1 Bone Shapes Bone Kleenex Bone Name Those

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Bone Shapes Bone Kleenex Bone Name Those Components Bones 10 pt 10 pt 20

Bone Shapes Bone Kleenex Bone Name Those Components Bones 10 pt 10 pt 20 pt 20 pt 30 pt 30 pt 40 pt 40 pt 50 pt 50 2 pt H-town

The tarsals make up a cluster of these kind of bones. 3

The tarsals make up a cluster of these kind of bones. 3

What are short bones? 4

What are short bones? 4

These bones have a diaphysis and epiphysis 5

These bones have a diaphysis and epiphysis 5

What are long bones? 6

What are long bones? 6

The name of this bone and the type of bone it is. 7

The name of this bone and the type of bone it is. 7

What is the scapula and flat bone? 8

What is the scapula and flat bone? 8

Most of the bones pictured here would be considered these kind of bones. 9

Most of the bones pictured here would be considered these kind of bones. 9

What are short bones? 10

What are short bones? 10

The patella is referred to as this type of bone because it is a

The patella is referred to as this type of bone because it is a small bone found within a tendon. 11

What is a sesamoid bone? 12

What is a sesamoid bone? 12

This matrix makes bone feel “hard as bone”? 13

This matrix makes bone feel “hard as bone”? 13

What is the inorganic matrix? 14

What is the inorganic matrix? 14

Collagen fibers make up the main part of this matrix. 15

Collagen fibers make up the main part of this matrix. 15

What is organic matrix? 16

What is organic matrix? 16

All of the following can be found in this matrix: Ca, Mg, Fl, &

All of the following can be found in this matrix: Ca, Mg, Fl, & Ca. CO 3 17

What is inorganic matrix? 18

What is inorganic matrix? 18

Another name for myeloid tissue. 19

Another name for myeloid tissue. 19

What is bone marrow? 20

What is bone marrow? 20

This gel-like material aids in adhesion and resistance to stress in bone. 21

This gel-like material aids in adhesion and resistance to stress in bone. 21

What is ground substance? 22

What is ground substance? 22

These are horizontal canals which allow for the transport of nutrients and waste through

These are horizontal canals which allow for the transport of nutrients and waste through bone. 23

What are Volkmann’s canals? 24

What are Volkmann’s canals? 24

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The name for spindleshaped structures that make up cancellous bone 26

The name for spindleshaped structures that make up cancellous bone 26

What are trabeculae? 27

What are trabeculae? 27

The name for the concentric rings seen in this tissue. 28

The name for the concentric rings seen in this tissue. 28

What are lamellae? 29

What are lamellae? 29

The type of bone pictured here. 30

The type of bone pictured here. 30

What is compact bone? 31

What is compact bone? 31

This means “little lakes” but they are actually osteocyte “prisons”? 32

This means “little lakes” but they are actually osteocyte “prisons”? 32

What are lacunae? 33

What are lacunae? 33

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What is the sternum? 35

What is the sternum? 35

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What is the maxilla? 37

What is the maxilla? 37

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What is the radius? 39

What is the radius? 39

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What are the tarsals? 41

What are the tarsals? 41

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What is the coxal? 43

What is the coxal? 43

This is often called the funny bone. 44

This is often called the funny bone. 44

What is the humerus? 45

What is the humerus? 45

These are the basic functional units of bone, also called osteons. 46

These are the basic functional units of bone, also called osteons. 46

What are Haversian systems? 47

What are Haversian systems? 47

This “U”-shaped bone does not articulate with any other bone. 48

This “U”-shaped bone does not articulate with any other bone. 48

What is the hyoid bone? 49

What is the hyoid bone? 49

A function of the skeletal system that creates new blood cells. 50

A function of the skeletal system that creates new blood cells. 50

What is hematopoiesis? 51

What is hematopoiesis? 51

Hardness of bone results in part from the deposition of this material. 52

Hardness of bone results in part from the deposition of this material. 52

What is hydroxyapatite? 53

What is hydroxyapatite? 53

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Long Bones Bone Functions Bone Cells Skull Spots Ossification 20 pt 20 pt 40

Long Bones Bone Functions Bone Cells Skull Spots Ossification 20 pt 20 pt 40 pt 40 pt 60 pt 60 pt 80 pt 80 pt 100 pt 10055 pt

This is also called the shaft of the bone. 56

This is also called the shaft of the bone. 56

What is the diaphysis? 57

What is the diaphysis? 57

This membrane covers the outer part of the bone and is highly vasculated. 58

This membrane covers the outer part of the bone and is highly vasculated. 58

What is the periosteum? 59

What is the periosteum? 59

Yellow marrow tissue fills this space. 60

Yellow marrow tissue fills this space. 60

What is the medullary cavity? 61

What is the medullary cavity? 61

This part remains as cartilage during active growth to allow for lengthening of bone.

This part remains as cartilage during active growth to allow for lengthening of bone. 62

What is the epiphyseal plate? 63

What is the epiphyseal plate? 63

The epiphyses are covered in this material which aids in articulation. 64

The epiphyses are covered in this material which aids in articulation. 64

What is articular cartilage? 65

What is articular cartilage? 65

These offer protection for the main organs of the circulatory system. 66

These offer protection for the main organs of the circulatory system. 66

What are the ribs? 67

What are the ribs? 67

Bones act as these to increase the efficiency of skeletal muscle contraction in movement.

Bones act as these to increase the efficiency of skeletal muscle contraction in movement. 68

What are levers? 69

What are levers? 69

Bones store reserves of this mineral which is crucial for muscle contraction and nerve

Bones store reserves of this mineral which is crucial for muscle contraction and nerve transmission. 70

What is calcium? 71

What is calcium? 71

These hormones play crucial roles in blood calcium homeostasis. 72

These hormones play crucial roles in blood calcium homeostasis. 72

What are parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin? 73

What are parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin? 73

The thyroid will release this substance when blood calcium levels are too high. 74

The thyroid will release this substance when blood calcium levels are too high. 74

What is calcitonin? 75

What is calcitonin? 75

These cells are multinucleated with many lysosomes. 76

These cells are multinucleated with many lysosomes. 76

What are osteoclasts? 77

What are osteoclasts? 77

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The parathyroid releases PTH to stimulate this bone cell’s activity. 79

The parathyroid releases PTH to stimulate this bone cell’s activity. 79

What are osteoclasts? 80

What are osteoclasts? 80

These cells secret the ground substance crucial for ossification. 81

These cells secret the ground substance crucial for ossification. 81

What are osteoblasts? 82

What are osteoblasts? 82

These mature cells are eventually walled into calcified bone matrix. 83

These mature cells are eventually walled into calcified bone matrix. 83

What are osteocytes? 84

What are osteocytes? 84

When you have this disease you may take calcitonin to increase the activity of

When you have this disease you may take calcitonin to increase the activity of osteoblasts. 85

What is osteoporosis? 86

What is osteoporosis? 86

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What is the frontal bone? 88

What is the frontal bone? 88

Bone # 2 89

Bone # 2 89

What is the nasal bone? 90

What is the nasal bone? 90

Bone # 4 91

Bone # 4 91

What is the zygomatic bone? 92

What is the zygomatic bone? 92

Bone # 3 93

Bone # 3 93

What is the lacrimal bone? 94

What is the lacrimal bone? 94

Bone # 9 95

Bone # 9 95

What is the sphenoid bone? 96

What is the sphenoid bone? 96

This type of growth is observed when osteoblasts and osteoclasts work on the outer

This type of growth is observed when osteoblasts and osteoclasts work on the outer layer of bone to widen it. 97

What is appositional growth? 98

What is appositional growth? 98

The type of ossification seen in infants when cartilage structures are gradually converted to

The type of ossification seen in infants when cartilage structures are gradually converted to bone. 99

What is intramembranous ossification? 100

What is intramembranous ossification? 100

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The main goal of endochondral ossification is to do this to the bone. 102

The main goal of endochondral ossification is to do this to the bone. 102

What is lengthen it? 103

What is lengthen it? 103

These soft spots allow infant’s heads to fit through the birth canal. 104

These soft spots allow infant’s heads to fit through the birth canal. 104

What are fontanels? 105

What are fontanels? 105

Rickets results because of a deficiency of this vitamin necessary for calcification of the

Rickets results because of a deficiency of this vitamin necessary for calcification of the epiphyseal plate. 106

What is vitamin D? 107

What is vitamin D? 107