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3 Negative Yes/No Questions a Tag Questions This Isn’t Dangerous, Is It? Focus on Grammar 4 Part III, Unit 7 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
“This isn’t dangerous, is it? ” These parachutes work, don’t they? You haven’t done this before, have you? Isn’t this fun? We won’t get hurt, will we?
Use negative yes/no questions and tag questions to: check information you believe to be true OR comment on a situation. I pull the blue cord, don’t I? In both sentences the speaker is commenting on the view. Isn’t the view great? Don’t I pull the blue cord? The In both sentences the speaker believes that he should view great, pullis the blue cord and isn’t it? wants to check this information.
Negative Yes/No Questions Like affirmative yes/no questions, negative yes/no questions begin with a form of be or an auxiliary verb, such as have, do, will, can, or should. Haven’t you had lunch yet? Aren’t sharks vegetarians? Can’t you swim somewhere else? Didn’t you see the shark warning sign?
Tag Questions 1 Form tag questions with statement + tag. The statement expresses an assumption. The tag means Right? OR Isn’t that true? Tag It’s a long way down, isn’t it? Tag Statement I went the wrong way, didn’t I? Statement
Tag Questions 2 If the statement verb is affirmative, the tag verb is negative. If the statement verb is negative, the tag verb is affirmative. Negative Affirmative You won’t talk for too This long, rope will hold me, won’t it? will you? Affirmative Negative
Tag Questions 3 Form the tag with a form of be or an auxiliary verb, such as have, do, will, can, or should. Use the same auxiliary that is in the statement. You bought life insurance, didn’t you? He has done He isn’t this before, joking, is he? hasn’t he?
Be Careful! In the tag, only use pronouns. When the subject of the statement is that, the subject of the tag is it. Tom isn’t enjoying he? this, is Tom? That wasn’t my parachute, was it?
Practice 1 Complete the tag questions with the correct tag. Example: You can swim, … can’t you? 1. This is high enough, isn’t … it? 2. The rope won’t break, will … it? 3. We don’t have enough food, do … we? 4. He didn’t bring the helmets, did … he? 5. She hasn’t given us the right parachutes, … has she? 6. We should check the map, shouldn’t … we? 7. Our guide, Bob, does this all the time, … doesn’t he?
Intonation 1 Use tag questions in conversations when you expect the other person to agree with you. In this type of tag question, the voice falls on the tag. You’re That hurts, doesn’t it? right. I didn’t wear a seat belt. You didn’t wear a seatbelt, did you? This type of tag question is more like a statement than a question. The listener can just nod or say uh-huh to show that he or she is listening and agrees. The speaker is checking information he believes is correct. He expects Uhthe listener to answer huh. (and agree).
Intonation 2 Tag questions can be used to get information. This type of tag question is more like a yes/no question. Like a yes/no question, the voice rises at the end, and you usually get an answer. This isn’t dangerous, That’s is what it? they told us in the skydiving class. The speaker wants to confirm his information because he is not sure it is correct. Well, Thissometimes parachute will open before there are we land, won’t it? sharks.
Answers Answer negative yes/no questions and tag questions the same way you answer affirmative yes/no questions. The answer is no, if the information is There’s not correct. No, it doesn’t. Doesn’t your parachute work? a hospital nearby, isn’t there? Yes, there is. The answer is yes, if the information is correct.
Practice 2 Write dialogues for each picture using tag questions or negative yes/no questions, and answers for each picture. Example: Eels don’t bite, do they? No, we don’t. We just like to hug. 1. 2.
References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.