- Slides: 72
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What document stated that if the government doesn’t secure peoples natural rights, the people have the right to abolish it.
The Declaration of Independence
What are the natural rights and who thought of these?
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness/ Property; John Locke
To make sure that one branch of government does not have to much power the delegates created a system of…
Checks and Balances
This man what known as the “Father of the Constitution” and a Federalist who did not see the need for a Bill of Rights to be added to the Constitution
The Great Compromise resulted in what?
A bicameral Congress, the Senate equally represented and the House based on population
What “clause” of the 1 st Amendment allows a student to wear religious clothing to school?
The Free Exercise Clause
Freedom of religion for citizens of the United States is protected by what amendment?
st 1 Amendment
The “Free Exercise Clause” of the st 1 Amendment means:
That people have the right to choose what religion they want to practice and how to practice it.
In which clause of the first amendment does it state that the federal government cannot create a religion for the entire nation?
The Establishment Clause
In the court case Engle vs. Vital (1962) the Court ruled that you couldn’t do this in public schools.
An ideology that the church should help the poor
The Social Gospel Movement
Why were the Federalist Papers written?
To gain support for the Constitution
This document was created to protect individual liberties.
The Bill of Rights
Who came up with the idea of a Social Contract (the people give up rights in order to be protected by the government)
Who created Hull House for the poor?
What were the goal of labor unions at the turn of the century?
1. Better working conditions 2. Better wages 3. Improved safety 4. Shorter working hours
What is the term used to describe the rapid growth of cities
How did industrialization affect the distribution of wealth in America?
Only a few people became very rich
Why were Industrialists called “Robber Barons”?
They used ruthless business tactics to get rid of their competition
Many industrial leaders did not feel guilty for the fortunes they made because they believed in this theory
A person who wanted to reform society was called a…
Upton Sinclare wrote the book “The Jungle” about the meat packing industry which prompted Congress to pass this act
The Pure Food and Drug Act
This Amendment created a Federal income tax
th 16 Amendment
A person who exposed the horrors of the industrial revolution was called a…
This person was a “Progressive President” who helped pass the Meat Inspection Act, set up National Parks and placed regulations on businesses
Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt
To make or become better
Combinations of companies to gain control of an industry and reduce competition
Moving forward or to a better condition
a closely organized system of beliefs, values, and ideas forming the basis of a social, economic, or political philosophy or program.
a system in which power is divided between a central government and state governments
When is the 1 st Quarter Benchmark