12 -4 The Mughal Empire Tamerlane: A warlord who delighted in war and loot. Delhi: A city in northern India that the Islamic rulers, Sultans, ruled from. The Muslim capital. Babur: a man from Uzbekistan that claimed to be a descendent from Genghis Khan and Tamerlane. He led his followers called the Mughals, into the Indus Valley in 1526. Babur created the Mughal Empire.
Akbar (means “great” in Arabic) : The Grandson of Babur. • He grew up to become the greatest ruler of the Mughal India. • Became a ruler at the age of 13 when his father died. • At the age of 19 he led an army into battle for the first time. • He created a money system to encourage trade. • He based farmers taxes on the fertility of their land. • Allowed Hindus to build temples again. • Had a love for the Arts • When he died in 1605 at the age of 63 his empire was the wealthiest and most powerful. Fatehpur Sikri: The second capital city of the Muslims built by Akbar. The water supply dried up and is now a perfectly preserved museum of Mughal art and architecture.
Shah Jahan: The grandson of Akbar that ruled the empire from 1628 to 1658. • Name means Emperor of the World. • Visitors called him “the Great Mughal” because of the brilliance of his court. Shah: Persian word that means emperor. Mumtaz Mahal: The favorite wife of Shah Jahan. • Died in childbirth. • Shah Jahan built a great tomb for her that took 20 years to build. • This tomb is the famous Taj Mahal which is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.