6 SCM Supply Chain Management mailto ckfarnmgt ncu

  • Slides: 75
Download presentation
6 電子化供應鏈管理: SCM: Supply Chain Management 中央大學. 資訊管理系 范錚強 mailto: ckfarn@mgt. ncu. edu. tw

6 電子化供應鏈管理: SCM: Supply Chain Management 中央大學. 資訊管理系 范錚強 mailto: [email protected] ncu. edu. tw http: //www. mgt. ncu. edu. tw/~ckfarn 2007. 4 中央大學。范錚強 1

C 計畫中的 e. Financing 以交易為基礎的融資 3. Order 銀行 Inquiry 5. Loan 6. Payment 2.

C 計畫中的 e. Financing 以交易為基礎的融資 3. Order 銀行 Inquiry 5. Loan 6. Payment 2. Loan 4. Order Request Info 中心廠 1. Order 中央大學。范錚強 7. Balance Payment 供應商 37

供應商:從單純供貨到確保有貨 Order-based operation: Buyer Planning Inventory mgmt Purchase order Reception Warehousing Seller Inventory mgmt

供應商:從單純供貨到確保有貨 Order-based operation: Buyer Planning Inventory mgmt Purchase order Reception Warehousing Seller Inventory mgmt Warehousing Sales order Delivery Planning Vendor-managed inventory (VMI): Buyer Planning Inventory mgmt Purchase order Reception Warehousing Seller Planning Inventory mgmt Warehousing Sales order Delivery 中央大學。范錚強 48

供應鏈中的電子化觀念 QR: Quick Response 1984, 主要是服飾業 快速反應顧客需求 解決庫存積壓和過期問題 ECR: Efficient Consumer Response 1992, 零售業,擴大QR

供應鏈中的電子化觀念 QR: Quick Response 1984, 主要是服飾業 快速反應顧客需求 解決庫存積壓和過期問題 ECR: Efficient Consumer Response 1992, 零售業,擴大QR 涵蓋供應商和製造商 觀念 VMI/SMI CPFR: Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment 中央大學。范錚強 50

CPFR: 協同規劃、預測和供貨 1990代初, Wal-Mart 和 Warner-Lambert 開始新嘗試 Develop front-end agreement 根據此觀念 VICS (Voluntary Create

CPFR: 協同規劃、預測和供貨 1990代初, Wal-Mart 和 Warner-Lambert 開始新嘗試 Develop front-end agreement 根據此觀念 VICS (Voluntary Create joint business plan Interindustry Commerce Standards ) 發展CPFR模型 Create sales forecast Identify and resolve exceptions 優點 降低庫存 降低缺貨 增加營業額 Source: www. cpfr. org Create order forecast Identify and resolve exceptions Order generation 中央大學。范錚強 51

Business model: B Source: www. cpfr. org 中央大學。范錚強 52

Business model: B Source: www. cpfr. org 中央大學。范錚強 52

精確的伙伴預測 Sales Retailer forecast too low Retailer forecast too high Time 中央大學。范錚強 54

精確的伙伴預測 Sales Retailer forecast too low Retailer forecast too high Time 中央大學。范錚強 54

階段性差異 using point-ofsales data to rapidly update forecasts for new products sharing of planning

階段性差異 using point-ofsales data to rapidly update forecasts for new products sharing of planning information Sales automatic monitoring of sales, shared exception alerts using the supplier’s forecast Time 中央大學。范錚強 55

供應鏈體系Process Integration架構 ERP 供應商 Rosettanet/ XML Focal XML EC Server (Enterprise Ver. ) EC

供應鏈體系Process Integration架構 ERP 供應商 Rosettanet/ XML Focal XML EC Server (Enterprise Ver. ) EC Server Interne t (Standard Ver. ) XML ERP Rosetta. Net PIPs 中央大學。范錚強 61

什麼是標示語言(Markup Language) “Markup” is a method of conveying metadata (that is, information about a

什麼是標示語言(Markup Language) “Markup” is a method of conveying metadata (that is, information about a dataset). Markup Language use string literals, or “tags”, to delimit and describe this data. 用途:方便閱讀、印刷、資訊交換 printer typesetting, proofreader, punctuation, ASCII, C, RTF 中央大學。范錚強 64

Example: HTML Document <HTML> <H 1 ALIGN=CENTER>硬體</H 1> <FONT FACE size=2>顯示卡</FONT> <FONT FACE size=2>誠洲</FONT>

Example: HTML Document <HTML> <H 1 ALIGN=CENTER>硬體</H 1> <FONT FACE size=2>顯示卡</FONT> <FONT FACE size=2>誠洲</FONT> <FONT FACE size=2>世旻電腦</FONT> <FONT FACE size=2>林宏明</FONT> 中央大學。范錚強 65

XML的優點 開放平台: open, platform-independent Vocabulary: 可以依Application Domain 定義tag An XML vocabulary is a description

XML的優點 開放平台: open, platform-independent Vocabulary: 可以依Application Domain 定義tag An XML vocabulary is a description of XML data that is used as the medium for information exchange, often within a specific domain of human activity(business, chemistry, law, music, for example) Program Readable 註:XML is not a programming language, nor an objectbased system, nor an operating system. It is a powerful, elegant technique for thinking about, exchanging, and presenting data in a platformindependent manner. 中央大學。范錚強 67

XML與瀏覽器 XML改變了瀏覽器的內部結構 HTML Interpreter XML Parser XML使“Hypertext”網頁變成“Application”網頁 Application Software Browser Software XML網頁不需瀏覽器,可經由應用系統直接 處理 中央大學。范錚強

XML與瀏覽器 XML改變了瀏覽器的內部結構 HTML Interpreter XML Parser XML使“Hypertext”網頁變成“Application”網頁 Application Software Browser Software XML網頁不需瀏覽器,可經由應用系統直接 處理 中央大學。范錚強 68

Client Side of Web-XML Presentation Module Browse r. Application Document Valid. Handler ater URL

Client Side of Web-XML Presentation Module Browse r. Application Document Valid. Handler ater URL Parser XML File HTTP Server 中央大學。范錚強 69

Rosetta. Net is a consortium of major Information Technology, Electronic Components and Semiconductor Manufacturing

Rosetta. Net is a consortium of major Information Technology, Electronic Components and Semiconductor Manufacturing companies working to create and implement industry-wide, open e-business process standards. Cluster 0: Rosetta. Net Support Provides administrative functionality Cluster 1: Partner, Product and Service Review Allows information collection, maintenance and distribution for the development of trading-partner profiles and productinformation subscriptions 中央大學。范錚強 70

Rosetta. Net Cluster 2: Product Information Enables distribution and periodic update of product and

Rosetta. Net Cluster 2: Product Information Enables distribution and periodic update of product and detailed design information, including product change notices and product technical specifications Cluster 3: Order Management Lets partners order catalog products, create custom solutions, manage distribution and deliveries, and support product returns and financial transactions Cluster 4: Inventory Management Enables inventory management, including collaboration, replenishment, price protection, reporting and allocation of constrained product 中央大學。范錚強 71

Rosetta. Net Cluster 5: Marketing Information Management Enables communication of marketing information, including campaign

Rosetta. Net Cluster 5: Marketing Information Management Enables communication of marketing information, including campaign plans, lead information and design registration Cluster 6: Service and Support Provides post-sales technical support, service warranty and asset management capabilities Cluster 7: Manufacturing Enables the exchange of design, configuration, process, quality and other manufacturing floor information to support the "Virtual Manufacturing" environment 中央大學。范錚強 72

Rosetta. Net PIP Partner Interface Process (PIP) message guidelines and XML DTD's (Document type

Rosetta. Net PIP Partner Interface Process (PIP) message guidelines and XML DTD's (Document type definition). Understand what the PIP number represents. A PIP number has 3 parts: a number + a letter + another number. Example: 3 A 4 The first number represents the Cluster. PIP 3 A 4 is in Cluster 3. The letter represents the Segment. PIP 3 A 4 is in Segment A of Cluster 3. The second number is a sequential number which completes the PIP number. PIP 3 A 4 is the 4 th PIP in Segment A of Cluster 3. 中央大學。范錚強 73

Rosetta. Net 3 A 4 PIP 中央大學。范錚強 74

Rosetta. Net 3 A 4 PIP 中央大學。范錚強 74

Rosetta. Net 3 A 4 PIP RN 3 A 4 中央大學。范錚強 75

Rosetta. Net 3 A 4 PIP RN 3 A 4 中央大學。范錚強 75