7 Basic Plots Plot Study The Writers Creed

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7 Basic Plots Plot Study

7 Basic Plots Plot Study

The Writer’s Creed On my honor, I will do my best to create havoc

The Writer’s Creed On my honor, I will do my best to create havoc on every page and to leave neither peace nor happiness in my wake; To cause problems at every opportunity; To abuse characters I love, always aspire to the worst, and sleep unburdened at night.

What This Means • Keep characters in the dark • Betray characters • Be

What This Means • Keep characters in the dark • Betray characters • Be a troublemaker • Begrudge happiness • Take glee out of humiliation • Challenge characters’ beliefs

Create Trouble on Every Page —Clint Johnson

Create Trouble on Every Page —Clint Johnson

Plot Structures

Plot Structures

The One

The One

Mountain Plot Map

Mountain Plot Map

Mountain Plot Map: FMAB Example Promised Day Want to get bodies back ut g

Mountain Plot Map: FMAB Example Promised Day Want to get bodies back ut g o d bi le Fin out circ ab ns. tra t Ge ies d bo ack b Life goes on

W-Plot Map 2 nd Triggering Event Trigger Event Setting Up Problem W Deepening Problem

W-Plot Map 2 nd Triggering Event Trigger Event Setting Up Problem W Deepening Problem Recovering from Problem 1 st Turning Point Resolving 2 nd Turning Point Resolution

W-Plot Map: FMAB Example Loss of bodies Nationwide transmutation circle W Get bodies back

W-Plot Map: FMAB Example Loss of bodies Nationwide transmutation circle W Get bodies back Search for Don’t know what Philosopher’s to do; group is Stone split up Search for Promised Day alternate means; Eastern Alchemy Find out stone uses human souls Anti-transmutation circle

Conflicts

Conflicts

Central Conflicts • Human vs. Human • Human vs. Nature • Human vs. God

Central Conflicts • Human vs. Human • Human vs. Nature • Human vs. God • Human vs. Society • Human vs. Himself • Human vs. Magic Force

Subplots • Add interest • Develop minor characters • Make smaller points • Add

Subplots • Add interest • Develop minor characters • Make smaller points • Add to message

Theme vs. Message Theme Message • General principle of story • Example of theme

Theme vs. Message Theme Message • General principle of story • Example of theme in action • Can apply to anything • Specific to story

Theme vs. Message Example: FMAB • Theme: One is all, all is one (i.

Theme vs. Message Example: FMAB • Theme: One is all, all is one (i. e. , everything has a place and is connected) • Message: One cannot rise above his/her place

7 Plot Types

7 Plot Types

Basics Redemption Anticipation Nightmare Dream Frustration

Basics Redemption Anticipation Nightmare Dream Frustration

The Quest Protagonist & Co. acquire important object or get to a location, facing

The Quest Protagonist & Co. acquire important object or get to a location, facing many obstacles along the way. The Call The Journey Arrival/Fru stration Final Ordeals The Goal

The Quest Examples: • Lord of the Rings • One Piece • Legend of

The Quest Examples: • Lord of the Rings • One Piece • Legend of Zelda • Fullmetal Alchemist (beginning)

Overcoming the Monster Protagonist sets out to challenge the antagonistic force that threatens him/her

Overcoming the Monster Protagonist sets out to challenge the antagonistic force that threatens him/her and/or his/her homeland. The Call Initial Success Confrontation Final Ordeal Miraculous Escape/Monste r Death

Overcoming the Monster Examples: • Perseus • Fullmetal Alchemist • Fate/Stay Night • Avatar:

Overcoming the Monster Examples: • Perseus • Fullmetal Alchemist • Fate/Stay Night • Avatar: the Last Airbender

Voyage and Return Protagonist goes to a strange land, faces obstacles, and returns with

Voyage and Return Protagonist goes to a strange land, faces obstacles, and returns with nothing but experience. Anticipation Stage Initial Fascination Frustration Nightmare Stage Escape/Ret urn

Voyage and Return Examples: • Alice in Wonderland • Odyssey • Spirited Away •

Voyage and Return Examples: • Alice in Wonderland • Odyssey • Spirited Away • The Hobbit

Rags to Riches Protagonist gains power, wealth, etc. , loses it all, and gains

Rags to Riches Protagonist gains power, wealth, etc. , loses it all, and gains it back upon growing as a person. Wretchedness Out in World Crisis Independence Completion

Rags to Riches Examples: • Cinderella • Axis Powers: Hetalia (Liechtenstein) • Magi: Kingdom

Rags to Riches Examples: • Cinderella • Axis Powers: Hetalia (Liechtenstein) • Magi: Kingdom of Magic (Alibaba)

Comedy Light hearted story with a cheerful ending. Beginning Meetings Shadow of Confusion It

Comedy Light hearted story with a cheerful ending. Beginning Meetings Shadow of Confusion It Gets Worse Confusion is Lifted

Comedy Examples: • Baka and Test • Twelfth Night • Midsummer Night’s Dream •

Comedy Examples: • Baka and Test • Twelfth Night • Midsummer Night’s Dream • Ouran Highschool Host Club

Tragedy Protagonist is a villain who falls from grace and whose death is a

Tragedy Protagonist is a villain who falls from grace and whose death is a celebrated event. Anticipation Dream Frustration Nightmare Destruction/ Death Wish

Tragedy Examples: • Death Note • Macbeth • Hamlet • Julius Caesar

Tragedy Examples: • Death Note • Macbeth • Hamlet • Julius Caesar

Rebirth During the story, events and obstacles force the main character to change his/her

Rebirth During the story, events and obstacles force the main character to change his/her ways, often for the better. Influence Threat Recedes Threat Returns “Triumph” Redemption/ Rebirth

Rebirth Examples: • Despicable Me • A Christmas Carol • Megamind • The Grinch

Rebirth Examples: • Despicable Me • A Christmas Carol • Megamind • The Grinch Who Stole Christmas

Now YOU Try It! …Using the following tips. Believe in yourself.

Now YOU Try It! …Using the following tips. Believe in yourself.

Basic Classic Structure Exposition Threshold Rising Action Depths Climax Resolution

Basic Classic Structure Exposition Threshold Rising Action Depths Climax Resolution

Creating One: Exposition • Set stage • Meet main character(s) • Background info •

Creating One: Exposition • Set stage • Meet main character(s) • Background info • Inciting incident/problem arises

Creating One: Rising Action • Main character(s) are off on journey • Begin to

Creating One: Rising Action • Main character(s) are off on journey • Begin to solve/deal with problem • Possibly subplot time • Maybe splash around a bit

Creating One: Challenge 1 • Find out that problem is not actually the issue

Creating One: Challenge 1 • Find out that problem is not actually the issue • Maybe fight something/encounter immediate issue • Usually lose battle/barely come out

Creating One: More Rising Action • Recover from Challenge 1 • Go on to

Creating One: More Rising Action • Recover from Challenge 1 • Go on to continue to fix problem/real issue • Pick up new companion • More subplot time • Prepare for climax

Creating One: Challenge 2 • Characters may or may not be anticipating • Can

Creating One: Challenge 2 • Characters may or may not be anticipating • Can arise from subplot/plot twist • Optional

Creating One: Climax • Final fight/showdown • Characters usually must give it their all

Creating One: Climax • Final fight/showdown • Characters usually must give it their all • Usually beat villain/main conflict

Creating One: The Eagles • Usually called Resolution • May also have “Elixir” before/after

Creating One: The Eagles • Usually called Resolution • May also have “Elixir” before/after • All loose ends are tied up • Everyone is happy (unless it’s a dark story)

Classify • In the space provided, classify favorite anime plot as one of the

Classify • In the space provided, classify favorite anime plot as one of the seven plot types covered. • In the other spaces, identify the plot’s theme and message • Sketch a basic plot map in the space provided

Links More plot type info: http: //www. how-to-write-a-book-now. com/seven-basic-plots. html Subplot info: http: //allwritefictionadvice.

Links More plot type info: http: //www. how-to-write-a-book-now. com/seven-basic-plots. html Subplot info: http: //allwritefictionadvice. blogspot. com/2011/01/subplots. html More detailed subplot info: http: //www. writersdigest. com/online-editor/7 -ways-to-add-great-subplots-to-your-novel Complete plot/story tips: http: //www. aaronshep. com/youngauthor/elements. html Planning a plot in 8 steps: http: //www. how-to-write-a-book-now. com/plot-outline. html Plot twist help: http: //www. writersdigest. com/editor-blogs/there-are-no-rules/4 -ways-to-write-a-killer-plot-twist Theme vs. Message: http: //www. bobmoran. com/1035/the-difference-between-theme-and-message Writer’s Creed http: //www. clintjohnsonwrites. com/the-writers-creed. html