5 October 2012 The miniTimeCube A Portable Directional

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5 October 2012 The mini-Time-Cube A Portable Directional Anti-Neutrino Detector John Learned Univ. of

5 October 2012 The mini-Time-Cube A Portable Directional Anti-Neutrino Detector John Learned Univ. of Hawaii With credits to all the UH team, IAI Colleagues and others. m. TC at AAP 2012 1

Imaging via fast (<100 ps) timing, not optics (time reversal imaging). m. TC Idea

Imaging via fast (<100 ps) timing, not optics (time reversal imaging). m. TC Idea Small portable 2. 2 liter scintillating cube, Boron doped plastic, later 6 LI. 1536 pixels cover 75% surrounding faces. 13 Millimeter event reconstruction. cm Reject noise on the fly. Get some neutrino directionality through precise determination of topology. 2. 2 liter 5 October 2012 ~10/day electron anti-neutrino interactions (inverse beta decay signature) from power reactor (San Onofre). m. TC at AAP 2012 2

m. TC Virtues • Small size avoids positron annihilation gammas which smear resolution (Xo

m. TC Virtues • Small size avoids positron annihilation gammas which smear resolution (Xo ~42 cm). . gammas mostly escape, permitting precise (mm) positron creation-point location. • Fast pixel timing (<100 ps) and fast pipeline processing of waveforms rejects background in real time. UH made stateof-the-art electronics (see Varner talk). • Having many pixels, plus use of first-in light permits mm precision in vertex locations. • Neutrino directionality via precision positron production and neutron absorption locations. • No need for shielding (unlike other detectors). (? ) • Whole portable system footprint ~1 m x 1 m, rack size, needs 110 AC power and wireless internet. • Feasible even in high noise environment, near reactor vessel, at surface (eg. in a truck). 5 October 2012 m. TC at AAP 2012 3

5 October 2012 Using first light gets topology well below decay time of scintillator.

5 October 2012 Using first light gets topology well below decay time of scintillator. Snapshot of the Fermat Surface for a Single Muon-like. Track Huygens wavelets m. TC at AAP 2012 Incoherent sum coincident with Cherenkov surface: Not polarized! J. Learned ar. Xiv: 0902. 4009 v 1 4

5 October 2012 Time Reversal Image Reconstruction Concept… many reconstruction algorithms being explored m.

5 October 2012 Time Reversal Image Reconstruction Concept… many reconstruction algorithms being explored m. TC at AAP 2012 Figure by Mich Sakai 5

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5 October 2012 Goals of m. TC Program Short term (year scale) • Build

5 October 2012 Goals of m. TC Program Short term (year scale) • Build demonstration 2 liter prototype using state of the art technology • Test in laboratory with sources (gamma and neutron) • Take to reactor and count neutrinos, demonstrate background rejection. • Demonstrate reconstruction ability in software • Explore other than present scintillator (Boron loaded)… ideally 6 Li • Explore utility for immediate physics applications • Publish results, present to scientific community Longer Term (several years) • Design for larger scale Time Cube (m^3 scale), using LAPPDs • Explore utility for km range monitoring in portable containers. • Push on prospects for large scale detectors with some angular resolution m. TC at AAP 2012 13

Immediate Program As of Fall 2012 Biggest problem: Electronics far behind schedule Relied on

Immediate Program As of Fall 2012 Biggest problem: Electronics far behind schedule Relied on need by BELLE II need for these, but this program has been troubled. Hence our students with Gary Varner and Luca Macchiarulo have taken over the realization of the electronics for m. TC (in parallel with BELLE) Get m. TC up and running with one output per PMT (24 x (5 cm)2 pixels) With this we can do studies of sensitivity, noise rates, neutron tagging etc. Aim for data during this Fall 2012 (now starting) Real electronics coming along in Fall 2012 – Spring 2013. Take to reactor in mid-2013. 5 October 2012 m. TC at AAP 2012 14

Summary m. TC represents a new type of IBD detector Uses high resolution pixels

Summary m. TC represents a new type of IBD detector Uses high resolution pixels in time and space reconstruct positron tracks and neutron absorption point to mm resolution Fast pipelined waveform digitization permits on-line filtering Get better angular resolution than other approaches Demonstration next year. Future may yield other physics applications. 5 October 2012 m. TC at AAP 2012 15