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RECOGNITION THE MESSIANIC PROPHECY BIBLE PROJECT http: //www. messianicbible. com www. hearoisrael. org HEAR

RECOGNITION THE MESSIANIC PROPHECY BIBLE PROJECT http: //www. messianicbible. com www. hearoisrael. org HEAR O ISRAEL SHEEPFOLD GLEANINGS WRITTEN BY JULIE PARKER www. sheepfoldgleanings. com MESSIANIC ISRAEL ALLIANCE http: //www. messianicisrael. com AZAMRA TORAH FOR OUR TIME – RABBI AVRAHAM GREENBAUM http: //www. azamra. org 2

VIYIGRA “And He called” Torah: Leviticus 1: 1 -5: 19 Haftorah: Isaiah 43: 21

VIYIGRA “And He called” Torah: Leviticus 1: 1 -5: 19 Haftorah: Isaiah 43: 21 -44: 23 B’rit Chadashah: Mark 7: 1 -30, Hebrews 10: 1 -14, 13: 10 -16 All references: The Scripture 1998+ unless otherwise noted 3

MOSES COULD NOT ENTER We have learned “why” the Almighty desired for the Tabernacle

MOSES COULD NOT ENTER We have learned “why” the Almighty desired for the Tabernacle to be built: “And they shall make Me a Set-apart Place, and I shall dwell in their midst. (Exodus 25: 8) We saw the Shekinah glory of יהוה come down to fill the Tabernacle: And the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the esteem of יהוה filled the Dwelling Place. (Exodus 40: 34) So we’ve accomplished the goal, right? He is dwelling among us. Something is still amiss: And Mosheh was not able to come into the Tent of Meeting, because the cloud dwelt on it, and the esteem of יהוה filled the Dwelling Place. (Exodus 40: 35) The glory of יהוה has come down to fill the Tabernacle, and even the faithful Moshe is not able to enter the place where He is dwelling. This leads us into the book of Vayikra: 4

HEART OF THE TORAH The book of Vayikra, as the 3 rd book of

HEART OF THE TORAH The book of Vayikra, as the 3 rd book of Moshe, is the heart of the Torah. Aleph-Beis and are just starting to read, commence their study of the CHUMASH (Five Books of Moses) with VAYIKRA Jewish teacher Avraham Yehoshua Greenbaum writes: “…the Torah code of sacrifices and purification may appear ancient, primitive, complicated and irrelevant. But if we are willing to explore the Torah with the fresh eyes of children, ready to take the word of G-d on trust, with faith and belief, we can discover that the sacrificial system contains the keys to repentance and the healing of the soul and the entire world. ” “Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the reign of Elohim as a little child, shall certainly not enter into it. ” (Mark 10: 15) 5

LAW OF THE PRIESTS The oldest name for the Third Book of Moses is

LAW OF THE PRIESTS The oldest name for the Third Book of Moses is Torat Kohanim (Law of the Priests). It describes the Temple sacrifices, the functions of the priesthood (Kohanim), and the duties of Israel, the priestly nation. Vayikra contains 247 of the 613 instructions in the Torah. Known as the book of the Levitical Law, it is considered to be the most “Jewish” of the Bible. It is also the least understood and studied by the Christian community. For a cynical, sophisticated age that feels entitled to call anything and everything into question, the Torah code of sacrifices and purification may appear ancient, primitive, complicated and irrelevant. But if we are willing to explore the Torah with the fresh eyes of children, ready to take the word of יהוה on trust, with faith and belief, we can discover that the sacrificial system contains the keys to repentance and the healing of the soul and the entire world. 6

VAYIKRa In the original Hebrew text, the word Vayikra has one specific feature: it's

VAYIKRa In the original Hebrew text, the word Vayikra has one specific feature: it's written with a little aleph at the end. There are three sizes of the letters in Torah – intermediate, oversized and miniature – and every time we have a letter of a different size there is a specific message. In its appearance the aleph ( )א is very insignificant. The standard size letters spell out the word vayikar, which can mean “and he encountered” or “and he chanced upon”. Unlike vayikra which refers to a “calling” or a “purposeful meeting by request”, vayikar suggests an “accidental meeting” or just a “mere event”. The sages have pointed out the differences between the call to Moshe which begins Vayikra and ’יהוה s appearance to the pagan prophet Bilaam: And יהוה came to Bilʽam, and put a word in his mouth, and said, “Go back to Balaq, and say this. ” (Numbers 23: 16) . Thus it is pointed out that יהוה reveals Himself to the pagan Balaam by an incomplete form of address (vayikar), whereas to the prophets of Israel He appears in a complete form of address containing the aleph. 7

 א The pictograph of the aleph is an ox head, representing power and

א The pictograph of the aleph is an ox head, representing power and strength. The golden calf that the Israelites worshipped showed their association with Elohim and the ox. The aleph points to the Almighty as many of the titles for יהוה begin with this letter – El, Elohim, El Shaddai, Elohay Tzvaoth etc. יהוה , by virtue of His leaving off the aleph in His appearance (vayikar), did not completely reveal Himself to the pagan Balaam. His call to Balaam was only for the purpose of accomplishing His will. The small aleph in Vayikra 1: 1 is also a visual of what our strong and powerful Messiah did for us (humbled Himself) in order that we are now even able to RESPOND to His call (vayikra) to us: For, let this mind be in you which was also in Messiah יהושע , who, being in the form of Elohim, did not regard equality with Elohim a matter to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, and came to be in the likeness of men. (Philippians 2: 5 -7) 8

 LARGE AND SMALL א A contrast on the small aleph is that you

LARGE AND SMALL א A contrast on the small aleph is that you can find a large aleph in the ancient scrolls at the beginning of the first word in 1 Chronicles 1: 1: אדם The small aleph is understood to represent the humility of Moshe (and by association, Yeshua), whereas the large aleph represents the arrogance of Adam, or man in general. We know that the cause of the first sin was the arrogant attitudes of Adam and Chava (Eve) who believed the words of the serpent who told them that if they ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they would become as great as Elohim! Moshe and Yeshua…both portrayed very humble people. Mostly, the aleph is a silent letter at the end of a word. The small aleph teaches us that we must be very sensitive to the call. For those who look, it will be visible. For those who listen, you will hear the difference. If you do not look or listen, vayikra will become vayikar. We do not want to be without the aleph! 9

LAW OF LIFE The early church fathers discarded ’יהוה s Torah (His loving teaching

LAW OF LIFE The early church fathers discarded ’יהוה s Torah (His loving teaching and instruction) altogether, calling His teaching (Torah) nomos (law) instead of life. Nomos is a word that relates to the law of sin and death, not the law of life. Only the priest is allowed to enter the tabernacle/mishkan, thus it is important the bride understand the principles of the tabernacle/temple (Ezekiel 43: 10 -12). Learning to walk in His courts correctly brings abundant life. Leviticus is where we gain understanding of life in Yeshua, called Spirit Life, which provides oil for the bride’s lamp. Without Leviticus (our instruction book), we will not know how to live in the bridal chamber as it is a manual for life. Obeying His instructions is operating in the realms of life which leads to abundant blessings. Doing what He has asked us to do is called “faith” (holiness) (Hebrews 11). This is how He knows we love Him: when we do what He has asked us to do by walking in obedience to His Word which contains His love, His will and 10 purpose for our lives. (John 13: 34 -15: 17).

SEPARATE Many who have become believers in Yeshua have labeled Vayikra as “obsolete” or

SEPARATE Many who have become believers in Yeshua have labeled Vayikra as “obsolete” or “done away with”. In doing so, they have thrown out the holiness code and have lost the instructions on how to “draw near” to יהוה in order that He might “dwell with us”: And what agreement has Messiah with Beliyaʽal? Or what part does a believer have with an unbeliever? And what union has the Dwelling Place of Elohim with idols? For you are a Dwelling Place of the living Elohim, as Elohim has said, “I shall dwell in them and walk among them, and I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people. ” Therefore, “Come out from among them and be separate, says יהוה , and do not touch what is unclean, and I shall receive you. (2 Corinthians 6: 15 -17) By ignoring the sacrifices, a believer cannot have the proper understanding of what Yeshua’s sacrifice did for us…or better yet, what His sacrifice continues to do for us. The sacrificial system taught how the death sentence יהוה decreed against man, as a sinner, was atoned for when an innocent animal died in his place. 11

DRAWING NEAR Leviticus opens in Chapter 1, verse 1 with; Va. Yiqra el Moshe

DRAWING NEAR Leviticus opens in Chapter 1, verse 1 with; Va. Yiqra el Moshe va‟ye daber YHVH eli m‟ohel mo‟ed la‟amar… or, in English, And יהוה called to Moshe, and spoke to him from the Tent of Meeting, saying… Verse 2; “Speak to the children of Yisra‟el, and say to them, „When anyone of you brings an offering to יהוה , you bring your offering of the (behemah) livestock, of the cattle (bakar) or of the flock (tzon). ” The Hebrew word for “offering” is Strong‟s #7133, “qorban” and is from the root “qarab “, #7126 which means to “draw near”. The “Qorban” is the act of “drawing near”. Qorban is spelled “kuf–reish–beit-nun”. The numeric value of these letters is 353 which equals “moshiav” or “restoration”. Observant Jews today understand that the word(s) “Torah” and “Torot” (plural) mean “instructions” and “teachings”. So, as they learn these teachings of the qorbanot (offerings) and understand their inner significance and the statement these offerings make about the relationship between mankind and Elohim, in one way 12 it’s as if they are performing this service to יהוה , even today.

OFFER OURSELVES Now, the rabbis point out a grammatical inconsistency in this verse. The

OFFER OURSELVES Now, the rabbis point out a grammatical inconsistency in this verse. The English translation of this verse that we read, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and say to them, „When anyone of you offers an offering to יהוה , you bring your offering of the livestock, of the cattle or of the flock. ” isn’t how the verse is written. We would expect to read in the Hebrew, the phrase “adam mikem ki yakrib”, or "when one of you offers an offering". Instead, what it says is “adam ki yakrib mikem”, or "when one offers an offering of you". The essence of the “offering”, say the rabbis, is that we offer ourselves. We bring to יהוה our faculties, our energies, our thoughts and emotions. The physical form of the “qorban”, the animal offered on the altar, is only the external manifestation of an inner act. This word is found 25 times in our parasha. The real offering is “mikem”, "of you". We give יהוה something of 13 ourselves.

CHOICE In Hebrew, the root karav – the one from which the words lehakreev

CHOICE In Hebrew, the root karav – the one from which the words lehakreev , to sacrifice, and korban, sacrifice, are formed - is the same root that forms the word lehitkarev – to come near, to draw near, to come closer. If you want lehitkarev le. Elohim, to come closer to God – you have to lehakreev, to go through korban, sacrifice. It is the same process, the same root. And only when we learn to sacrifice does the real closeness, the real intimacy with God come. This new closeness with God is even greater than we previously experienced. God stops us – because He wants us closer to Himself. He wants us lehakreev - and by doing that, lehitkarev. We always have this choice: to recognize the presence of God, the hand of God, the voice of God – or to see just a cloud, interfering with our plans. When Yeshua is saying: "Father, glorify Your name, " and the Voice from heaven answers Him (John 12: 27 -29), among the people who stood by and heard, were those who said: "it was thunder!" It is always our choice: to recognize God's voice from heaven – or to hear just thunder. 14

YESHUA In the 1 st century, some of the Pharisees had elevated their own

YESHUA In the 1 st century, some of the Pharisees had elevated their own traditions to being sufficient for “drawing near” to the Almighty, and called them “Qorban”. When people elevated traditions over the Word, Yeshua always set them straight: And He said to them, “Well do you set aside the command of Elohim, in order to guard your tradition. “For Mosheh said, ‘Respect your father and your mother, ’ and, ‘He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death. ’ “But you say, ‘If a man says to his father or mother, “Whatever profit you might have received from me, is Qorban (that is, a gift), ” ’ you no longer let him do any matter at all for his father or his mother, nullifying the Word of Elohim through your tradition which you have handed down. And many such traditions you do. ” (Mark 7: 9 -13) Thus we can understand “Qorban” to be an expression of worship, as taught by יהוה , whereby one is able to bring the 15 offering of his commitment and loyalty to his Creator.

OFFERINGS There are five major types of offerings or korbanote (plural of Qorban): 1.

OFFERINGS There are five major types of offerings or korbanote (plural of Qorban): 1. Olah (Elevation offering) – for total consecration of the offerer’s life to יהוה 2. Mincha (Grain offering) – token of the offerer’s life to his fellow man 3. Shelamim (Peace offering) – symbolizes fellowship between יהוה and His people 4. Chatat (Sin offering) – brought to atone for personal or congregational sin 5. Asham (Guilt offering) – brought for sins not considered as serious as the sin offering, swearing falsely, etc. All of these different types of offerings are for drawing near to יהוה. However, only the last two are offered for sins. The first three are also voluntary offerings, whereas the last two are commanded. 16

JPS TORAH COMMENTARY Baruch A. Levine in The JPS Torah Commentary notes that: “the

JPS TORAH COMMENTARY Baruch A. Levine in The JPS Torah Commentary notes that: “the chatat and the asham were offered for the purpose of securing God’s forgiveness. Their Presentation was obligatory, pursuant to transgressions of religious law, committed either by omission or through inadvertent violations. In most cases, the sacrifice served to remove the charge against the offenders and to restore them to a proper relationship with Elohim and to fit membership in the religious community. ” 17

TYPES OF SIN To understand sacrifices and some very important and misunderstood concepts of

TYPES OF SIN To understand sacrifices and some very important and misunderstood concepts of the Brit Chadasha, we must also understand that there are two basic types of sins: Intentional and Unintentional The definitions of these words can vary slightly from our Western mindset. It appears that only those sins committed in out-right rebellion are termed as “intentional”. Sins committed because of carelessness, or omission, or because of perhaps fear are usually defined as unintentional. However, the important point to remember is that under the Levitical system, there is NO sacrifice for intentional sin. That meant technically EVERYONE could be found guilty under the Law because all have sinned! For there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and does not sin. (Ecclesiastes 7: 20) ‘But the being who does whatever defiantly, … he reviles יהוה , and that being shall be cut off from among his people. ‘Because he has despised the word of יהוה , and has broken His command, 18 that being shall certainly be cut off, his crookedness is upon him. ’

ATONEMENT Atonement – means being Reconciled to God. But your crookednesses have separated you

ATONEMENT Atonement – means being Reconciled to God. But your crookednesses have separated you from your Elohim. And your sins have hidden His face from you, from hearing. (Isaiah 59: 2) The Torah reveals that our sins separate us from God (Isaiah 59: 2), and that the offering (also called oleh in Hebrew, which means to go up) or blood sacrifice is necessary to reconcile us to Him. ‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life. ’ (Leviticus 17: 11) The word atonement in English actually comes from at-onement, and originally it meant to be at one, or at harmony with someone. Behind this word is a sense of a dispute being resolved and a relationship reconciled. Similar to the word atonement, the Hebrew word koper means to atone, to reconcile, or to bring back into unity, persons at variance with one another. The atoning sacrifice, therefore, re 19 establishes a right relationship with God.

BURNT OFFERING ‘If his offering is a burnt offering of the herd, let him

BURNT OFFERING ‘If his offering is a burnt offering of the herd, let him bring a male, a perfect one. Let him bring it at the door of the Tent of Meeting, for his acceptance before יהוה. ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him. ‘And he shall slaughter the bull before יהוה. And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall bring the blood and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. ‘And he shall skin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces. ‘And the sons of Aharon the priest shall put fire on the altar, and lay the wood in order on the fire. ‘And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall arrange the pieces, with the head and the fat on the wood which is on the fire on the altar. ‘But its entrails and its legs he washes with water. And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה. ‘And if his offering is from the flock, from the sheep or from the goats as a burnt offering, let him bring a male, a perfect one. (Leviticus 1: 3 -20 10)

THE OLAH – A volunteer offering In Hebrew the elevation offering is called the

THE OLAH – A volunteer offering In Hebrew the elevation offering is called the olah, meaning: to cause to ascend up to יהוה as a flame and smoke ascent by burning. In Greek olah is holocausta, which conveys its meaning as being wholly burnt. The olah is brought by a person to atone for his sins of impure thoughts. Does the olah apply to believers today? Yes, Since the tabernacle is in us and we are ministering priests before יהוה the question is what would the offering be today? The olah is how we elevate other people before יהוה. When יהוה dwells in us and we fellowship with each other, יהוה dwells in our midst. This becomes the elevation/olah offering. It is all about how we treat people and how we handle others; this reveals our approach to יהוה. Treating others well is the elevation offering. When we come face to face with others we come presence to presence with יהוה as Yeshua dwells within us. “For where two or three are gathered together in My Name, there I am in their midst. ” (Matthew 18: 20) 21

LAYING YOURSELF DOWN The person brings the offering to the door, or entrance of

LAYING YOURSELF DOWN The person brings the offering to the door, or entrance of the Tent of Meeting. There, “he is to lay his hands on the head of the offering, and it shall be accepted on his behalf to make atonement for him”. Laying his hands on the head of the offering, he is leaning on the animal, laying himself upon and identifying himself with his offering. This is a very dramatic picture of this “offering”, this “qorban” (drawing near) being “of you”. The same way we are to lay our old natures on the stake and draw near to Yeshua by taking up His cross on a daily basis. And those who are of Messiah have impaled the flesh with its passions and the desires. (Galatians 5: 24) And He said to them all, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his stake daily, and follow Me. (Luke 9: 23) 22

DRAWING NEAR There is also a great Hebrew word play in verse 9, as

DRAWING NEAR There is also a great Hebrew word play in verse 9, as we‟re told that the priest is to wash the entrails and the legs with water and then offer them as a burnt offering. The word translated as entrails (or inward parts) is “qereb”, Strong‟s #7130”. “Qarab” (drawing near) and “qereb” (inward parts) are spelled the same, but with different vowel points. “Qereb” is defined as the “inner part” or “seat of thought and emotion or personality”. The word translated as legs here is “qara”, Strong‟s #3767 meaning also “to bow down” or “kneel”. “Qarab” – “qereb” – “qara”. This process of drawing near to יהוה , our High Priest washes our personality (our heart or inner man). And, “qara” (the legs) is a picture of our kneeling before Him, in the “waters” (“living waters”) of the “Mikveh”. Of course the blood of bulls and goats never took away sin. As a “covering”, it was a picture of our atonement, Yahshua; as we read from the Brit Chadashah reading this week in Hebrews 10. It was about us drawing near to יהוה and the resulting work He does in us. 23

GRATIFICATION OF יהוה SPIRIT. . It is a burnt offering, an offering made by

GRATIFICATION OF יהוה SPIRIT. . It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה. (Leviticus 1: 13) It is a sweet fragrance, a sweet savor. But, just what does that mean? The Hebrew words used for “sweet fragrance” are “reyach” (fragrance), spelled reish-yud-chet and “nicho‟ach” (sweet) spelled nun-yud-chet. “Reish-yud-chet” also spells “Ruach” (Spirit) and that the root word for “nicho‟ach” is “Nunchet-chet”, which spells “Nachat”, which is “satisfaction” or “gratification”. This “sweet fragrance” is also the “gratification of ’ יהוה s Spirit”. So, this asks the question, “Why? ” “How does the offering of an animal bring gratification to the Holy Spirit of ”? יהוה Because Yah said so, and it has been done. “His will was our will! Just as in those primordial days of creation, when G-d spoke and reality came into being, at last a perfect intimacy and alignment of desire and action, the human and the Divine, has occurred. Look no further: This is what G-d wants. This is why He created and this is why He placed man at the front and the 24 centre of His creation. That His will be done!”

PERFECT AND WITHOUT DEFECT Why the animals? It’s not the flesh of these animals

PERFECT AND WITHOUT DEFECT Why the animals? It’s not the flesh of these animals that’s important. It’s their spiritual integrity that matters. They are pure and innocent. This is why יהוה states throughout the Torot of animal offerings that they be perfect and without defect. This goes beyond the physical. Their behaviour is examined as well. Scripture makes it abundantly clear that Yeshua, the Suffering Messiah (the sacrificial offering), was found to be without fault, sin, or blemish. Eg. Pilate symbolically washed his hands in a basin and said, . . Pilate said to them, “You take Him and impale Him, for I find no guilt in Him. ” (John 19: 6) During the time of the Temple, before the Passover lamb was slain as a sacrifice and offered to God, it was to be inspected for four days in order to make sure that it was a pure and without blemish (tamim). Similarly, before Yeshua was slain on Passover as the unblemished Lamb of God, He entered Jerusalem and taught in the Temple for four days in full view of the people and religious leaders. 25

MEAL OFFERING ‘And when anyone brings a grain offering to יהוה , his offering

MEAL OFFERING ‘And when anyone brings a grain offering to יהוה , his offering is to be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it, and he shall bring it to the sons of Aharon, the priests, and he shall take from it his hand filled with fine flour and oil with all the frankincense. And the priest shall burn it as a remembrance portion on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה. ‘And the rest of the grain offering is for Aharon and his sons, most set-apart of the offerings to יהוה by fire. . . ‘No grain offering which you bring to יהוה is made with leaven, for you do not burn any leaven or any honey in an offering to יהוה made by fire. ‘Bring them to יהוה as an offering of the first-fruits, but they are not burned on the altar for a sweet fragrance. ‘And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you bring salt. ‘And if you bring a grain offering of your first-fruits to יהוה , bring for the grain offering of your first-fruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, . . (Leviticus 2: 1 -16) 26

GRAIN These verses speak of the “Mincha” or “grain offering” a freewill offering. “Grain”

GRAIN These verses speak of the “Mincha” or “grain offering” a freewill offering. “Grain” is a picture of “people” in Scripture. Verse 2 „And when anyone brings a grain offering to יהוה , his offering is to be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it, ‟ As we‟ve seen, an “offering”, “qorban”, is a “drawing near”. So, when we, the “grain”, offer ourselves (“yakrib mikem”), “draw near” to Elohim, we are to come as “fine flour”. The presentation of flour as an offering was very labourintensive. First the wheat had to be planted and cared for by watering and weeding before the harvest. The grains were then crushed and ground into flour that was sifted (13 times) before being offering to Yahweh. The word for “fine flour” here is “solet” (samech-lamed-tav) which literally means “peeled barley” or “grain with the outer shell (husk) peeled away leaving the inner head, or self, exposed”. It also refers to grain that is sifted, shaken and re-sifted until it is 27 very fine or refined.

FIRST GRAIN OFFERING The “grain offering” cooked in the “oven”. The Hebrew word here

FIRST GRAIN OFFERING The “grain offering” cooked in the “oven”. The Hebrew word here is “tanuwr” (tav-nun-vav-reish) which literally means “furnace” as in the “furnace of affliction”. Moshe told the Children of Yisra‟el in Deuteronomy 4: 20: “But יהוה has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Mitsrayim, to be His people, an inheritance, as it is today. And, in Isaiah 48: 10: “See, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have chosen you in the furnace of affliction. This offering prepared in the oven or furnace represents the “Passover” as it refers to the “deliverance” out of Mitzrayim, the “furnace of affliction”, which took B’nei Yisra’el to Sinai. 28

SECOND GRAIN OFFERING Second offering comes from the Hebrew word for “griddle” is “machabat”

SECOND GRAIN OFFERING Second offering comes from the Hebrew word for “griddle” is “machabat” (mem-chet-bet-tav) and comes from the word for “flat cakes”, “chabeth” which is from two roots, “chai” or “life” and “beit” or “house” or “dwelling”. Notice that this grain offering is first mixed with oil, then divided into bits and then has oil poured on it. Why double oil? What is this a picture of? If oil is the Ruach, then there are two outpourings; One at “Shavu’ot” in Acts Chapter 2 and the one in the latter days, as Kepha spoke in Acts 2: 16 -21. “This “grain offering” on the “griddle” represents Shavu’ot and brings together the giving of the Torah at Sinai and the outpouring of Ruach Ha. Kodesh. Notice how it says that this offering is to be divided into bits before the oil is poured upon it. This is why The Spirit gave diverse tongues to the talmidim; in order for this divided grain offering to hear and understand, and then believe. This is our “Deliverance” by the blood of Yahshua and the working out of our Salvation in fear and trembling through our return to Torah. 29

THIRD GRAIN OFFERING The offering prepared in the “stewing pot”. The Hebrew word here

THIRD GRAIN OFFERING The offering prepared in the “stewing pot”. The Hebrew word here is “marcheshet” (mem-reish-chet-shin-tav) which means “cauldron” and “boiling” or “refining pot” speaking of the very last days. Zechariah the prophet wrote these words from יהוה in And it shall be throughout all the soil, ” declares יהוה , “that two thirds therein are cut off and die, and one third is left therein. “And I shall bring the third into fire, and refine them as silver is refined, and try them as gold is tried. . . (Zechariah 13: 8 -9) The word “nekhoshet”, means “copper” or “bronze”, that represents “harlotry” and/or “idolatry”; which is what is being refined out of the “grain offering” or “mincha”, as it is prepared. Three times the prophet Isaiah talks about the future refining of B’nei Yisra’el in the same context as the “Ingathering of the exiles”. If we read a chapter on either side of chapter 25, you’ll see that there is no mistake when these things come about. This “grain offering” prepared in the refiner’s cauldron is speaking of the “deliverance” yet to come, at the “Feast of Ingathering”, 30 “Sukkot”, the third pilgrimage feast.

GRAIN OFFERINGS Are there three grain offerings here, or just one? Where are these

GRAIN OFFERINGS Are there three grain offerings here, or just one? Where are these offerings prepared? At home? At the altar of Elohim? We need to understand that these offerings are prepared, “cooked” or “baked”, in our dwellings, homes and communities. We make them and prepare them ourselves and then bring them to the priest and before יהוה. These represent three periods in history and the “appointed seasons” or “Mo’edi” as we read earlier regarding the times of “deliverance”. “Three times a year all your males appear before יהוה your Elohim in the place which He chooses: at the Festival of Unleavened Bread, and at the Festival of Weeks, and at the Festival of Booths. And none should appear before יהוה empty-handed, but each one with the gift of his hand, according to the blessing of יהוה your Elohim which He has given you. (Deuteronomy 16: 16 -17) This command went beyond just silver or money. It included the “mincha” or “grain offering” from the home, It‟s about coming before Elohim with the “yakrib mikem”, the “offering of you”. 31

YESHUA There were different ways of preparing the minchah. First, as an unleavened cake

YESHUA There were different ways of preparing the minchah. First, as an unleavened cake baked in the oven as a cake or wafer and, second, prepared over the fire in a griddle then “broken” in pieces (representing Yeshua’s body that was broken for us). The third manner was to cook it in a pan. But He was pierced for our transgressions, He was crushed for our crookednesses. The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed. (Isaiah 53: 5) As Yeshua gave up his body we are give up our bodies: And taking bread, giving thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you, do this in remembrance of Me. ” (Luke 22: 19) 32

PURE AND HOLY “Solet” oil is then poured over it, it is anointed. “Frankincense”

PURE AND HOLY “Solet” oil is then poured over it, it is anointed. “Frankincense” is put in it. The word for “frankincense”” is “lebanah” which comes from the root “laban” or “white”. Lebanah (frankincense) is a pure sweet smelling substance that is a key ingredient in the Setapart (kadosh) incense that is burned before יהוה. In other words, when we come before Him, offering ourselves to our Elohim, we set ourselves apart; we make ourselves ready, with our inner man exposed, anointed and white or pure. יהוה indeed completes this process in us. But we are to separate ourselves from that which defiles us. I call upon you, therefore, brothers, through the compassion of Elohim, to present your bodies a living offering – set-apart, well-pleasing to Elohim – your reasonable worship. (Romans 12: 1) 33

NO LEAVEN ‘No grain offering which you bring to יהוה is made with leaven,

NO LEAVEN ‘No grain offering which you bring to יהוה is made with leaven, for you do not burn any leaven or any honey in an offering to יהוה made by fire. (Leviticus 2: 11) When we make an offering of the “grain”, “ourselves” in “drawing near” to our Elohim, there cannot be sin in us. This reminds us that our deliverance is made complete in Yahshua. The Hebrew word for “honey” is “debash” (dalet-bet-shin) which is from “debor”, as in “Deborah” or “bee” and means also “that which is sweet”. “Debor” shares the same spelling as “debar” which means the “word”. In Hebrew thought, “honey” represents the “sweetness of the Word” of Elohim. This is a warning not to place “sin” and the “Word of ”יהוה upon the altar of our Elohim. For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Setapart Spirit, and have tasted the good Word of Elohim and the powers of the age to come, and fall away, to renew them again to repentance – having impaled for themselves the Son of Elohim 34 again, and put Him to open shame. (Hebrews 6: 4 -6)

COVENANT OF SALT ‘And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and

COVENANT OF SALT ‘And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you bring salt. (Leviticus 2: 13) As Children of יהוה we are joined to Him through a Covenant of Salt (Numbers 18: 19; 2 Chronicles 13: 5; Matthew 5: 13). The term “Covenant of Salt” is indicative of the everlasting nature of the Covenant relationship between the children of salt, and their Creator יהוה. It is ’יהוה s desire to be sealed with us in an eternal covenant relationship, seasoned with salt. At Hebrew weddings the Covenant of Salt is shared between the bride and the groom in response to the covenant they were making between each other held for them in eternity with יהוה. Salt also symbolized hospitality. ’יהוה s people should be the world’s most hospitable people. 35

SALT In the past, when you settled a dispute with your neighbour you would

SALT In the past, when you settled a dispute with your neighbour you would then invite the person into your home to share a dish of salt. Each of you would lick your finger, dip it in the salt and then eat the salt together. This was the symbol of friendship that healed the rift. This is why the offerings we make to Him are salted, to heal any innocent violation or offence we have made to יהוה or our fellow man. Salt is a preservative that prevents decay and corruption. It is eternal, purifying, never changing, and abiding forever. Salt is the very symbol of ’יהוה s character and reliability His, faithfulness. Salt is pure, germs cannot live in it; in the same way, believers also are to be pure. Salt purifies; as such, believers are called to be the salt of the earth (Matthew 5: 13). They purify the world by not accepting false philosophies, dishonest ways of doing business, selfish desires, etc. Salt added for the flavour and satisfaction of a meal represents how believers should add spiritual interest, hope and excitement to other people’s lives. Salt produces thirst; the believer should produce spiritual thirst in 36 those around them.

SYMBOL FOR US The qualities found in salt are the qualities found in the

SYMBOL FOR US The qualities found in salt are the qualities found in the character and attitude of the priesthood, the bride of Yeshua. “You are the salt of the earth, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall it be seasoned? For it is no longer of any use but to be thrown out and to be trodden down by men. (Matthew 5: 13) “For everyone shall be seasoned with fire, and every offering shall be seasoned with salt. “Salt is good, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace among one another. ” (Mark 9: 49 -50) Let your word always be with favour, seasoned with salt, so that you know how you ought to answer each one. (Colossians 4: 6) Lack of salt in the diet leads to an energy graveyard; a month without salt and a person would die a slow agonizing death – you consider the (spiritual) analogy! Sodium regulates the passage of nutrients into the cells. Nutrients cannot enter your cells and you have malnutrition and exhaustion no matter how good your diet. Without Yahweh we are spiritually starved and morally exhausted. 37

SALT IS LIFE One of the best ways to maintain health is to replenish

SALT IS LIFE One of the best ways to maintain health is to replenish it with natural organic elements contained in real sea-salt or Himalayan salt, not synthetic substitutes. Without salt, we run out of electrolytes, and without electrolytes, our batteries die out. Just a small amount each day recharges the cells, and energizes the mind and body. Salt Baths: The antiseptic and hygienic healing powers of saltwater baths are well known from the ancient world to modern times. They are rich in minerals and microelements and have wonderful therapeutic properties. The healing properties include rehabilitating the skin, the immune system, circulatory system, respiratory system and much more. People come from all over the world to sit and enjoy therapy that comes from the high content of salt from the Dead Sea. There also therapeutic cosmetic companies who sell the mud and cosmetics made from the Dead Sea for their healing qualities. 38

PEACE OFFERING ‘And if that which he presents is a peace offering, if he

PEACE OFFERING ‘And if that which he presents is a peace offering, if he is bringing it of the herd, whether male or female, he brings a perfect one before יהוה. ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and slaughter it at the door of the Tent of Meeting. And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall sprinkle the blood on the altar all around. ‘And from the peace offering he shall bring an offering made by fire to יהוה , the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them by the loins, and the appendage on the liver which he removes with the kidneys. ‘And the sons of Aharon shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt offering, which is on the wood, which is on the fire, as an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה. . All the fat belongs to יהוה. ‘An everlasting law throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you do not eat any fat or any blood. ’ ” (Leviticus 3: 1 -17) 39

THE SHELAMIN Shelamim is a Hebrew word from shalem or shalom, meaning a peace,

THE SHELAMIN Shelamim is a Hebrew word from shalem or shalom, meaning a peace, friendship or fellowship offering to יהוה. This was brought as a freewill offering in thanksgiving for the peace, friendship and fellowship they experienced with יהוה and His faithfulness to fulfil the Covenant to them. It was a volunteer gift to bless יהוה or offered as praise to Him. Do we do the Fellowship Offering today? The fellowship/Peace offering is still in place today. It was to be “a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. ” We are called to assemble to come near to His Presence. This is a volunteer offering of the heart, where brothers come together in peace as a group to praise and worship and offer thanksgiving to יהוה. Staying outside the assembly/ekklesia of יהוה on the Sabbath (with no fellowship) does not constitute keeping the fellowship offering. 40

SIN OFFERING. . "Tell the people of Isra'el: 'If anyone sins inadvertently against any

SIN OFFERING. . "Tell the people of Isra'el: 'If anyone sins inadvertently against any of the mitzvot of Adonai. . if he does any one of them, then, . . he is to offer. . a young bull without defect as a sin offering for the sin he committed. . . The anointed cohen is to take some of the bull's blood and bring it to the tent of meeting. The cohen is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times in the presence of Adonai in front of the curtain of the sanctuary. The cohen is to put some of the blood on the horns of the altar for fragrant incense before Adonai there in the tent of meeting. All the remaining blood of the bull he is to pour out at the base of the altar for burnt offerings, . . He is to remove from the bull for the sin offering all of its fat — the fat covering the inner organs, all the fat above the inner organs, the two kidneys, the fat on them near the flanks, and the covering of the liver, which he will remove with the kidneys as it is removed from an ox sacrificed as a peace offering; and the cohen is to make these parts go up in smoke on the altar for burnt offerings. But the bull's hide and all its flesh, with its head, the lower parts of its legs, its inner organs and dung. . he is to bring outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are emptied out. . . (Leviticus 4: 1 -12 CJB) 41

THE CHATA – REQUIRED OFFERING The sin offering, or chatas in Hebrew, was the

THE CHATA – REQUIRED OFFERING The sin offering, or chatas in Hebrew, was the first of the two required offerings we are to bring before Yahweh. The chatas was required to atone for unintentional sin resulting from carelessness or laxness, and is to be accepted as a personal responsibility for our lack of judgment that defiles the Tabernacle (ourselves included). This was offered by the priests and the congregation, as well as by individuals. When the sacrifice was offered for a priest or the congregation, a bull was slaughtered. The blood was applied in three ways, first sprinkled seven times in the Holy Place, toward the veil, in front of the Holy of Holies. Secondly the blood was smeared on the horns of the golden altar of incense and, thirdly, the blood was poured out on the ground at the bottom of the brazen altar where the fat and kidneys were burned. The remainder of the bull was burned outside the camp to complete the atonement for unintentional sin. In an offering for a leader, in which case a male goat was required, or an individual, when a female goat/lamb or bird was to be offered, the blood was placed only on the brazen altar. It was 42 a required offering since no one in Israel was without sin.

GUILT OFFERING “ If a person who is a witness, sworn to testify, sins

GUILT OFFERING “ If a person who is a witness, sworn to testify, sins by refusing to tell what he has seen or heard about the matter, he must bear the consequences. If a person touches something unclean, whether the carcass of an unclean wild animal, a domestic animal or a reptile, he is guilty, even though he may not be aware that he is unclean. If he touches some human uncleanness, no matter what the source of his uncleanness is, and is unaware of it, then, when he learns of it, he is guilty. If someone allows to slip from his mouth an oath to do evil or to do good, and he doesn't remember that he clearly spoke this oath, then, no matter what it was about, when he learns of it, he is guilty. . . "If someone sins by doing something against any of the mitzvot of Adonai concerning things which should not be done, he is guilty, even if he is unaware of it; and he bears the consequences of his wrongdoing. He must bring a ram without defect from the flock, or its equivalent according to your appraisal, to the cohen for a guilt offering; the cohen will make atonement concerning the error which he committed, even though he was unaware of it; and he will be forgiven. It is a guilt offering — he is 43 certainly guilty before Adonai. “ (Leviticus 5: 1 -19 CJB)

THE ASHAM The guilt offering was called asham in Hebrew and spoke of the

THE ASHAM The guilt offering was called asham in Hebrew and spoke of the covering of guilt. The asham was a required offering. A person who unintentionally misappropriated, for personal use, sanctuary property would be held responsible and was viewed as guilty regardless of his intention. Secondly, the asham was brought when there was a doubt as to whether a sin had been committed or not. Thirdly, the asham was for an intentional trespass against יהוה in that one lied under oath, defrauded his fellow man by cheating, stealing, lying, or did not return lost property to his neighbour. In so doing he was guilty and his sin was before יהוה. He offered a bull and made restitution for the full amount plus added a fifth as penalty. Basically every case of asham involved some inherent status destruction of some sort, rather than a simple mistake. 44

SIN AND GUILT OFFERING TODAY Our thoughts/deeds contaminate not only ourselves but the interaction

SIN AND GUILT OFFERING TODAY Our thoughts/deeds contaminate not only ourselves but the interaction with our fellow man also, bringing defilement into the sanctuary. Vows and oaths are very serious in ’יהוה s Kingdom. An example of the importance of truthful words in scripture is Ananias and Sapphira, who sold a piece of property and promised or vowed the amount they received to Yahweh. In the process they decided not to give the full amount promised, but held back a portion for their own personal use. Once given to יהוה it becomes holy. Ananias and Sapphira defiled the offering with their unclean thoughts and deeds, thus bringing death upon themselves (Acts 5: 111). Many are sick among us enslaved by their thoughts and mouths. Their hearts have been deceived and do not magnify the truth behind the image they were made in. What we sow, we reap. “For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he” (Proverbs 23: 7 KJV). Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law (Torah) we become conscious of 45 sin (Romans 3: 20 -25) (Psalm 40: 6 -8).

AND HE CALLED “Va. Yiqra” (And, He called). While He indeed called to Moshe;

AND HE CALLED “Va. Yiqra” (And, He called). While He indeed called to Moshe; in so doing, He called to all. He formed us in order to choose us to be His people. But, we have let Him down. this people I have formed for Myself, let them relate My praise. “But you have not called on Me, O Yaʽaqob , for you have been weary of Me, O Yisra’ĕl. “You have not brought Me the sheep for your burnt offerings, nor have you esteemed Me with your slaughterings. I have not caused you to serve with grain offerings, nor wearied you with incense. “You have not bought Me sweet cane with silver, nor have you satisfied Me with the fat of your slaughterings. You have only burdened Me with your sins, you have wearied Me with your crookednesses. “I, I am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and remember your sins no more. “Remind Me, let us enter into judgment, together; relate, that you might be declared right. “Your first father sinned, and your interpreters have transgressed against Me. “So I have profaned the chief ones of the set-apart place, and I have delivered up Yaʽaqob to the curse, and Yisra’ĕl to scorn. (Isaiah 43: 21 -28) 46

PRE- ORDAINED יהוה first reminds us that “this people” He formed for Himself. The

PRE- ORDAINED יהוה first reminds us that “this people” He formed for Himself. The term “this people” is in the Hebrew “zuw am”. The spelling here is “zayin-vav” “ayin-mem”. The numeric value of the letters in this phrase “zuw am” is 123, which equals the name “Hannah”, which means “favor / grace”. Here He says that, “this people I have formed for Myself”. The word for “formed” is “yatsar” and also means “pre-ordained”. Elohim pre-ordained this people to be His possession. He says that they/we no longer “draw near” (“qarab”) or seek to “ascend” to Him (“olah”) by bringing ourselves as offerings. We no longer bring Him “sweet cane” with “silver”. From “Parsha Terumah” where we learned that “sweet cane” is in Hebrew “qaneh” which was a sweet reed plant used in the set-apart incense. “Silver” or “keseph” represents our love for Elohim. “You have not brought Me sweet cane with silver” in Hebrew is; “qanah qaneh keseph” which also means “You have not brought Me sweet savor with your love”. The “offerings”, the “drawing near” and “ascending” are a “sweet fragrance” and “bring gratification to the Spirit of Elohim”. It’s not the smell of burning animal flesh that delights our Father, it’s our “drawing near”, the offering of ourselves. 47

REMIND HIM He tells us to remind Him. He wants to hear us call

REMIND HIM He tells us to remind Him. He wants to hear us call to Him. He wants us to ask Him to enter into judgment with us. “Relate” (say it), He says, that we might be declared right, “Tzaddik” in Hebrew (Righteous). Then יהוה says something that seems puzzling in verse 27; “Your first father sinned, and your interpreters have transgressed against Me. ” The term “first father” in the Hebrew is “rishon ab” and means “ancestors” (plural) or “chief fathers” as in those who were once in authority over you. “Interpreters”, as you might have guessed, refers to “teachers” or “those who translate and interpret” for us (as in the Scriptures). But, יהוה chose an interesting word to use here. He didn‟t use rabbis or scribes. Instead the word here is “luwts” (lamed-vav-tzadee), Strong‟s #3887 also meaning “to mock”, “to boast” or “talk arrogantly”. The letter lamed means “teaching”, vav is the “hook” and tzadee is the “righteous”. “Luwts” is literally “teaching that hooks the righteous”. The numeric value of “luwts” is 126 which equals “avon” which is “iniquity” or “sin”. He finishes in verse 28 by saying that this is why he profaned the 48 priests and delivered us up to be scorned.

THE PROMISE “But now hear, O Yaʽaqob My servant, and Yisra’ĕl whom I have

THE PROMISE “But now hear, O Yaʽaqob My servant, and Yisra’ĕl whom I have chosen. Thus said יהוה who made you and formed you from the womb, who helps you, ‘Do not fear, O Yaʽaqob My servant, and Yeshurun, whom I have chosen. ‘For I pour water on the thirsty, and floods on the dry ground. I pour My Spirit on your seed, and My blessing on your offspring, and they shall spring up among the grass like willows by streams of water. ’ “One says, ‘I belong to ; יהוה another calls himself by the name of Yaʽaqob ; another writes with his hand, ‘Unto יהוה , ’ and names himself by the name of Yisra’ĕl. “Thus said יהוה , Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, and his Redeemer, יהוה of hosts, ‘I am the First and I am the Last, besides Me there is no Elohim. ‘And who is like Me? Let him call and declare it, and lay it before Me, since I appointed the everlasting people. And the events that are coming and those that do come, let them declare these to them. ‘Do not fear, nor be afraid. Have I not since made you hear, and declared it? You are My witnesses. Is there an Eloah besides Me? There is no other Rock, I know not one. ’ ” (Isaiah 44: 1 49 -8)