# 3 3 Rate of change and Slope Rise

• Slides: 13

3 -3 Rate of change and Slope Rise over Run The change of the rise over the change of the run

A quick review Solve 2 x – 5 = 25 Solve 52 – 6 = 3 x -8 Sovle 6 x + 3 = 6 x -2 Solve 9 – 4 x = 1 – 4 x

A quick review The equation P = 3000 – 22. 5 n represents the amount of profit P a catering company earns depending on the number of gusts n. After how many guests will the catering company make no profit? x y (x, y)

A quick review/Slope Graph y = -4 x + 5 where does the graph cross the x-axis? EQ: Why are graphs useful? I will be able to: New Vocabulary …. Use rate of change to solve problems • Rate of change …. Find the slope of a line. • Slope

Important Information https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=ei 3 ASO 9 PEmc To determine if slope is positive or negative, look at the line from left to right (just like you read). Down …negative. UP…positive. horizontal line Y = any number Is always a horizontal line. Vertical line x = any number Is always a vertical line. The slope is zero This is considered undefined or no slope

Some examples Find Rate of Change DRIVING TIME Use the table to find the rate of change. Explain the meaning of the rate of change. . CELL PHONE The table shows how the cost changes with the number of minutes used. Use the table to find the rate of change. Explain the meaning of the rate of change.

Some more examples A. TRAVEL The graph to the right shows the number of U. S. passports issued in 2002, 2004, and 2006. Find the rates of change for 2002– 2004 and 2004– 2006. years millions of passports Explain the meaning of the rate of change in each case. How are the different rates of change shown on the graph?

Some more examples A. Airlines The graph shows the number of airplane departures in the United States in recent years. Find the rates of change for 1995– 2000 and 2000– 2005. Explain the meaning of the slope in each case. How are the different rates of change shown on the graph?

Some more examples Constant Rate of Change A. Determine whether the function is linear. Explain. B. Determine whether the function is linear. Explain.

Some more facts. Find the slope of the line that passes through (- 3, 2) and (4, 4, ) Fine the slope of the line that passes through (-3, -4) and (-2, -8).

Some more examples Find the slope of the line that passes through (-3, 4) and (4, 4) Find the slope of the line that passes through (4, 5) and (7, 6) Find the slope of the line that passes through (-3, 5) and (-2, -7) Find the slope of the line that passes through (-3, -1) and (5, -1)

Some more examples Find the slope of the line that passes through (-2, -4) and (-2, -3) Find the slope of the line that passes through (5, -1) and (5, -3)

Some more examples