102 3 FIRST AID BLEEDING AND WOUNDS BURNS

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102. 3 FIRST AID BLEEDING AND WOUNDS BURNS CHOKING FAINTING SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST

102. 3 FIRST AID BLEEDING AND WOUNDS BURNS CHOKING FAINTING SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID EYE INJURY

EXPLORE Have you ever performed first-aid techniques? INSPIRE The safety, protection and welfare of

EXPLORE Have you ever performed first-aid techniques? INSPIRE The safety, protection and welfare of the clients you serve are the reasons you are licensed as a professional. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID

ACHIEVE Following this lesson, you’ll be able to: • State first-aid techniques for bleeding

ACHIEVE Following this lesson, you’ll be able to: • State first-aid techniques for bleeding and wounds • Identify first-aid techniques for chemical and heat or electrical burns • Describe first-aid techniques for choking • Explain first-aid techniques for fainting • Express first-aid techniques for eye injury SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID

Good Samaritan Laws Encourage people to help others in emergency situations • Give legal

Good Samaritan Laws Encourage people to help others in emergency situations • Give legal protection to people who provide emergency care to ill or injured persons • Require that the Good Samaritan use common sense and a reasonable level of skill in emergency situations • SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID

BLEEDING AND WOUNDS 1 2 3 4 Place clean cloth or gauze and gloved

BLEEDING AND WOUNDS 1 2 3 4 Place clean cloth or gauze and gloved hand over wound; apply pressure. 2. Call 9 -1 -1 if bleeding is severe. 3. Elevate injured arm or leg above level of victim’s heart. 4. Secure cloth bandage when bleeding stops. Never use a tourniquet. Have emergency personnel check victim for shock if necessary. 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | BLEEDING AND WOUNDS

BURNS SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | BURNS

BURNS SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | BURNS

CHEMICAL BURNS Rinse away all traces of chemicals while moving away any contaminated clothing.

CHEMICAL BURNS Rinse away all traces of chemicals while moving away any contaminated clothing. 2. Cover burn loosely with clean, dry cloth. 3. Refer person to medical personnel if necessary. 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | BURNS

HEAT OR ELECTRICAL BURNS If skin is not broken, immerse in cool water or

HEAT OR ELECTRICAL BURNS If skin is not broken, immerse in cool water or gently apply cool compress; bandage with clean, dry cloth. 2. Do not break blister if one forms; do not apply ointments or creams. 3. If skin is broken or burns are severe: • Call 9 -1 -1 or other emergency personnel • Do not clean wound • Cover burn loosely 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | BURNS

CHOKING 1 2 3 4 Determine if victim can speak or cough. 2. Stand

CHOKING 1 2 3 4 Determine if victim can speak or cough. 2. Stand behind victim and wrap arms around their stomach. 3. Make a thumbless fist and place just above navel. 4. Perform upward abdominal thrust on the victim. 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | CHOKING

FAINTING Lay victim down on back and allow plenty of fresh air. 2. Reassure

FAINTING Lay victim down on back and allow plenty of fresh air. 2. Reassure victim and apply cold compress to face. 3. If victim vomits, roll them on their side and keep their windpipe clear. 1. Fainting victims typically regain consciousness almost immediately. If this doesn’t happen, the victim could be in serious danger, and you should call 9 -1 -1 ASAP. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | FAINTING

EYE INJURY SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

EYE INJURY SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

CHEMICAL Hold eyelids apart and flush eyeball with lukewarm water for 15 -30 minutes;

CHEMICAL Hold eyelids apart and flush eyeball with lukewarm water for 15 -30 minutes; don’t let runoff water flow into other eye. 2. Place gauze pad or cloth over both eyes and secure with bandage. 3. Get to an eye specialist or emergency room immediately. 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

CUT, SCRATCH OR EMBEDDED OBJECT Place gauze over both eyes and secure with bandage.

CUT, SCRATCH OR EMBEDDED OBJECT Place gauze over both eyes and secure with bandage. 2. Do not try to remove embedded object. 3. Get to an eye specialist or emergency room immediately. 1. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

Safety Data Sheet SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

Safety Data Sheet SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | EYE INJURY

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 1. TRUE FALSE Laws that encourage people to help others

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 1. TRUE FALSE Laws that encourage people to help others in emergency situations by providing legal protection are called Good Samaritan laws. 2. TRUE FALSE When performing first aid for a bleeding wound, elevate an injured arm or leg above the level of the victim's heart if practical. 3. Unless bleeding cannot be controlled, never use a _____. 4. When treating chemical burns, rinse away all traces of chemicals while moving away any contaminated _____. 5. When treating a heat or electrical burn, immerse in cool water or gently apply a cool _____. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 6. If it is determined that a person is choking,

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 6. If it is determined that a person is choking, make a thumbless fist, place just above the navel and perform an upward abdominal _____. 7. If someone has fainted, reassure them and make sure there is plenty of fresh _____. 8. When treating a chemical eye injury, flush the eyeball with lukewarm water for _____ to _____ minutes. 9. For an eye injury, do not try to remove an __________. 10. SDS stands for __________. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 1. TRUE FALSE Laws that encourage people to help others

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 1. TRUE FALSE Laws that encourage people to help others in emergency situations by providing legal protection are called Good Samaritan laws. Page 41 2. TRUE FALSE When performing first aid for a bleeding wound, elevate an injured arm or leg above the level of the victim's heart if practical. Page 41 3. tourniquet Page 41 Unless bleeding cannot be controlled, never use a _____. 4. When treating chemical burns, rinse away all traces of chemicals while moving clothing away any contaminated _____. Page 42 5. When treating a heat or electrical burn, immerse in cool water or gently apply a Page 42 compress cool _____. SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 6. If it is determined that a person is choking

CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW 6. If it is determined that a person is choking make a thumbless fist, place just above thrust navel and perform an upward abdominal _____. Page 42 7. If someone has fainted, reassure them and make sure there is plenty of fresh _____. Page 43 air 8. When treating a chemical eye injury, flush the eyeball with lukewarm water for 15 30 _____ to _____ minutes. Page 43 9. For an eye injury, do not try to remove an _____ embedded _____. object Page 43 10. Data Safety SDS stands for __________. Sheet SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | CHECK WHAT YOU KNOW Page 43

102. 3 REVIEW BLEEDING AND WOUNDS • Place cloth, apply pressure, cover with bandage

102. 3 REVIEW BLEEDING AND WOUNDS • Place cloth, apply pressure, cover with bandage • If bleeding is severe, call 9 -1 -1 • Never use a tourniquet unless bleeding cannot be controlled BURNS: Chemical • Rinse, cover and refer to medical personnel if necessary BURNS: Heat or Electrical • Immerse burned, unbroken skin in cool water or apply cool compress • Bandage with clean, dry cloth • Do not break blister or apply ointments or creams • Call 9 -1 -1 if burns are severe SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | REVIEW

102. 3 REVIEW CHOKING • Determine if victim can speak or cough • Call

102. 3 REVIEW CHOKING • Determine if victim can speak or cough • Call 9 -1 -1 if victim is not getting enough air • Perform an upward abdominal thrust on the victim FAINTING • Lay victim down on back • Apply cold compress • Keep the windpipe clear • Call 9 -1 -1 if needed SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | REVIEW

102. 3 REVIEW EYE INJURY: Chemical • Flush eyeball • Position bandage • Get

102. 3 REVIEW EYE INJURY: Chemical • Flush eyeball • Position bandage • Get to emergency personnel EYE INJURY: Cut, Scratch or Embedded Object • Position bandage • Do not try to remove embedded object • Get to emergency personnel Safety Data Sheet (SDS) • Provides information if allergic reaction to a product or injury occurs SCIENCE 102. 3 FIRST AID | REVIEW