# 1 2 Measuringand and Constructing Segments 1 2

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1 -2 Measuringand and. Constructing. Segments 1 -2 Measuring Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Are you ready? Simplify. 1. 7 – (– 3) 2. – 1 – (– 13) 3. |– 7 – 1| Solve each equation. 4. 2 x + 3 = 9 x – 11 5. 3 x = 4 x – 5 6. How many numbers are there between Holt Geometry and ?

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Objectives TSW use length and midpoint of a segment. TSW construct midpoints and congruent segments. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments When would I ever use this? You can measure a segment to calculate the distance between two locations. Maps of a race are used to show the distance between stations on the course. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Vocabulary coordinate midpoint distance bisect length segment bisector construction between congruent segments Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments A ruler can be used to measure the distance between two points. A coordinate is a point corresponds to one and only one number on a ruler. The following postulate summarizes this concept. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments The distance between any two points is the absolute value of the difference of the coordinates. If the coordinates of points A and B are a and b, then the distance between A and B is |a – b| or |b – a|. The distance between A and B is also called the length of AB, or AB. A a Holt Geometry B b AB = |a – b| or |b - a|

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 1: Finding the Length of a Segment Find each length. A. BC Holt Geometry B. AC

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 2 Find each length. a. XY Holt Geometry b. XZ

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Congruent segments are segments that have the same length. In the diagram, PQ = RS, so you can write PQ RS. This is read as “segment PQ is congruent to segment RS. ” Tick marks are used in a figure to show congruent segments. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments You can make a sketch or measure and draw a segment. These may not be exact. A construction is a way of creating a figure that is precise. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Constructing a Congruent Segment You will need a ruler and a compass. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments In order for you to say that a point B is between two points A and C, all three points must lie on the same line, and AB + BC = AC. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 3: Using the Segment Addition Postulate G is between F and H, FG = 6, and FH = 11. Find GH. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 3 B: Using the Segment Addition Postulate M is between N and O. Find NO. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 3 c Y is between X and Z, XZ = 3, and XY = Find YZ. Holt Geometry .

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 3 d E is between D and F. Find DF. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments The midpoint M of AB is the point that bisects, or divides, the segment into two congruent segments. If M is the midpoint of AB, then AM = MB. So if AB = 6, then AM = 3 and MB = 3. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 4: Recreation Application The map shows the route for a race. You are 365 m from drink station R and 2 km from drink station S. The first-aid station is located at the midpoint of the two drink stations. How far are you from the first-aid station? What is the distance to a drink station located at the midpoint between your current location and the first aid station? Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments B is the midpoint of AC , AB = 5 x, and BC = 3 x + 4. Find AB, BC and AC. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Example 5: Using Midpoints to Find Lengths D is the midpoint of EF, ED = 4 x + 6, and DF = 7 x – 9. Find ED, DF, and EF. E Holt Geometry 4 x + 6 D 7 x – 9 F

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments A segment bisector is any ray, segment, or line that intersects a segment at its midpoint. It divides the segment into two equal parts at its midpoint. Let’s construct one now. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. M is between N and O. MO = 15, and MN = 7. 6. Find NO. 2. S is the midpoint of TV, TS = 4 x – 7, and SV = 5 x – 15. Find TS, SV, and TV. 3. Sketch, draw, and construct a segment congruent to CD. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Lesson Quiz: Part II 4. LH bisects GK at M. GM = 2 x + 6, and GK = 24. Find x. 5. Tell whether the statement below is sometimes, always, or never true. Support your answer with a sketch. If M is the midpoint of KL, then M, K, and L are collinear. Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. M is between N and O. MO = 15, and MN = 7. 6. Find NO. 22. 6 2. S is the midpoint of TV, TS = 4 x – 7, and SV = 5 x – 15. Find TS, SV, and TV. 25, 50 3. Sketch, draw, and construct a segment congruent to CD. Check students' constructions Holt Geometry

1 -2 Measuring and Constructing Segments Lesson Quiz: Part II 4. LH bisects GK at M. GM = 2 x + 6, and GK = 24. Find x. 3 5. Tell whether the statement below is sometimes, always, or never true. Support your answer with a sketch. If M is the midpoint of KL, then M, K, and L are collinear. Always K M L Holt Geometry

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