability: Lead and coordinate Federal and non-Federal contributions to U. S. IOOS Forge Robust Partnerships: Initiate and sustain relationships for participation in IOOS by Federal agencies, non-Federal groups and industry Champion Regional and Stakeholder Interests: Connect Regional products and services to national needs, and connect Federal groups to Regional entities 3

U. S. IOOS Partner Reported Observing System Assets Observing Assets Measuring U. S. IOOS

U. S. IOOS Partner Reported Observing System Assets Observing Assets Measuring U. S. IOOS Core Variables 2 satellite obs systems 45 obs systems & obs asset database (NOSA) 4 obs systems 1, 500 obs platforms Regional IOOS 4 obs programs 21 obs systems 8 water resource programs & 1 satellite obs system Animalborne sensors U. S. IOOS Assessment Defenserelated obs systems 4

ICOOS Act Accomplishments • Certification • ICE • Biennial Report to Congress • IOOS

ICOOS Act Accomplishments • Certification • ICE • Biennial Report to Congress • IOOS Advisory Committee www. ioos. govabout/governance/icoosact_progress. html 5

U. S. IOOS Regional Associations Ø Regional U. S. IOOS partners are essential to

U. S. IOOS Regional Associations Ø Regional U. S. IOOS partners are essential to building and supporting U. S. IOOS. Ø U. S. IOOS is comprised of eleven Regional Associations (RAs), which guide development of and stakeholder input to regional observing activities. Ø The RAs serve the nation’s coastal communities, including the Great Lakes, the Caribbean and the Pacific Islands and territories. Ø RAs provide increased observations, distinctive knowledge, and critical technological abilities, and apply these towards the development of products to meet regional and local needs.

U. S. IOOS Regional Associations • The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System

U. S. IOOS Regional Associations • The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System (GCOOS) and Southeast Coastal Ocean Observing Regional Association (SECOORA) have overlapping geographies on the west coast of Florida and share planning and coordination responsibilities: – – National Biological Data Initiative Deep Water Horizon Response and Restoration National Glider Observation Network Development Collaboration with Florida Coastal Ocean Observing System Consortium (FLCOOS) • Monitoring, mapping and modeling efforts (e. g. , harmful algal blooms and current monitoring) – Coordination of data management systems to make information seamless, easily accessible and more useful.

GCOOS • Includes the entire U. S. Gulf of Mexico, extending from the Florida

GCOOS • Includes the entire U. S. Gulf of Mexico, extending from the Florida Keys westward to the southern tip of Texas • FY 12 Funding: $1, 440, 586 • Partial support for Mote Marine Lab’s glider and buoy sampling system that supports the NOAA HAB bulletin for Florida ($60 K) • Support to several partner organizations to continue to make their data available through the GCOOS data management system • Partner in drafting the Gulf of Mexico Harmful Algal Bloom Integrated Observing System Implementation Plan • Partner with the Florida Aquarium to install an interactive kiosk exhibit showcasing ocean observing data

SECOORA • Encompasses four states, over 42 million people and spans the coastal ocean

SECOORA • Encompasses four states, over 42 million people and spans the coastal ocean from North Carolina to the west Coast of Florida • FY 12 Funding: $2, 317, 724 • Supports USF COMPS ($317 K) – surface moorings, – in-shore tidal meteorological stations – high frequency radars (surface current measurements for the West Florida Shelf from Tampa Bay out to approximately 150 km • Coral Modeling • Deep Water Horizon Response and Restoration

IOOS Summit Vision Major Upcoming Activity Nov 13 -16, 2012 Hyatt Dulles in Herndon,

IOOS Summit Vision Major Upcoming Activity Nov 13 -16, 2012 Hyatt Dulles in Herndon, VA What do we want to achieve? Develop comprehensive ocean observing vision that addresses technical, scientific, and management components for the coming decade that describes the needs, capabilities/gaps, opportunities, integration, and management of an IOOS Why an IOOS Summit? Bring together community of ocean observers, researchers, scientists, policy experts, managers, and decision-makers to insure broad participation and input How do we ensure success? By soliciting the thoughts and voices of the community through written submissions prior to the meeting. Also ensuring representative participation during the meeting to identify strategies for enhancing IOOS capabilities in the next decade. April 2, 4 2012

Back Up 11

Back Up 11

U. S. IOOS®: History • 1998: Rep. Saxton and Weldon request NORLC propose “a

U. S. IOOS®: History • 1998: Rep. Saxton and Weldon request NORLC propose “a plan to achieve a truly integrated ocean observing system” • 2000: Ocean. US established • 2002: Airlie House interagency report provides guidance for a sustained IOOS • 2006: First U. S. IOOS Development Plan • 2007: IOOS in the President’s Budget within NOAA & NOAA IOOS Program Office established • 2007: NOAA begins Data Integration Framework project to inform U. S. IOOS development • 2008: NOAA IOOS delivers High Level Functional Requirements and CONOPS for U. S. IOOS DMAC subsystem • 2008: Ocean. US disestablished • 2009: Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act enacted (Public Law No. 111 -11) • 2010: National Ocean Policy – Priority Objective #9 • 2010: US IOOS: A Blueprint to Full Capability v 1. 0 published; Data Integration Framework successfully completed; DMAC v 1. 0 • 2011: NOAA IOOS Program Office recognized by IOOC & NFRA as U. S. IOOS Program Office 12

IOOS Coordinated Rapid Response: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Contributed Assets: HF Radar: USF, USM

IOOS Coordinated Rapid Response: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Contributed Assets: HF Radar: USF, USM Gliders: i. Robot, Mote, Rutgers, SIO/WHOI, UDel, USF Drifters & Profilers Horizon Marine, Navy USM HFR TS Bonnie Satellite Imagery CSTARS, UDel USF HFR Ocean Forecasts NCSU; Texas A&M; USF Data/Web Services GCOOS, ASA, Rutgers, SIO Web Portal HFR used for trajectory forecast by NOAA/OR&R Briefing Blog 13

Rutgers’ Scarlet Knight Crosses Ocean Basin • 221 Days • 7, 409 km •

Rutgers’ Scarlet Knight Crosses Ocean Basin • 221 Days • 7, 409 km • 11, 000 Dives • 11, 000 Climbs • Energy equivalent of 8 minutes power the Rockefeller Center Tree Tuckerton, New Jersey, USA Baiona, Galicia, Spain 14

Selected Products: Ecosystems, Fisheries & Water Quality • FY 12 Project: ONR and US

Selected Products: Ecosystems, Fisheries & Water Quality • FY 12 Project: ONR and US IOOS Program Office: Enable ocean modelers access to observations collected from sensors on marine animal (e. g. Seals and Sharks) Tagging of Pacific Predators (TOPP) Program Gliders: Dissolved Oxygen water quality monitoring 15

Responding to Crisis: Hurricane Irene • • Around-the-clock data and other information before, during

Responding to Crisis: Hurricane Irene • • Around-the-clock data and other information before, during and after hurricanes • • Ca. Ra: – 4 buoys provided real-time observations SECOORA: – Buoys used to initialize models/verify forecasts – Forecast system used by Coast Guard, North Carolina Division of Emergency Management, National Hurricane Center, USACE, and multiple National Weather Service Forecast Offices MARACOOS: – Surface currents data collected by High Frequency Radar – Delivered forecasts to New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, Connecticut Governor’s Office and Delaware River Basin Commission NERACOOS: – Buoys critical to the National Weather Service – Local television stations in Connecticut reported conditions from the NERACOOS buoy – Northeast Coastal Ocean Forecast System (Ne. COFS) provided to the National Weather Service

HMS Challenger Mission Rutgers Plan for the Challenger Mission: International Education Program for Sustained

HMS Challenger Mission Rutgers Plan for the Challenger Mission: International Education Program for Sustained at-Sea Robotic Global Omni-Presence Rutgers University/IOOS Partner 17

Global Component: Global Ocean Observing System for Climate Total in situ networks 61% 87%

Global Component: Global Ocean Observing System for Climate Total in situ networks 61% 87% 100% 59% 81% 100% 48% 34% 73% 62% 18

Core Functional Activity Findings: Federal Partners U. S. IOOS capability can be improved with

Core Functional Activity Findings: Federal Partners U. S. IOOS capability can be improved with Federal partner cooperation U. S. IOOS Program Office Functional Capabilities (Current) Federal Partners with Gap-Filling Capabilities in These Core Functions Composite Across All Federal Partners (Possible) A. 1 Governance and Management (8 core functions) B. 1 Observing Systems Subsystem USACE, Navy/ONR (4 core functions) B. 2 DMAC Subsystem USACE, USGS, NOAA (9 core functions) B. 3 Modeling & Analysis Subsystem USACE, USGS (4 core functions) USACE, USGS, NOAA, Navy/ONR, BOEM C. 1 Research & Development (6 core functions) D. 1 Training and Education (6 core functions) Internal U. S. IOOS use only No capability Some capability/less than half Some capability/ more than half U. S. IOOS Assessment Some capability in all Full capability in all 19

Data Delivery Efforts 20

Data Delivery Efforts 20

Observing Networks: HF Radar Stakeholders • > 30 institutions operate HF Radars • Used

Observing Networks: HF Radar Stakeholders • > 30 institutions operate HF Radars • Used by >40 government/private entities • Partnership with Industry: US-based CODAR Ocean Sensor Who Depends on it • USCG Search and Rescue: Oil spill response • Water quality; Criminal forensics • Commercial marine navigation • Offshore energy; Harmful algal blooms • Marine fisheries • Emerging - Maritime Domain Awareness • Emerging – Tsunami; Solar Activity Decreases search area by 66% in 96 hours 21

Observation Networks: Waves • Nation’s wave data now accessible – 181 platforms in 2008;

Observation Networks: Waves • Nation’s wave data now accessible – 181 platforms in 2008; 227 2011 – Wave Plan called for 296 – New IOOS supported wave sites being deployed collaboratively with USACE/ CDIP program – Some platforms need to be upgraded to directional wave measurements

Observation Networks: Dynamic Glider Asset Map 23

Observation Networks: Dynamic Glider Asset Map 23

Pathway to a National DMAC Acquisition Track (Traditional) Building DMAC with Partners FY 08

Pathway to a National DMAC Acquisition Track (Traditional) Building DMAC with Partners FY 08 FY 09 FY 10 FY 11 Water quality Variables Added DIF Development Completed Use Cases OOI CI FY 12 -14 Biological Variables Added DMAC 1. 0 DMAC N. 0 And OOI CI Use Cases OOI CI

US IOOS: Data Management Services • Collaborating with federal and non-federal partners to allow

US IOOS: Data Management Services • Collaborating with federal and non-federal partners to allow users to easily find and use ocean data US IOOS data management approach Data/Service Registry at Da r. D ta / te Se r gis vic e Re an example of the approach Di e vic sc ov er r Se a/ Data/Service Registry Se r Di ice sc rv ov Se er a/ at Da Data/Service r. D ta / te Data/Service Consumer gis vic e Re Use Data/Service Consumer Data/Service 25

IOOS® Biological Data Project 26

IOOS® Biological Data Project 26

U. S. IOOS® Coastal Ocean Ecosystem Modeling Testbed • FY 10: $4 M Programmatic

U. S. IOOS® Coastal Ocean Ecosystem Modeling Testbed • FY 10: $4 M Programmatic Language (Senate) Gulf of Maine / Scituate Harbor • FY 11: $975 K • 5 teams, 64 scientists/analysts • SURA is overall lead for execution • Multi-sector engagement (federal agency, academia, industry) • Shelf Hypoxia Estuary Hypoxia Goals: • Less about model than process Cyber Toolbox • Focus is on stable infrastructure (testing environment, tools, standard obs) and transition to operations • Enable Modeling and Analysis subsystem 27

® U. S. IOOS : A National Endeavor in a Global Context • Comprehensive

® U. S. IOOS : A National Endeavor in a Global Context • Comprehensive system • Data Integration critical • Sustaining the enterprise requires engagement by all 28