3 1 Bellringer What are some reasons why

  • Slides: 10
Download presentation
3 -1 Bellringer � What are some reasons why you would pack up your

3 -1 Bellringer � What are some reasons why you would pack up your belongings and move to another country? � List 2 and explain

CHAPTER 3 SECTION 1 Immigration and Slavery

CHAPTER 3 SECTION 1 Immigration and Slavery

Europeans Migrate to the Colonies � � 1600’s-90% of migrants were from England ½

Europeans Migrate to the Colonies � � 1600’s-90% of migrants were from England ½ of those were indentured servants � Poor immigrants who traded passage to colonies for 7 yrs of work � After 1660 -English immigrants start decreasing. England’s Economy gets better, religious conflicts diminish. People choosing to stay in England

Scots & Scotch-Irish � 3 Waves � 1 st came from Scottish Lowlands �

Scots & Scotch-Irish � 3 Waves � 1 st came from Scottish Lowlands � 2 nd came from Scottish Highlands � 3 rd- province of Ulster in Northern Ireland � � @ 250, 000 Scotch Irish came to colonies Settled in “Back Country” in Pennsylvania to Carolina

Germans � � � @100, 000 Immigrants Mostly Protestant From Rhine Valley in SW

Germans � � � @100, 000 Immigrants Mostly Protestant From Rhine Valley in SW Germany War, taxes, and religious persecution sent Germans to Colonies Pennsylvania was ideal place for Germans because almost no taxes collected

Slavery in the Colonies � � � 1600’s Indentured Servants used as labor; late

Slavery in the Colonies � � � 1600’s Indentured Servants used as labor; late 1600’s a new labor source is needed In beginning slaves treated like indentured servants but 1705 changed that 1705 -Virginia General Assembly-declared all servants imported to be slaves

Transatlantic Slave Trade � � Most were captured in war or by armed men

Transatlantic Slave Trade � � Most were captured in war or by armed men Triangular Trade � 1 st Leg-Europeans traded goods for slaves in West Africa � 2 nd Leg-Middle Passage-Took slaves from Africa to Colonies � 3 rd Leg- Traded slaves to colonies for goods and returned to Europe

Slavery in the North and the South � � � New England/Middle Colonies-small percentage

Slavery in the North and the South � � � New England/Middle Colonies-small percentage of slaves South-majority of slaves; worked on plantations growing tobacco, rice, indigo, or sugar African American population made up large parts of the population in the south

Rebels and Runaways � Rebellion and runaways was happening � Largest Rebellion-South Carolina-1739 -100

Rebels and Runaways � Rebellion and runaways was happening � Largest Rebellion-South Carolina-1739 -100 Slaves killed 20 whites before defeat � � Maroons-runaways who hid in forests or swamps Spanish welcomed runaways to Florida � To � � weaken British Colonies Some Africans obtained Freedom Phillis Wheatley-wrote poems-1 st African American to publish book in 1767 -was granted freedom by owner in 1773