50 Years of NotFighting THE COLD WAR It

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50 Years of “Not-Fighting” THE COLD WAR

50 Years of “Not-Fighting” THE COLD WAR

“It was a Cold War of words - a time when nations were rallied

“It was a Cold War of words - a time when nations were rallied by stirring speeches and trembled by ominous warnings. ”

Billy Joel condenses the Cold War in under five minutes “We Didn’t Start the

Billy Joel condenses the Cold War in under five minutes “We Didn’t Start the Fire”

“We Didn’t Start the Fire” Joel explained that he wrote this song due to

“We Didn’t Start the Fire” Joel explained that he wrote this song due to his interest in history. He commented that he would have wanted to be a history teacher had he not become a rock and roll singer.

1949 Harry S. Truman Doris Day Red China Johnny Ray South Pacific Walter Winchell

1949 Harry S. Truman Doris Day Red China Johnny Ray South Pacific Walter Winchell Joe Dimaggio

1950 Joe Mc. Carthy Richard Nixon Studebaker Television North Korea South Korea Marilyn Monroe

1950 Joe Mc. Carthy Richard Nixon Studebaker Television North Korea South Korea Marilyn Monroe

1951 Rosenburg H-Bomb Sugar Ray Panmunjom Brando The King and I The Catcher in

1951 Rosenburg H-Bomb Sugar Ray Panmunjom Brando The King and I The Catcher in the Rye

1952 Eisenhower Vaccine England’s got a new Queen Marciano Liberace Santayana goodbye

1952 Eisenhower Vaccine England’s got a new Queen Marciano Liberace Santayana goodbye

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been turning. We didn't start the fire Well we didn't light it, But we tried to fight it.

1953 Joseph Stalin Malenkov Nasser Prokofiev Rockefeller Campanella Communist Bloc

1953 Joseph Stalin Malenkov Nasser Prokofiev Rockefeller Campanella Communist Bloc

1954 Roy Cohn Juan Peron Tosconini Dacron Dien Ben Phu falls Rock Around the

1954 Roy Cohn Juan Peron Tosconini Dacron Dien Ben Phu falls Rock Around the Clock

1955 Einstein James Dean Brooklyn’s got a winning team Davy Crockett Peter Pan Elvis

1955 Einstein James Dean Brooklyn’s got a winning team Davy Crockett Peter Pan Elvis Presley Disneyland

1956 Bardot Budapest Alabama Kruschehev Princess Grace Peyton’s Place Trouble in the Suez

1956 Bardot Budapest Alabama Kruschehev Princess Grace Peyton’s Place Trouble in the Suez

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been turning. We didn't start the fire Well we didn't light it, But we tried to fight it.

1957 Little Rock Pasternok Mickey Mantle Kerouac Sputnik Chou En-Lai Bridge on the River

1957 Little Rock Pasternok Mickey Mantle Kerouac Sputnik Chou En-Lai Bridge on the River Kwai

1958 Lebanon Charles de Gaulle California Baseball Starkweather Homicide Children of the Thalidomide

1958 Lebanon Charles de Gaulle California Baseball Starkweather Homicide Children of the Thalidomide

1959 Buddy Holly Ben Hur Space Monkeys Mafia Hula Hoops Castro Edsel is a

1959 Buddy Holly Ben Hur Space Monkeys Mafia Hula Hoops Castro Edsel is a no go

1960 U-2 Syngman Rhee Payola Kennedy Chubby Checker Psycho Belgians in Congo

1960 U-2 Syngman Rhee Payola Kennedy Chubby Checker Psycho Belgians in Congo

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been turning. We didn't start the fire Well we didn't light it, But we tried to fight it.

1961 Hemingway Eichmann Stranger in a Strange Land Dylan Berlin Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961 Hemingway Eichmann Stranger in a Strange Land Dylan Berlin Bay of Pigs Invasion

1962 Lawrence of Arabia British Beatlemania Ole Miss John Glenn Liston beats Patterson

1962 Lawrence of Arabia British Beatlemania Ole Miss John Glenn Liston beats Patterson

1963 Pope Paul Malcolm X British Politician Sex JFK blown away

1963 Pope Paul Malcolm X British Politician Sex JFK blown away

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been

Chorus We didn't start the fire It was always burning, Since the world's been turning. We didn't start the fire Well we didn't light it, But we tried to fight it.

1964 -1989 Birth Control Ho Chi-Minh Richard Nixon back again Moonshot Woodstock Watergate Punk

1964 -1989 Birth Control Ho Chi-Minh Richard Nixon back again Moonshot Woodstock Watergate Punk Rock Begin Reagan Palestine Terror on the airlines Ayatollahs in Iran Russians in Afghanistan Wheel of Fortune Sally Ride Heavy Metal Suicide Foreign debt Homeless vets AIDS Crack Bernie Goetz Hypodermics on the shore China’s under Martial Law Rock and Roller Cola Wars

The Real History

The Real History

Cold War Origins Truman v Stalin The Cold War was an economic, political, technological,

Cold War Origins Truman v Stalin The Cold War was an economic, political, technological, scientific and military confrontation and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union. USA USSR

Capitalism: An economic system in which money is invested with the goal of making

Capitalism: An economic system in which money is invested with the goal of making profit. Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations - 1776 Free-market Capitalism Laissez-faire – gov’t hands-off Democracy: Government system in which the ultimate power rests with the people.

An economic system in which all means of production are owned by the government,

An economic system in which all means of production are owned by the government, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally. Eventually a complete form of Socialism would arise No private property A classless society

FRQ Practice To what degree did the New Deal accomplish the three goals of

FRQ Practice To what degree did the New Deal accomplish the three goals of relief, recovery, and reform?

Yalta Conference USSR, U. S. , Britain & France would each occupy a part

Yalta Conference USSR, U. S. , Britain & France would each occupy a part of Germany but would allow for German reunification once she was no longer a threat. � Soviets dominated their Eastern German zone - Germany was to pay heavy reparations to USSR in form of agricultural and industrial goods. �

Crash Course

Crash Course

Division of Germany The U. S. , Great Britain, and France decided to merge

Division of Germany The U. S. , Great Britain, and France decided to merge their zones and allow the Germans to have their own govt. � West Berlin was also merged and became part of West Germany. � The Soviets still controlled what became known as East Germany. �

Choosing Sides By 1948, pro-Soviet governments were set in Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and

Choosing Sides By 1948, pro-Soviet governments were set in Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. These countries were called satellite nations.

“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has

“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. ” ~Winston Churchill

Containment and the Long Telegram � The U. S. ambassador in Moscow, George Kennan,

Containment and the Long Telegram � The U. S. ambassador in Moscow, George Kennan, analyzed the situation: if the U. S. could prevent the Soviets from expanding, their system would eventually fall apart. � He described this idea in what became known as the Long Telegram � “containment policy”: keep communism from spreading by diplomatic, economic, and military force.

Remember Greasy Turkey In August of 1946, the Soviets were trying to establish communist

Remember Greasy Turkey In August of 1946, the Soviets were trying to establish communist governments in Greece and Turkey. Truman asked congress for $400 million to help fight communist aggressions via military and economic aid. In the long run, it pledged the U. S. to fight communism worldwide.

Marshall Plan 1947: Massive aid package to help war-torn Europe recover from the war

Marshall Plan 1947: Massive aid package to help war-torn Europe recover from the war Purpose: prevent communism from spreading into economically devastated regions Result: Western and Central Europe recovered economically -- the "economic miracle" Soviets refused to allow U. S. aid to countries in eastern Europe

 In June of 1948, the Soviets closed all access to W. Berlin. For

In June of 1948, the Soviets closed all access to W. Berlin. For the next 11 months, Truman sent cargo planes to drop food, supplies, medicine, etc. Stalin lifted the blockade in May of 1949.

In April of 1949, the U. S. formed a military alliance with W. Europe:

In April of 1949, the U. S. formed a military alliance with W. Europe: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO members agreed to aid any member that was attacked. This organization originally had 12 countries. Today NATO has 26 members, with the goal of protecting democracy.

The Eastern Bloc Changes went forward at slow & uneven pace; came to almost

The Eastern Bloc Changes went forward at slow & uneven pace; came to almost a halt by the mid 1960 s. Five-year plans in USSR reintroduced to tackle massive economic reconstruction. Stalin’s new foe, the U. S. , provided an excuse for re-establishing harsh dictatorship. Stalin revived many forced labor camps, which had accounted for roughly 1/6 of all new construction in Soviet Union before the war. Culture and art were also purged.

Warsaw Pact �Warsaw Pact: A mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central

Warsaw Pact �Warsaw Pact: A mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe; created to counter NATO. �The Warsaw Treaty’s organization was two-fold: the Political Consultative Committee handled political matters, and the Combined Command of Pact Armed Forces controlled the multinational armed forces.

The Nuclear Arms Race Back to the Bomb

The Nuclear Arms Race Back to the Bomb

The Arms Race: Beginnings Nuclear arms race: A competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare

The Arms Race: Beginnings Nuclear arms race: A competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. In the years immediately after World War II, the United States had a monopoly on nuclear weaponry. American leaders this would be enough to draw concessions from the Soviet Union but this proved ineffective. The first Soviet bomb was detonated on August 29, 1949, shocking the entire world. The bomb, named "Joe One" by the West, was more or less a copy of "Fat Man".

The Arms Race: Politics Brinkmanship: Willing to go to the brink of nuclear war

The Arms Race: Politics Brinkmanship: Willing to go to the brink of nuclear war to maintain peace. U. S. vows to destroy USSR with nuclear weapons if it tries to expand. U. S. maintained a policy of "massive retaliation" between 1953 -55. This resulted in a cut in military spending and an increase in America’s nuclear arsenal. Mutually assured destruction: Both sides knew that any attack upon the other would be devastating to themselves, thus in theory restraining them from attacking the other.

The Arms Race: Technology The B-52 bomber could fly across continents and drop nuclear

The Arms Race: Technology The B-52 bomber could fly across continents and drop nuclear bombs anywhere in the world. Submarines capable of launching nuclear missiles were also created. ICBMs: Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles – allowed for nuclear bombs to be delivered without threat to human life H-Bomb – “Ivy Mike” was detonated by the United States on November 1, 1952 It created a cloud 100 miles wide and 25 miles high, killing all life on the surrounding islands.

HOW BIG ARE TODAY’S NUCLEAR BOMBS?

HOW BIG ARE TODAY’S NUCLEAR BOMBS?

Fat Man: 21 kilotons Ivy King: 500 kilotons B 53: 9, 000 kilotons Castle

Fat Man: 21 kilotons Ivy King: 500 kilotons B 53: 9, 000 kilotons Castle Bravo: 15, 000 kilotons Tzar Bomba: 50, 000 kilotons HOW BIG ARE TODAY’S NUCLEAR BOMBS? Little Boy: 15 kilotons

Living Under the Threat of the Bomb The threat of an atomic attack against

Living Under the Threat of the Bomb The threat of an atomic attack against the United States forced Americans to prepare themselves for a surprise attack. Although Americans tried to protect themselves, experts realized that for every person killed instantly by a nuclear blast, four more would later die from nuclear fallout (the radiation left over after the blast). Some families built fallout shelters in their backyards and stocked them with canned food. Schools performed air raid drills in an effort to prepare children for an attack.

We can survive anything those dirty commies throw at us in our nifty new

We can survive anything those dirty commies throw at us in our nifty new bomb shelter!

“How to Survive a Nuclear Attack”

“How to Survive a Nuclear Attack”

1. Keep an eye on the news. 2. Consider evacuation (if possible).

1. Keep an eye on the news. 2. Consider evacuation (if possible).

3. Seek shelter immediately. If within the vicinity of the blast (or ground zero),

3. Seek shelter immediately. If within the vicinity of the blast (or ground zero), your chances of survival are virtually nonexistent unless you are in a shelter that provides a very (VERY) good blast protection. If you are a few miles out, you will have about 10 -15 seconds until the heat wave hits you, and maybe 20 -30 seconds until the shock wave does. Under no circumstances should you look directly at the fireball. If you can't find shelter, seek a depressed area nearby and lay face down, exposing as little skin as possible. Even at 5 miles away, the heat can burn the skin off your body Failing the above options, get indoors, if, and only if, you can be sure that

4. Beware radiation exposure. Once you have survived the blast and the initial radiation

4. Beware radiation exposure. Once you have survived the blast and the initial radiation (for now at least; radiation symptoms have an incubation period), you must find protection against the burning black soot that will rain down from the sky Avoid exposure to

5. Plan on staying in your shelter for a minimum of 200 hours (8

5. Plan on staying in your shelter for a minimum of 200 hours (8 -9 days). Under no circumstances leave the shelter in the first forty-eight hours. 6. Ration your supplies

7. Be prepared for another attack!

7. Be prepared for another attack!